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Institute: Institute of Landscape Ecology

Ecological optimization of the utilization of landslide areas in selected parts of the flysch zone in regard to the traditional farming
Ekologická optimalizácia využívania zosuvných území vo vybraných častiach flyšového pásma, so zreteľom na ich tradičné obhospodarovanie
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Barančoková Mária PhD.
Annotation:The occurrence of landslides in the flysch zone of the Western Carpathians has conditioned the utilization of landscape from the beginning of the settlement. Places that have not been affected by the construction processes were used according to the needs of the agricultural population. Each intervention had an impact on the development of coenosis thereby creating specific habitats with high variability. This was so not only because of natural specificities of individual localities, but also due to diversity of management habits and skills in dispersed settlements (called "kopanice"). Slope deformations represent geofactor, which significantly affects the quality of the environment. The project aims to develop a methodology of assessment of landslide areas in flysch environment and their use in traditional farming, the application of this methodology in selected areas and suggestions for ecological optimization of utilization.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

Historické a súčasné zmeny krajinnej diverzity a biodiverzity vplyvom pôsobenia prírodných a antropogénnych faktorov
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Barančok Peter CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021

The evaluation of cultural ecosystem services countries on a basis of landscape research for the ecological model of tourism development
Hodnotenie kultúrnych ekosystémových služieb krajiny na báze krajinnoekologických výskumov pre ekologické modely rozvoja cestovného ruchu
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Krnáčová Zdena PhD.
Annotation:Scientific objective of the project is the creation and application of new quantitative methods for assessing ecosystem services of cultural landscapes. Starting from the evaluation of landscape ecological significance (LES) elements LAND COVER by biodiversity, ecosystems aesthetic value (EAV), cultural-historical significance of cultural heritage (CHAS). The basis is the mapping of the actual state and characteristics of the elements of the current landscape cover (LAND COVER) of the urban environment of Bratislava, which we processed under the legend CORINE Land Cover Technical Quide - Addendum 2000 (Bossard, Feranec, Oťahl, 2000) on 3rd, 4th, and 5th hierarchical level. The representation of the landscape cover classes is processed in vector form, resulting from the synthesis of the thematic and relevant layers contained in the ZB GIS, supplemented by a licensed current installation derived from orthophotomaps from aeronautical imaging. 2015 (EUROSENSE, s.r.o.2015). These were complemented by a terrain research in 2014-2017, 2018. This year we processed 8 cadastres within the model territory of Bratislava. The aim is the proposal of diversified ecological forms and species of tourism (ECOTUR), which take into account the ecosystems benefits and the social value of the original habitats and cultural-historical objects. Part of the ECOTUR models will be the elaboration of measures and regulatives with possibility implementation in strategy documents.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2019

Assessment of recent changes and trends in agricultural landscape of Slovakia
Hodnotenie novodobých zmien a vývojových trendov poľnohospodárskej krajiny Slovenska
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš CSc.
Annotation:The project responds to insufficiently known consequences of the current rapid and extensive changes of agricultural landscape (AL). The aim is to evaluate the extent and distribution of the recent changes in the AL use in Slovakia after r. 1990, their trends and impacts on main functions and depending ecosystem services. The project is based on the DPSIR concept that evaluates environmental context of human activities in the form of a causal chain, following the causes, conditions and consequences. The main original features of the project is a comprehensive approach with the analysis and evaluation of natural and socio-economic factors, with emphasis of internationally established indicators use, analysis of trends and formulation of possible future scenarios, interconnection of multiple spatial levels, the combination of analytical procedures with empirical knowledge and stakeholder involvement. The project is planned for 48 months (07/2018-06/2022). It will develop special methods, procedures and indicators to be applied at national level and in local case studies in all major types of AL. In addition to scientific contribution, the project will also propose measures, tools and procedures for decision-making and planning of the sustainable use of AL.
Duration: 1.8.2018 - 30.6.2022

Evaluation of the transformation of natural and socio-cultural diversity of the cultural landscape in Slovakia (on example of selected areas)
Hodnotenie transformácie prírodnej a sociálnokultúrnej diverzity kultúrnej krajiny Slovenska (na príklade vybraných území)
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Štefunková Dagmar PhD.
Annotation: The cultural landscape is a testimony to the contemporary way of life and, at the same time, to the materialization of long-term impact of our ancestors in landscape, in the form of the historical cultural landscape. In addition to the material dimension, the historical cultural landscape also has an intangible socio-cultural dimension, which creates the historical context of its origin and development, as well as the way of perceiving its values ​​and functioning by its contemporaries. The analysis of terminological inconsistencies and the evaluation of the implementation of the issue of the historical cultural landscape into the legal order of the Slovak Republic will be the first of the objectives. The methodology of identification of the historical cultural landscape in the typologically different model territories of Slovakia will follow. The main aim will be the elaboration of a methodology for assessing the natural and socio-cultural diversity of the historical cultural landscape, its comparison with the contemporary cultural landscape, determining the degree of its transformation and sketching the possibilities of its protection.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Independent evaluation of the Rural Development Programme for the period 2014-2020
Nezávislé hodnotenie Programu rozvoja vidieka SR pre obdobie 2014-2020
Program: Other projects
Project leader: Ing. Špulerová Jana PhD.
Annotation:Processing of documents for evaluation report of the Rural Development Programme for 2014-2020, including answering the evaluation questions which provides an independent assessment of the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness and achievements, impact and success and failure factors.
Duration: 18.12.2015 - 31.12.2019

