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Project

Institute of Landscape Ecology

International Projects

eLTER PPP - eLTER Preparatory Phase Project

eLTER Preparatory Phase Project

Duration: 1. 2. 2020 - 31. 1. 2025
Program: Horizont 2020
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš CSc.
Annotation:eLTER RI is a pan-European Research Infrastructure planned to be operational in 2027. It has been built on the basis of existing national investments over several decades in the context of dedicated networks and ecosystem, critical zone and socio-ecological research projects. 162 Research Performing Organisations support the eLTER RI Science Case through a signed MoU, and 19 countries (including Slovakia) have formally provided political support to establishment of eLTER RI. The eLTER RI intends to create scientifically sound information required in response to grand societal challenges, while working as a distributed RI in the most cost-efficient way. It will continuously enhance its services and in-situ facilities to meet the needs of stakeholders as to emerging research challenges. Thereby, it will bring Europe to a globally leading role in ecosystem sciences. eLTER PPP will establish the vision and mission, strategic collaboration schemes and impact analysis of the RI; plan, consolidate with shareholders and start to implement the governance structures, coordinate a smooth transition from preparation into operations by establishing a legal entity, and by clearly identifying risks and risk reduction measures; prepare the cost benefit analysis, full Cost Book of the RI, and the financial plans for the mid-term and long-term perspective, and consolidate them with the shareholders; conclude the requirements of the RI to be met by the Central Services, identify the host for the Head Office, and the scope and decision making processes for hosting other central service components; finalise the technical specifications of eLTER RI concerning National Research Infrastructure design, eLTER Standard Observations and site categories, and establish a site labelling process; and develop and set up communication, dissemination and marketing structures or seamless continuation in eLTER RI, and engaging the eLTER scientific user community and other user groups beyond the project life time.
Project web page:https://www.lter-europe.net/projects/PPP

eLTER PLUS - European long-term ecosystem, critical zone and socio-ecological systems research infrastructure PLUS

European long-term ecosystem, critical zone and socio-ecological systems research infrastructure PLUS

Duration: 1. 2. 2020 - 31. 1. 2025
Program: Horizont 2020
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš CSc.
Annotation:Progress in understanding, managing and securing current and future ecosystem functions and services is challenged by fragmented and dispersed ecosystem research, operated using narrow disciplinary perspectives that prevent a holistic understanding of complex eco- and socio-ecological systems. The emerging European Long-Term Ecosystem, critical zone and socio-ecological systems Research Infrastructure (eLTER RI) was evaluated by the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) as having high potential for closing this gap in the European RI landscape. The primary objective of eLTER PLUS is to open and expand the research capacities and impact of eLTER by engaging current and new users and developing the operations of cross- and transdisciplinary research, exemplified in eLTER Site and Platform design and the RI’s Standard Observation framework. eLTER PLUS will execute a performance test of the emerging RI and assess and strengthen its operations in real time. It will further advance community building and provisioning of services as pursued by the H2020-funded eLTER INFRAIA Starting Community project and related projects. Its focus is on making intensive use of 35 selected sites and platforms in terrestrial, freshwater and coastal ecosystems, combined with observational data from an additional 50 sites, for studying ecosystem and socio-ecological responses to globally-relevant environmental challenges in terms of ecosystem integrity and ecosystem services. Its Whole-Systems approach will derive meaningful scientific and policy-relevant information via co-designed, transdisciplinary research in collaboration with diverse stakeholders at local, regional and EU-scales. Concerted actions also focus on collaboration with peer RIs to maximize synergies, increase efficiencies and catalyze holistic understanding of ecosystem function, and on development of virtual laboratories where in-situ site data are linked with other data sources, e.g. Copernicus.
Project web page:https://www.lter-europe.net/projects/PLUS

SatZones - Satellite-based delineation of yield productivity zones for Slovak crop fields

Identifikácia výnosových zón na poľnohospodárskych pozemkoch s využitím satelitných údajov

