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Priestorové aspekty chudoby a sociálneho vylúčenia

Spatial Aspects of Poverty and Social Exclusion

Roman Džambazovič

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Rok, strany / Year, pages: 2007, 432-458

Jazyk / Language: \/eng

Publikované / Published: 0000-00-00

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Spatial Aspects of Poverty and Social Exclusion. The interest of the Slovak sociology in dealing with poverty and social exclusion has been rising steadily. Although the spatial aspect of poverty and social exclusion is one of the essential problems, the interest in it is only marginal. This study is trying to trace various spatial levels the poverty problem is connected with. It follows these aspects: 1. interregional disparity concentrating on social-spatial marginal regions; 2. intercommunity disparity; 3. local disparity. Within each level the author presents recent theoretical and indicative referential frames filling them with analysis of the data accessible in the Slovak Republic. The growth of social differentiation after 1989 goes hand in hand with spatial disparity. Interregional and interlocal disparities intensify; the most affected being social-spatial marginalized regions, smaller villages and spatial (also social) segregated communities, poor neighbourhoods in towns and villages. The study also analyses an extreme example of spatial disparity of segregated Roma settlements and warns of possible community and neighbourhood effect on intergenerational poverty transfer.

Spatial Aspects of Poverty and Social Exclusion. The interest of the Slovak sociology in dealing with poverty and social exclusion has been rising steadily. Although the spatial aspect of poverty and social exclusion is one of the essential problems, the interest in it is only marginal. This study is trying to trace various spatial levels the poverty problem is connected with. It follows these aspects: 1. interregional disparity concentrating on social-spatial marginal regions; 2. intercommunity disparity; 3. local disparity. Within each level the author presents recent theoretical and indicative referential frames filling them with analysis of the data accessible in the Slovak Republic. The growth of social differentiation after 1989 goes hand in hand with spatial disparity. Interregional and interlocal disparities intensify; the most affected being social-spatial marginalized regions, smaller villages and spatial (also social) segregated communities, poor neighbourhoods in towns and villages. The study also analyses an extreme example of spatial disparity of segregated Roma settlements and warns of possible community and neighbourhood effect on intergenerational poverty transfer.

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Kľúčové slová / Keywords:

Poverty; social exclusion; spatial aspects of poverty; regional and intercommunity disparity; social-spatial marginality; residential segregation; ghetto; community; neighbourhood effect; area effect

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