New possibilities of use of drainage canal systems with taking into account the protection and use of a landscape
Nové možnosti využitia odvodňovacích kanálových sústav s ohľadom na ochranu a využívanie krajiny
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Kalivoda Henrik PhD.
Annotation:Drainage canal system, as artificial multifunctional anthropogenic elements in a landscape have other specific functions which were not paid attention yet. The reason of construction of those canal systems was the intensification of agricultural production and discharge of inland waters. Their construction characters are analogical to a stream. These characters must be re-evaluated from the point of their functional use under real conditions of an area. Due to the change of agricultural policy, further construction and maintenance practically does not exist and the lifetime of connected technical segments is getting to the end. Secondary drainage canals are gradually overgrown, wood vegetation develops and canals stop fulfilling their main function. Similar situation appears in case of main canals, moreover, their use is bound to capacity of pumping stations. Primary and secondary drainage canals are important connective landscape elements and serve also as a refugium, or biocentre for several kinds of organisms. There appear significant successive processes in the canal network. Based on reevaluation of present state of drainage canals there will be elaborated a proposal of measures of their primary functions and proposal of their multifunctional use. New possibilities of use of drainage canals are important from the point of view of protection and use of the landscape, namely the development and stability of biodiversity.
Duration: 1.7.2015 - 28.6.2019

Výskum biokultúrnych hodnôt krajiny
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Dobrovodská Marta PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021

Green Infrastructure of Slovakia
Zelená infraštruktúra Slovenska
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Moyzeová Milena PhD.
Annotation:The concept of green infrastructure, the same as the territorial systems of ecological stability, is aimed at the progressive transition from the black-and-white division of the country to the protected and unprotected parts, to an all-area differentiated system preserving ecologically convenient landscape structure with different ways of use. Hence, the aim of the proposed Green Infrastructure and mitigation of the negative effects of its barriers is conservation and support to biodiversity and diversity of Slovakia’s landscape and provision for their beneficial effects on the surrounding ecologically less stable parts of the country, support to variants of multifunctional land use with the aim to protect individual components of the environment, conservation of important landscape
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

Changes in Slovak Landscape Driven by European Union Agricultural Policy
Zmeny poľnohospodárskej krajiny Slovenska vplyvom politík Európskej Únie
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Lieskovský Juraj PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on identification and evaluation of changes in agricultural landscape (AL), which were after 2004 affected by the EU legislation in fields of agriculture, water protection and nature conservation. It is based on analysis of the EU policies as drivers of changes in AL. It will study types and intensity of use of AL on regional and local levels. The project combines methods of remote sensing (RS) and field research. RS will be used for timely obtaining information on AL. Also will be developed and tested innovative approaches and methods with use of new satellite sensors. In local scale will be studied impact of changes in use in AL on biodiversity. For biodiversity study were selected indication groups of vegetation, invertebrates (spiders, dragonflies) and vertebrates (amphibians, birds). Studied will be sites from which exist data from previous research, wetlands and newly evolved biotopes in AL. The final phase will be synthesis of current state and changes in AL and biodiversity.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.1.2019

Changes in soil properties and secondary succession following afforestation of former agricultural land
Zmeny pôdnych vlastností a sekundárna sukcesia po zalesnení bývalých poľnohospodárskych pôd
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Kollár Jozef PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on the ecology and soils of secondary forests established after land use changes in the various Slovak region differed by natural conditions and land use type. Studied areas will include especially Malé Karpaty Mts (afforested former vineyards and pastures, non-carbonate bedrock) and Považský Inovec Mts. (afforested pastures, carbonate bedrock). The project has an interdisciplinary character. Vegetation part will be focused on the detailed phytocoenological and floristic characteristics of the studied forests, which will serve as a database for other actívities, such as state, progress and direction of secondary succession, ecological and socio-economic evaluation of particular vegetation etc. Soil research will include basic and some special soil properties, which will serve to evaluate the impact of historical and current land use on the soil.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.1.2021

The total number of projects: 11