Duration: 15. 2. 2022 - 31. 7. 2023
Program: European Space Agency (ESA)
Project leader: Mgr. Kenderessy Pavol PhD.
Annotation:The delineation of "quasi homogenous" management zones is the basis of the precision agriculture (PA) practices, addressing the within-field variability of crop status and crop yield. Many ground-based methods exist for the delineation of management zones, though, due to the complexity and costs, they are not commonly applied in Slovak agricultural sector. On the other hand, cost-effective satellite-based approaches for identifying so-called yield productivity zones have been recently introduced. Yield productivity zones represent highly productive, respectively less productive zones within field parcels. In particular, the time-series approaches using satellite-based vegetation indices with relevant spatial and temporal resolutions (e.g. Sentinel2 or Landsat products) may identify stable recurring crop status patterns, resulting in identifying yield productivity zones. Though many services exist based on a user request basis, a "broad-scale full coverage" delivery of yield productivity zones in an automated manner is still rare. We aim to develop such a system to enhance satellite-based (later referred as EO based) agricultural services for "literally" 61 000 field parcels, a substantial number of Slovak farmers, and finally for the all ”digital farming” industry. The main technical objective of the project is development of the automated processor for creation of yield productivity zones at broader scale. Furthermore, EO-based service for farmers based on this processor will be designed. The end goal of the proposal is enhancement of the EO-based services for agriculture and precision farming.

CHIME_NPV - Towards quantification of non-photosynthetic vegetation from Copernicus Hyperspectral Imaging Mission for the Environment

Kvantifikácia nefotosyntetickej vegetácie z budúcej misie Copernicus Hyperspectral Imaging Mission for the Environment

Duration: 2. 4. 2022 - 1. 3. 2024
Program: European Space Agency (ESA)
Project leader: Mgr. Halabuk Andrej PhD.
Annotation:The project activities represent a feasibility study of imaging spectroscopy's added value for NPV mapping in agricultural landscapes. Current state-of-the-art approaches are explored followed by set of empirical analyses and tests for effective retrieval algorithms and mapping using PRISMA and EnMAP products. In addition, NPV-relevant data are continuously collected through dedicated field campaigns of varying scales (plot to region wide).

NEEMO EEIG 2019 - NEEMO EIG 2019 - Inter-institutional single framework contract for the provision of support for the monitoring of LIFE projects, communication about the LIFE programme and other related activities

NEEMO EIG 2019 - Multi-inštitucionálny rámcový kontrakt na poskytovanie podpory pre monitorovanie LIFE projektov, komunikáciu o LIFE programe a iné súvisiace aktivity

Duration: 1. 1. 2019 - 30. 4. 2023
Program: Multilaterálne - iné
Project leader: Mgr. Bezák Peter PhD.
Annotation:The NEEMO contract is focused mainly on monitoring of quality and professional and financial correctness of implementation of the EU co-funded projects of the LIFE programme in strands Nature, Environment and Climate Action. These projects support the enhancement of Natura 2000 network through concrete conservation actions, deal with various environmental issues or climate change adaptation and mitigation. Monitoring experts regularly check the implementation of projects in the field or beneficiaries’ premises, evaluate submitted project reports and provide any other required support related to the LIFE programme to the European Commission (DG Environment and EASME).
Project web page:https://neemo.eu/

PEOPLE-EA - PEOPLE Ecosystem Accounting

PEOPLE Ecosystem Accounting

Duration: 1. 6. 2022 - 31. 3. 2024
Program: European Space Agency (ESA)
Project leader: Mgr. Černecký Ján PhD.
Annotation:The main goal of the international project PEOPLE Ecosystem Accounting (PEOPLE-EA) is to study the importance of remote sensing of the Earth for the purposes of introducing ecosystem accounting and to demonstrate the current possibilities of using remote sensing for terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems. The PEOPLE-EA project seeks to demonstrate the increasing value of remote sensing data in order to support the implementation of ecosystem accounting at the national level of EU member states.

PROCLIAS - Process-based models for climate impact attribution across sectors

Procesné modely pre atribúciu klimatických vplyvov naprieč odvetviami

Duration: 27. 10. 2020 - 26. 10. 2024
Program: COST
Project leader: Dr.nat.techn. Ing. Merganičová Katarína PhD.
Annotation:Many complex process-based models are available in Europe to project future climate impacts. Yet, the current climate impact research community is fragmented, modeling mostly individual systems. The integration of climate impacts across different natural and societal sectors is only slowly emerging. Likewise, attribution of impacts to climate and other factors is still a strongly under-researched field given that climate change is already strongly manifesting itself, an increasing number of court cases dealing with climate impacts is being negotiated and policy debates on loss and damage are intensifying. This lack of coordination amongst impact modelers and insufficient awareness about impact attribution methods hampers important scientific and political progress and more coordination and networking is urgently needed. Therefore, PROCLIAS aims to develop common protocols, harmonized datasets and a joint understanding of how to conduct cross-sectoral, multi-model climate impact studies at regional and global scales allowing for attribution of impacts of recent climatic changes and robust projections of future climate impacts. The Action will do so by focusing on key interactions of climate impacts across sectors, their accumulated effect, especially of extreme events, the attribution of impacts to climate change and the quantification of uncertainties. PROCLIAS will make use of all COST networking tools to train young researchers to conduct and analyse multi-model simulations in a cross-sectoral way, to support a common platform for collecting impact model simulations and methods for analyzing them and to disseminate the data, code and results to scientists as well as, in a more synthesized form, to stakeholders.
Project web page:https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA19139/#tabs|Name:Description

