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Information Page of SAS Organisation


Institute of Landscape Ecology

International Projects

eLTER PPP - eLTER Preparatory Phase Project

eLTER Preparatory Phase Project

Duration: 1. 2. 2020 - 31. 1. 2025
Program: Horizont 2020
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš CSc.
Annotation:eLTER RI is a pan-European Research Infrastructure planned to be operational in 2027. It has been built on the basis of existing national investments over several decades in the context of dedicated networks and ecosystem, critical zone and socio-ecological research projects. 162 Research Performing Organisations support the eLTER RI Science Case through a signed MoU, and 19 countries (including Slovakia) have formally provided political support to establishment of eLTER RI. The eLTER RI intends to create scientifically sound information required in response to grand societal challenges, while working as a distributed RI in the most cost-efficient way. It will continuously enhance its services and in-situ facilities to meet the needs of stakeholders as to emerging research challenges. Thereby, it will bring Europe to a globally leading role in ecosystem sciences. eLTER PPP will establish the vision and mission, strategic collaboration schemes and impact analysis of the RI; plan, consolidate with shareholders and start to implement the governance structures, coordinate a smooth transition from preparation into operations by establishing a legal entity, and by clearly identifying risks and risk reduction measures; prepare the cost benefit analysis, full Cost Book of the RI, and the financial plans for the mid-term and long-term perspective, and consolidate them with the shareholders; conclude the requirements of the RI to be met by the Central Services, identify the host for the Head Office, and the scope and decision making processes for hosting other central service components; finalise the technical specifications of eLTER RI concerning National Research Infrastructure design, eLTER Standard Observations and site categories, and establish a site labelling process; and develop and set up communication, dissemination and marketing structures or seamless continuation in eLTER RI, and engaging the eLTER scientific user community and other user groups beyond the project life time.
Project web page:https://www.lter-europe.net/projects/PPP

eLTER PLUS - European long-term ecosystem, critical zone and socio-ecological systems research infrastructure PLUS

European long-term ecosystem, critical zone and socio-ecological systems research infrastructure PLUS

Duration: 1. 2. 2020 - 31. 1. 2025
Program: Horizont 2020
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš CSc.
Annotation:Progress in understanding, managing and securing current and future ecosystem functions and services is challenged by fragmented and dispersed ecosystem research, operated using narrow disciplinary perspectives that prevent a holistic understanding of complex eco- and socio-ecological systems. The emerging European Long-Term Ecosystem, critical zone and socio-ecological systems Research Infrastructure (eLTER RI) was evaluated by the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) as having high potential for closing this gap in the European RI landscape. The primary objective of eLTER PLUS is to open and expand the research capacities and impact of eLTER by engaging current and new users and developing the operations of cross- and transdisciplinary research, exemplified in eLTER Site and Platform design and the RI’s Standard Observation framework. eLTER PLUS will execute a performance test of the emerging RI and assess and strengthen its operations in real time. It will further advance community building and provisioning of services as pursued by the H2020-funded eLTER INFRAIA Starting Community project and related projects. Its focus is on making intensive use of 35 selected sites and platforms in terrestrial, freshwater and coastal ecosystems, combined with observational data from an additional 50 sites, for studying ecosystem and socio-ecological responses to globally-relevant environmental challenges in terms of ecosystem integrity and ecosystem services. Its Whole-Systems approach will derive meaningful scientific and policy-relevant information via co-designed, transdisciplinary research in collaboration with diverse stakeholders at local, regional and EU-scales. Concerted actions also focus on collaboration with peer RIs to maximize synergies, increase efficiencies and catalyze holistic understanding of ecosystem function, and on development of virtual laboratories where in-situ site data are linked with other data sources, e.g. Copernicus.
Project web page:https://www.lter-europe.net/projects/PLUS

