In: World Literature Studies, vol. 14, no. 4
Year, pages: 2022, 3 - 13
Literature and knowledge. Systems theory. Niklas Luhmann. Symbolically generalized communication medium. Truth. Fictionality.
Article type: HOSŤOVSKÁ PREDNÁŠKA/GUEST LECTURE
Document type: pdf
This article suggests that the relationship between literature and knowledge can be described more precisely through elements of Niklas Luhmann’s systems theory, which is presented with a focus on its relevant concepts (autopoiesis, functional differentiation, second-order observation, symbolically generalized communication medium, etc.) For Luhmann, truth is not the expression of an adaequatio rei, but a symbolically generalized communication medium that participates in the autopoiesis of communication. As the article argues, fictionality can also be regarded as a symbolically generalized communication medium, and the as-if character of fictional discourse enables the inclusion of knowledge elements, although they are textually indistinguishable as such from non-knowledge elements. This is interpreted as an expression of the “paradoxical foundation of all knowledge” described by Luhmann. Paradoxically, literary fiction can make contributions to the production of knowledge, as will be briefly demonstrated in the conclusion with three examples (Sigmund Freud, Luigi Pirandello, and Yannick Haenel).
How to cite:
Klinkert, T. 2022. Teória systémov, poznanie a literatúra. In World Literature Studies, vol. 14, no.4, pp. 3-13. 1337-9275. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31577/WLS.2022.14.4.1
Klinkert, T. (2022). Teória systémov, poznanie a literatúra. World Literature Studies, 14(4), 3-13. 1337-9275. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31577/WLS.2022.14.4.1
Publisher: Ústav svetovej literatúry Slovenskej akadémie vied, v. v. i.
Published: 17. 12. 2022