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The list of national projects SAS

Institute of Landscape Ecology
Ecological Analyses of Landscape Acculturation in Slovakia since Early Prehistory until Today
Ekologické analýzy akulturácie krajiny Slovenska od mladšieho praveku dodnes
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Piscová Veronika PhD.
Annotation:Human impact on landscape of Slovakia is manifested more markedly since the Neolithic period (New Stone Age). Acculturation processes such as mutual adoption and merging different cultures and process of social and cultural changes accompany people throughout their history and reflect on the environment (Škvarna, 2007). The human impact on the landscape may appear at first positive, but it may have a negative influence on the nature itself and finally on people as well (Erten, Van Deb Berg, Weissing 2007). For this reason, it is important to analyze the impact of landscape changes on people and also on natural ecosystems. The aim of this project is to reconstruct the landscape in several periods of historical and archaeological past and to evaluate the consequences of human activity in the model areas. An important role will be played by the confrontation of the evolution of settlement and vegetation changes in the territories in the same chronological sections.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022
Ecological relationships in the system host-parasitoid
Ekologické vzťahy v systéme hostiteľ-parazitoid
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Gajdoš Peter CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2023
Ex-ante hodnotenie a SEA pre Strategický plán SPP 2021-2027
Program: Other projects
Project leader: RNDr. Miklósová Viktória PhD.
Duration: 1.6.2019 - 30.6.2021
Historical and present changes in the landscape diversity and biodiversity caused by natural and anthropogenic factors
Historické a súčasné zmeny krajinnej diverzity a biodiverzity vplyvom pôsobenia prírodných a antropogénnych faktorov
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Barančok Peter CSc.
Annotation:In the natural environment, there are constantly running processes that affect the character of the landscape or intensity of natural environmental factors and form the overall state of the environment. These processes naturally influence and change landscape diversity and biodiversity. Man intervenes into these natural procsses in a significant way and anthropogenic impacts on the landscape and biodiversity nowadays outweigh the impacts resulting from the natural development of the areas. The project focuses on the assessment of landscape and biodiversity changes in selected areas affected by the effects of natural and anthropogenic stress factors in a different time periods. Attention will be paid to the differentiation of landscape diversity and biodiversity changes that were caused by the natural development of the landscape, global factors impact and the influence of man in the country ? since the first settlement, through changes in the way and intensity of the landscape use.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021
Assessment of recent changes and trends in agricultural landscape of Slovakia (Demetra)
Hodnotenie novodobých zmien a vývojových trendov poľnohospodárskej krajiny Slovenska (Demetra)
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš CSc.
Annotation:The project responds to insufficiently known consequences of the current rapid and extensive changes of agricultural landscape (AL). The aim is to evaluate the extent and distribution of the recent changes in the AL use in Slovakia after r. 1990, their trends and impacts on main functions and depending ecosystem services. The project is based on the DPSIR concept that evaluates environmental context of human activities in the form of a causal chain, following the causes, conditions and consequences. The main original features of the project is a comprehensive approach with the analysis and evaluation of natural and socio-economic factors, with emphasis of internationally established indicators use, analysis of trends and formulation of possible future scenarios, interconnection of multiple spatial levels, the combination of analytical procedures with empirical knowledge and stakeholder involvement. The project is planned for 48 months (07/2018-06/2022). It will develop special methods, procedures and indicators to be applied at national level and in local case studies in all major types of AL. In addition to scientific contribution, the project will also propose measures, tools and procedures for decision-making and planning of the sustainable use of AL.
Duration: 1.8.2018 - 30.6.2022
Integration of supply of selected ecosystem services for societal demand in terms of developing sustainable forms of tourism
Integrácia poskytovania vybraných služieb ekosystémov pre spoločenský dopyt z hľadiska rozvoja udržateľných foriem cestovného ruchu
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Krnáčová Zdena PhD.
Annotation:The scientific aim of the project is the development and creation of new methods of evaluation of cultural, selected regulating and supporting services of ecosystems using quantification techniques, such as landscape supplies for demand in terms of development of sustainable forms of tourism. From a methodological point of view, we will use several methods, like the Spreadsheet-Type method (Burkhard et al., 2009, 2014, Mederly et al., 2019, Nuegarten et al., 2018, Maes, 2012b, 2013) as a basis and assess the degree of hemerobia and landscape-ecology importance of landscape cover according to authors Krnáčová, Barančok, Pavličková (2018), where we evaluate the biophysical characteristics of elements. This methodology allows to design a suitable and sensitive type of tourism. The project also includes a comparison of the historical use of the landscape with the current condition and the determination of the degree of changes in landscape diversity and biodiversity (Maes et al., 2015).
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 12.12.2023
Research of biocultural values of landscape
Výskum biokultúrnych hodnôt krajiny
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Dobrovodská Marta PhD.
Annotation:Recently is increasing interest in research that can define habitats and landscape created by human culture and can determine ways that society uses to shape up its natural environment and is also shaped up by it (UNESCO 2007). Also is increasing demand for ensuring diversity in every dimension of life and its inclusion to political agenda. This requires revision of current strategy of biodiversity protection, which often omits highly rated areas in manused landscape and mostly focuses on protection of natural landscape. New concept of “biocultural diversity”, which points to connection between biological and cultural dimension of landscape, their interactions, connections, common development, threats and correlation with social and economical development of society, allows this change. The goal of the pilot project is to bring new qualitative and quantitative findings during the evaluation of connection between biological and cultural diversity and to define new principles of its protection.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021

The total number of projects: 7