National, non-university science and research institutions fulfil an important role in the most developed countries of the EU and the world. SAS, along with the academies of other central-European countries, has historically played an important leadership role in the research organisations of the country. The first mission of SAS is to carry out top-level basic research at the frontiers of knowledge that leads to new discoveries and concepts. The second mission of SAS is to make the scientific infrastructure for technically demanding research available to all interested parties, be it universities or other organisations of research and development. The third mission is long-term strategic and applied research and development, whereby SAS intensively and effectively co-operates with the business sector, the public sector, and civil society to transfer knowledge into practice.
A modern SAS must carry out all three of these missions. Exploratory frontier research must adhere to the highest international standards. SAS is developing a system for evaluating the quality of frontier research, and this system is applicable at a nationwide level. To ensure that an open science infrastructure develops, SAS is beginning work on a roadmap of the national research infrastructure, as well as on strategic plans for building a large infrastructure of European significance. One prerequisite of long-term strategic research in co-operation with the private sector is the transformation of SAS organisations into a public research institutions, which will allow the pooling of resources and personnel, the exploitation of intellectual property, patents, and licences, and the establishment of spin-offs and start-ups.
SAS also carries out activities that are not strictly scientific and do not constitute research, but in which the expertise of SAS is irreplaceable. For example, such services to the state and to society include monitoring earthquakes in the national network of seismic stations, creating the Encyclopaedia Beliana, creating a dictionary series, and creating and maintaining archives.
One important role of SAS is raising the young generation of scientists. Doctoral study in SAS is implemented in co-operation with universities and strives towards the highest possible level of autonomy. SAS is involved in the creation of the entire educational process.
SAS is a platform for co-operation and development of the best scientists in Slovakia. The Learned Society of Slovakia also plays a key role in this effort.
SAS is actively involved in the creation and implementation of a state science and technology policy, in co-operation with all relevant institutions.
(SAS Strategy 2030)