ETC BD - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity - 2019-2021

Európske tématické centrum pre biologickú diverzitu - 2019-2021

Duration: 1. 1. 2019 - 31. 12. 2021
Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš CSc.
Annotation:ETC BD is a project of the European Environmental Agency. EEA‐ETC/BD work over the period 2019‐2021 will be largely framed on global level by the Convention on Biological Diversity and its Strategic Plan for 2011‐2020 and at EU level by the EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy. These policy elements are fully integrated in the EEA Multi‐annual Work Programme 2014‐2018 extended to 2020, which determine the ETC BD work plan. The ETC BD activities will be done in 5 work packages. WP1 (Monitoring, data, management and information systems) addresses the organisation of dataflows and the management of core datasets which will either directly feed the policy process or/and underpin the production of indicators and assessments. WP2 (Indicators) mainly addresses work to be done by ETC/BD as part of the SEBI collaborative process (Streamlined European Biodiversity Indicators). WP3 (Assessments) over the next period will be largely framed by targets 1 and 2 of the EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy. The evaluation of progress towards target 1 and its supporting actions will make use of information reported by Member States under the Nature Directives. A major piece of EEA‐ETC/BD work will be the preparation of the State of Nature report, to be published by end 2020. WP4 (Networking and policy support) covers networking with national authorities and experts under policy processes, whether at EU, pan‐European or global levels. WP5 is focused to the ETC BD management, capacity‐building and cross‐ETC cooperation.
Project web page:https://bd.eionet.europa.eu/

NEEMO EEIG 2019 - NEEMO EIG 2019 - Inter-institutional single framework contract for the provision of support for the monitoring of LIFE projects, communication about the LIFE programme and other related activities

NEEMO EIG 2019 - Multi-inštitucionálny rámcový kontrakt na poskytovanie podpory pre monitorovanie LIFE projektov, komunikáciu o LIFE programe a iné súvisiace aktivity

Duration: 1. 1. 2019 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: Multilaterálne - iné
Project leader: Mgr. Bezák Peter PhD.
Annotation:The NEEMO contract is focused mainly on monitoring of quality and professional and financial correctness of implementation of the EU co-funded projects of the LIFE programme in strands Nature, Environment and Climate Action. These projects support the enhancement of Natura 2000 network through concrete conservation actions, deal with various environmental issues or climate change adaptation and mitigation. Monitoring experts regularly check the implementation of projects in the field or beneficiaries’ premises, evaluate submitted project reports and provide any other required support related to the LIFE programme to the European Commission (DG Environment and EASME).
Project web page:https://neemo.eu/

SENSECO - Optical synergies for spatiotemporal sensing of scalable ecophysiological traits

Optické synergie pre priestorovo-časové snímanie škálovateľných ekofyziologických znakov

Duration: 4. 5. 2018 - 23. 10. 2022
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Halabuk Andrej PhD.
Annotation:Timely information about the landscape and vegetation significantly determine the quality of decision making in agriculture and forestry sector. Furthermore, spatio-temporal modelling of response and adaptability of agro-ecosystems to climate change and weather extremes supported by remote sensing is high on the agenda because of its significant social impact at national, European and international level. An integrated approach involving various scientific disciplines is crucial for this kind of research. Based on the newly built laboratories (laboratory of field measurements, laboratory of UAV and Earth Observation) Institute of Landscape Ecology (ILE SAS) is focused on the development of innovative remote sensing algorithms and spatio-temporal modelling of status of agro-ecosystems and vegetation at different scales (from plot level through the farm level, region level to the entire territory of Slovakia). Its development has been especially pronounced after the availability of new optical satellite data with better spectral and temporal resolution (Landsat 8, MODIS, Proba-V, Sentinel 2 and Sentinel3) that allow timely nationwide indicators of the condition of vegetation and land surface. ILE SAS has a great tradition of applied remote sensing in relation to assessment of vegetation response to climate change. ILE SAS has the ambition of enhancing research on this topic, based on historical research in applied remote sensing and GIS in vegetation ecology, ecosystem research and spatio-temporal modelling of vegetation. Within the proposed COST action ILE SAS will be mainly focused in development of standardized operating procedures and quality assurance methodologies based on short term missions within WG1 and inter-comparison exercises in WG2 both at field sites and in referenced laboratories in order to close the both scaling gap (WG1) and temporal gap (WG2).
Project web page:www.senseco.eu

