Electronic Library of Scientific Literature
Volume 46, 1/1998
OTÁZKA PERCEPCIE ČASU A PRIESTORU U SENZIBILOV
(Komparácia tradičných a súčasných predstáv o pôsobení jedincov s nadprirodzenými schopnosťami)
Mgr. Dušan Belko,
Ústav etnológie SAV, Jakubovo nám. 12, 813 64 Bratislava, Slovakia
The author has focused chiefly on the issues of perception of time and space by "sensibils". He has compared their opinion to the Medieval ideas about time and space. For the sake more detailed understanding of this nowadays quite widespread category of people one part of the paper is focused not only on analysing the meaning of the term "sensibils", but also on their clasification according to the character and way of obtaining their unusual abilities. Simultaneous, the author presents some ethnographic data on the "semi-daemonic" creatures (a soothsayer, a shaman, a wizard, a witch) known in the folk belief, as a grounds for basic comparison. The comparison may point to a significant congruence as well as certain continuity of ideas about activity of these creatures preserved in the folk tradition of Slovakia on the one hand, and current ideas about abilities of "sensibils" on the other.
Kľúčové slová: bohyňa, čas, priestor, psychotronika, veštec
Key words: sorceress, time, space, psychotronics, soothsayer
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URBÁNNE HUDOBNÉ ŠTÝLY V EURÓPE
Gerlinde Haid, Ursula Hemetek
Institut für Volksmusikforschung der Hochschule für Musik und darstellende Kunst in Wien, Österreich
The study deals with the urban musical styles in Europe as a topic of ethnomusicology: city folk music in the historical processes, "the other existence" of folklore, influence of the phenomena of imigration and multiculture, an overview of the city musical styles "from Albany to Portugal".
Kľúčové slová: hudobný štýl, urbánny výskum, Európa
Key words: musical style, urban research, Europe
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ETNICKÁ IDENTIFIKÁCIA OBYVATEĽOV TZV. CIGÁNSKEJ/RÓMSKEJ KOLÓNIE V PLAVECKOM ŠTVRTKU
Mgr. Zuza Kumanová,
INFOROMA, Bajkalská 25, 827 08 Bratislava, Slovakia
The author traces the disproportion of statistic accounts of declared and real ethnical identification of Gypsies in small community of Plavecký Štvrtok. Collective identity is connected with the reflection of the ethnicity of ancestors local belongings. Refusal of gypsy-identity is at the some time also the refusal of certain social status.
Kľúčové slová: etnická identifikácia, Rómovia
Key words: ethnic identification, Gypsy
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K INTERPRETÁCII ŽIVOTA STREDNÝCH VRSTIEV NA ZOBRAZENIACH MESTA (Trenčín 1918-1938)
PhDr. Monika Vrzgulová, CSc.,
Ústav etnológie SAV, Jakubovo nám. 12, 81364 Bratislava, Slovakia
Photographic pictures belong to the sources which the Slovak ethnologists
are working with. It is necessary to mention that the work with the "picture"
in wider sense of word has its large reserves.
We reflect that the "picture" is the immutable source of data of certain society in given historical period but nevertheless we do not consider it as equal informatic basis. It serves merely as the supplement or resurrection of implications which were concluded on the base of the study of other sources. Cacellation value of pictures (in this study of photographic pictures) retains unchanged in time. For to decode them we have to know the surrounding in which they were created; the stimulus which formed them and not less important is information of their "next life". The author, on concrete corpus of photographic pictures, tried to show the possibilities which offers their decodation.
Kľúčové slová: fotografia, stredné vrstvy, mesto
Key words: photographs, middle class, urban research
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