In: Studia Politica Slovaca, vol. 1, no. 2
Energetická bezpečnost USA
Year, pages: 2008, 55 - 73
Keywords: security; energy security; mutual dependence; oil; oil embargo; Carter’s Doctrine; Middle East; Persian Gulf; unilateralism; multilateralism
Energy security of the U.S.A is, after military security, the second most important issue related to the pursuit of national interests. Following World War II, the U.S.A became heavily dependent on the import of oil and increasingly dependent on the import of gas. Since the oil embargo imposed by OPEC in 1973, the U.S.A has been dominated by a view that this dependence should decrease. A possible way out has been reduced consumption and control of the most important oil reserves – this approach builds on Carter’s Doctrine. Today, as a result of the country’s unilateral policy, its military control spans almost the whole area of the Middle East; yet, other countries are more efficient in trade. The solution resides in a multilateral approach to the country’s security, respect for the legitimate interests of others and collaboration in the area of security.
How to cite:
Krejčí, O. 2008. Energetická bezpečnost USA. In Studia Politica Slovaca, vol. 1, no.2, pp. 55-73. 1337-8163.
Krejčí, O. (2008). Energetická bezpečnost USA. Studia Politica Slovaca, 1(2), 55-73. 1337-8163.