PROCLIAS - Process-based models for climate impact attribution across sectors

Procesné modely pre atribúciu klimatických vplyvov naprieč odvetviami

Duration: 27. 10. 2020 - 26. 10. 2024
Program: COST
Project leader: Dr.nat.techn. Ing. Merganičová Katarína PhD.
Annotation:Many complex process-based models are available in Europe to project future climate impacts. Yet, the current climate impact research community is fragmented, modeling mostly individual systems. The integration of climate impacts across different natural and societal sectors is only slowly emerging. Likewise, attribution of impacts to climate and other factors is still a strongly under-researched field given that climate change is already strongly manifesting itself, an increasing number of court cases dealing with climate impacts is being negotiated and policy debates on loss and damage are intensifying. This lack of coordination amongst impact modelers and insufficient awareness about impact attribution methods hampers important scientific and political progress and more coordination and networking is urgently needed. Therefore, PROCLIAS aims to develop common protocols, harmonized datasets and a joint understanding of how to conduct cross-sectoral, multi-model climate impact studies at regional and global scales allowing for attribution of impacts of recent climatic changes and robust projections of future climate impacts. The Action will do so by focusing on key interactions of climate impacts across sectors, their accumulated effect, especially of extreme events, the attribution of impacts to climate change and the quantification of uncertainties. PROCLIAS will make use of all COST networking tools to train young researchers to conduct and analyse multi-model simulations in a cross-sectoral way, to support a common platform for collecting impact model simulations and methods for analyzing them and to disseminate the data, code and results to scientists as well as, in a more synthesized form, to stakeholders.
Project web page:https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA19139/#tabs|Name:Description

REGATA - Atmoheric Deposition of Heavy Metals in Industrial Areas of Slovakia Studied by the Moss Biomonitoring Technique Employing Nuclear and Related Analytical Techniques and GIS Technology

Štúdium atmosférickej depozície ťažkých kovov v priemyselných regiónoch Slovenska pomocou biomonitorovacích techník, metód jadrovej fyziky a technológií GIS

Duration: 1. 11. 2020 - 31. 12. 2021
Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: RNDr. Borovská Jana PhD.

DREAM SK-AT - Danube River Research and Management in Slovakia and Austria

Výskum a manažment rieky Dunaj na Slovensku a v Rakúsku

Duration: 1. 1. 2016 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
Project leader: Mgr. Kenderessy Pavol Ph.D.
Annotation:The aims are to establish joint research facilities, to enhance knowledge transfer and to develop innovative monitoring and modelling tools in the SK-AT border region. By enhancing knowledge transfer and capacity building between research bodies and universities, the project will lead to an improved cooperation and exchange of expertise between research and innovation actors using newly constructed and upgraded research infrastructures (RI). New monitoring stations as well as innovative monitoring techniques (e.g. operative boat) and modelling tools concerning hydrodynamics, sediment transport, morphodynamics, ecological parameters and remote sensing technologies in river and wetland science will lead to high quality and comparable data derived at the Danube River in the project reaches (cross border region and adjacent reaches). A guidance document of monitoring and modelling tools will be published and available for the target groups. In SK (VÚVH) the hydraulic engineering laboratory (discharge 1,5 m³/s) will be modernized and upgraded according to the state of the art together with laboratory of geoinformatics and advanced river remote sensing (ILE SAS). In AT a hydraulic engineering laboratory will be constructed with 10 m³/s free flowing discharge. By using these RIs, the scientific basis for improving the Danube river management between Vienna and Bratislava will be developed, being available for target groups working in navigation, flood risk management, ecology, hydropower and drinking water supply. Furthermore, a close exchange of undergraduate and doctoral students and teachers between BOKU, VUVH and ILE SAS will be initiated and the research facilities will be jointly used for common teaching and research activities, also beyond the lifetime of the project.

National Projects

Diversity of grassland habitats in Slovakia after two decades in the EU

Diverzita lúčnych a pasienkových biotopov Slovenska po dvoch dekádach v Európskej únii

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Špulerová Jana PhD.

Ecological Analyses of Landscape Acculturation in Slovakia since Early Prehistory until Today

Ekologické analýzy akulturácie krajiny Slovenska od mladšieho praveku dodnes

Duration: 1. 1. 2019 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Piscová Veronika PhD.
Annotation:Human impact on landscape of Slovakia is manifested more markedly since the Neolithic period (New Stone Age). Acculturation processes such as mutual adoption and merging different cultures and process of social and cultural changes accompany people throughout their history and reflect on the environment (Škvarna, 2007). The human impact on the landscape may appear at first positive, but it may have a negative influence on the nature itself and finally on people as well (Erten, Van Deb Berg, Weissing 2007). For this reason, it is important to analyze the impact of landscape changes on people and also on natural ecosystems. The aim of this project is to reconstruct the landscape in several periods of historical and archaeological past and to evaluate the consequences of human activity in the model areas. An important role will be played by the confrontation of the evolution of settlement and vegetation changes in the territories in the same chronological sections.

