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Kriminalita ako modalita sociálneho konania

Acts of Crime as a Modality of Social Action

Gabriela Lubelcová

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Rok, strany / Year, pages: 2014, 167-193

Jazyk / Language: \/eng

Publikované / Published: 0000-00-00

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Acts of Crime as a Modality of Social Action. Knowledge on social causality of crime has become a key theoretical orientation in criminology. It is represented by an aetiological paradigm. Despite of long-time efforts of the criminological aetiological studies, criminology lacks coherent theoretical base to interpret social causal mechanisms. Over the last years we can identify some ways of knowledge integration, including increasing tendency to multilevel integration. The study presents and discusses some approaches to integration of sociological knowledge on social determination of crime acts. The contribution emphasizes model of social action as a base framework for explanation. However, classic sociological modes of interpretation of social action are reformulated in context of social and cultural changes of late modernity. We can observe a shift to significance of human agency. Social action is more motivated, more reflexive. Up to the author, the base for the conceptualisation of social determination of crime is understanding of sociability and social responsibility in recent social conditions. As a conceptual frame of sociability is considered a mechanism of social attachment of social actor. This mechanism has bi-directional dimensions: social inclusion (from the social actor to their social context) and social acceptation (from social context to the social actor). Sociológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 2: 167-193)

Acts of Crime as a Modality of Social Action. Knowledge on social causality of crime has become a key theoretical orientation in criminology. It is represented by an aetiological paradigm. Despite of long-time efforts of the criminological aetiological studies, criminology lacks coherent theoretical base to interpret social causal mechanisms. Over the last years we can identify some ways of knowledge integration, including increasing tendency to multilevel integration. The study presents and discusses some approaches to integration of sociological knowledge on social determination of crime acts. The contribution emphasizes model of social action as a base framework for explanation. However, classic sociological modes of interpretation of social action are reformulated in context of social and cultural changes of late modernity. We can observe a shift to significance of human agency. Social action is more motivated, more reflexive. Up to the author, the base for the conceptualisation of social determination of crime is understanding of sociability and social responsibility in recent social conditions. As a conceptual frame of sociability is considered a mechanism of social attachment of social actor. This mechanism has bi-directional dimensions: social inclusion (from the social actor to their social context) and social acceptation (from social context to the social actor). Sociológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 2: 167-193)

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Kľúčové slová / Keywords:

criminology; explanation of crime; social aetiology; human agency; social attachment

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