Ecological relationships in the system host-parasitoid

Ekologické vzťahy v systéme hostiteľ-parazitoid

Duration: 1. 1. 2020 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Gajdoš Peter CSc.
Annotation:Study of the relationships between organisms is a basic prerequisite for understanding of evolution. Host-parasitoid interactions are an attractive area of research for evolutionary biologists. Only a small proportion of known parasitoid groups are associated with a dangerous host type. The exceptions are wasps from Polysphincta group (Hymenoptera). The project will evaluate ecological and behavioural data in both organism. The research will be studied under the conditions of forest ecotones, where the impact of ecological factors (altitude gradient, habitat type and woody species, exposure) on arachnid communities and their parasitoids will be evaluated. The impact of management (conventional vs organic farming) on arachnid communities and their parasitoids in orchards and viticultural landscape will be investigated. The host spectrum and parasitoid manipulation will be tested experimentally. New knowledge about their biology and ecology is expected to allow a better understanding of the evolution of interactions between these highly interconnected organisms.

Historical and present changes in the landscape diversity and biodiversity caused by natural and anthropogenic factors

Historické a súčasné zmeny krajinnej diverzity a biodiverzity vplyvom pôsobenia prírodných a antropogénnych faktorov

Duration: 1. 1. 2018 - 31. 12. 2021
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Barančok Peter CSc.
Annotation:In the natural environment, there are constantly running processes that affect the character of the landscape or intensity of natural environmental factors and form the overall state of the environment. These processes naturally influence and change landscape diversity and biodiversity. Man intervenes into these natural procsses in a significant way and anthropogenic impacts on the landscape and biodiversity nowadays outweigh the impacts resulting from the natural development of the areas. The project focuses on the assessment of landscape and biodiversity changes in selected areas affected by the effects of natural and anthropogenic stress factors in a different time periods. Attention will be paid to the differentiation of landscape diversity and biodiversity changes that were caused by the natural development of the landscape, global factors impact and the influence of man in the country ? since the first settlement, through changes in the way and intensity of the landscape use.

Demetra - Assessment of recent changes and trends in agricultural landscape of Slovakia (Demetra)

Hodnotenie novodobých zmien a vývojových trendov poľnohospodárskej krajiny Slovenska (Demetra)

Duration: 1. 8. 2018 - 30. 6. 2022
Program: APVV
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš CSc.
Annotation:The project responds to insufficiently known consequences of the current rapid and extensive changes of agricultural landscape (AL). The aim is to evaluate the extent and distribution of the recent changes in the AL use in Slovakia after r. 1990, their trends and impacts on main functions and depending ecosystem services. The project is based on the DPSIR concept that evaluates environmental context of human activities in the form of a causal chain, following the causes, conditions and consequences. The main original features of the project is a comprehensive approach with the analysis and evaluation of natural and socio-economic factors, with emphasis of internationally established indicators use, analysis of trends and formulation of possible future scenarios, interconnection of multiple spatial levels, the combination of analytical procedures with empirical knowledge and stakeholder involvement. The project is planned for 48 months (07/2018-06/2022). It will develop special methods, procedures and indicators to be applied at national level and in local case studies in all major types of AL. In addition to scientific contribution, the project will also propose measures, tools and procedures for decision-making and planning of the sustainable use of AL.

Implementation of Agenda 2030 through biosphere reserves

Implementácia Agendy 2030 prostredníctvom biosférických rezervácií

Duration: 1. 7. 2021 - 30. 6. 2025
Program: APVV
Project leader: Mgr. Piscová Veronika PhD.
Annotation:The aim of the project is to create a proposal for a sustainable institutional, financial and legislative model of biosphere reserves in the Slovak Republic and the fundamental framework of their strategic development based on analysis of territorial potential in the context of meeting the objectives of Agenda 2030, resilience theory, foreign experience and examples of good practice. The model will reflect the outputs of the analysis of all components of the potential of four Slovak biosphere reserves in the context of the resilience theory and goals of Agenda 2030. It will develop to the individual business model of each biosphere reserve. It will also include the methodology of creating development documents for biosphere reserves (development strategy, action plan and marketing communication strategy) all four biosphere reserves, taking into account the latest trends in spatial development, promoting the resilience of the areas studied and preserving their exceptional value on a global scale. The project will also include activities aimed at raising awareness among professionals and the general public about the issue, popularizing the project results and exchanging knowledge, ideas and experience with actors from the public, private and non-profit sectors in the form of workshops, conferences, public debates, lectures, conference papers and high quality research outputs.

ECOTOUR - Integration of supply of selected ecosystem services for societal demand in terms of developing sustainable forms of tourism

Integrácia poskytovania vybraných služieb ekosystémov pre spoločenský dopyt z hľadiska rozvoja udržateľných foriem cestovného ruchu

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 12. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Krnáčová Zdena PhD.
Annotation:The scientific aim of the project is the development and creation of new methods of evaluation of cultural, selected regulating and supporting services of ecosystems using quantification techniques, such as landscape supplies for demand in terms of development of sustainable forms of tourism. From a methodological point of view, we will use several methods, like the Spreadsheet-Type method (Burkhard et al., 2009, 2014, Mederly et al., 2019, Nuegarten et al., 2018, Maes, 2012b, 2013) as a basis and assess the degree of hemerobia and landscape-ecology importance of landscape cover according to authors Krnáčová, Barančok, Pavličková (2018), where we evaluate the biophysical characteristics of elements. This methodology allows to design a suitable and sensitive type of tourism. The project also includes a comparison of the historical use of the landscape with the current condition and the determination of the degree of changes in landscape diversity and biodiversity (Maes et al., 2015).

Landscape-ecological aspects of green and blue infrastructure in creation of an optimal spatial basis for ecologically stable areas in urban landscape.

Krajinnoekologické aspekty zelenej a modrej infraštruktúry pri tvorbe optimálneho priestorového základu ekologicky stabilných plôch v urbanizovanej krajine

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Moyzeová Milena PhD.
Annotation:Topical theme of the current research both in our country and in the world is the issue of green (G) and blue (B) infrastructures. Their task is to support and conserve landscape biodiversity and diversity, polyfunctional land use, protection of landscape elements and conservation of important landscape elements. The aim of the project is to prepare the assessment methodology of G and B infrastructures in a settled environment by interdisciplinary scientific research; to produce a specialized methodical tool applicable to planning practices on local level. Apart from the assessment of green and blue infrastructure the partial aim will be the assessment of grey infrastructure associated with the development of settlements and communications as part of comprehensive assessment for resulting proposals. Protection of natural and semi-natural and man-made ecosystems is compulsory for conservation of bio production, environmental and socio-economic functions and general life forms and conditions in urban landscape.

URANOS - Scientific support of climate change adaptation in agriculture and mitigation of soil degradation.

Údajová a vedomostná podpora pre systémy rozhodovania a strategického plánovania v oblasti adaptácie poľnohospodárskej krajiny na klimatické zmeny a minimalizáciu degradácie poľnohospodárskych pôd

Duration: 3. 4. 2020 - 30. 6. 2023
Program: Štrukturálne fondy EÚ Výskum a vývoj
Project leader: Mgr. Halabuk Andrej PhD.

Research of biocultural values of landscape

Výskum biokultúrnych hodnôt krajiny

Duration: 1. 1. 2018 - 31. 12. 2021
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Dobrovodská Marta PhD.
Annotation:Recently is increasing interest in research that can define habitats and landscape created by human culture and can determine ways that society uses to shape up its natural environment and is also shaped up by it (UNESCO 2007). Also is increasing demand for ensuring diversity in every dimension of life and its inclusion to political agenda. This requires revision of current strategy of biodiversity protection, which often omits highly rated areas in manused landscape and mostly focuses on protection of natural landscape. New concept of “biocultural diversity”, which points to connection between biological and cultural dimension of landscape, their interactions, connections, common development, threats and correlation with social and economical development of society, allows this change. The goal of the pilot project is to bring new qualitative and quantitative findings during the evaluation of connection between biological and cultural diversity and to define new principles of its protection.

Evolution of soil properties and vegetation on the former agricultural land

Vývoj pôdnych vlastností a vegetácie

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Kollár Jozef PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on the evolution of soil properties and vegetation in the abandoned agricultural land

Projects total: 19