National Projects

Diversity of grassland habitats in Slovakia after two decades in the EU

Diverzita lúčnych a pasienkových biotopov Slovenska po dvoch dekádach v Európskej únii

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Špulerová Jana PhD.
Annotation:The landuse changes dynamicaly in time and these changes reflect in the vegetation composition and structure. The changes in the agricultural landscape are significantly influenced by the agricultural subsidies received in Slovakia since 2004 when the country joined the European Union. The aim of the project is to asses the changes in the floristic composition and functional traits of the grassland habitats of European and national importance using the resampling of phytosociological relevés. Based on the results we will asses the effectiveness and impact of agricultural subsidies on recent state of the studied habitats. At the same time, we will continue testing the influence of various management techniques in the permanent plots on composition of grassland vegetation. The results of our research may be used by the State Conservancy Agency and will serve as a basis for optimisation of management measures for maintaining the favourable condition of grassland habitats of European and national importance.

Long-term changes of atmospheric pollution and their impact to ecosystems

Dlhodobé zmeny znečistenia ovzdušia a ich dopad na ekosystémy

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš CSc.
Annotation:The project will assess long-term changes in air pollution and their impacts on selected ecosystems. The first project theme is study of changes in atmospheric deposition using bryophytes as pollutant accumulators. We will continue in former several decades lasting research using the ICP Vegetation methodology. We will develop pollution maps for Slovakia and assess impacts on humans and ecosystems. At the Báb LTER site, we will continue the study of pollutants accumulation in bryophytes, tree leaves and soil of forest ecosystem. The second theme is an experimental study of impacts of elevated temperature and nitrogen and phosphorus deposition on the ecosystem of alpine grasslands in the LTER sites Jalovecká dolina (since 2002; phosphorus and 3 nitrogen concentrations; since 2009 also ecosystem regeneration) and Kráľova hoľa (since 2009; temperature rise, nitrogen deposition and their combination). We will repeat all previous measurements, assess changes and impacts on the ecosystem structure and functioning.

Ecological relationships in the system host-parasitoid

Ekologické vzťahy v systéme hostiteľ-parazitoid

Duration: 1. 1. 2020 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Gajdoš Peter CSc.
Annotation:Study of the relationships between organisms is a basic prerequisite for understanding of evolution. Host-parasitoid interactions are an attractive area of research for evolutionary biologists. Only a small proportion of known parasitoid groups are associated with a dangerous host type. The exceptions are wasps from Polysphincta group (Hymenoptera). The project will evaluate ecological and behavioural data in both organism. The research will be studied under the conditions of forest ecotones, where the impact of ecological factors (altitude gradient, habitat type and woody species, exposure) on arachnid communities and their parasitoids will be evaluated. The impact of management (conventional vs organic farming) on arachnid communities and their parasitoids in orchards and viticultural landscape will be investigated. The host spectrum and parasitoid manipulation will be tested experimentally. New knowledge about their biology and ecology is expected to allow a better understanding of the evolution of interactions between these highly interconnected organisms.

BIO RESERVE - Implementation of Agenda 2030 through biosphere reserves

Implementácia Agendy 2030 prostredníctvom biosférických rezervácií

Duration: 1. 7. 2021 - 30. 6. 2025
Program: APVV
Project leader: Mgr. Piscová Veronika PhD.
Annotation:The aim of the project is to create a proposal for a sustainable institutional, financial and legislative model of biosphere reserves in the Slovak Republic and the fundamental framework of their strategic development based on analysis of territorial potential in the context of meeting the objectives of Agenda 2030, resilience theory, foreign experience and examples of good practice. The model will reflect the outputs of the analysis of all components of the potential of four Slovak biosphere reserves in the context of the resilience theory and goals of Agenda 2030. It will develop to the individual business model of each biosphere reserve. It will also include the methodology of creating development documents for biosphere reserves (development strategy, action plan and marketing communication strategy) all four biosphere reserves, taking into account the latest trends in spatial development, promoting the resilience of the areas studied and preserving their exceptional value on a global scale. The project will also include activities aimed at raising awareness among professionals and the general public about the issue, popularizing the project results and exchanging knowledge, ideas and experience with actors from the public, private and non-profit sectors in the form of workshops, conferences, public debates, lectures, conference papers and high quality research outputs.

ECOTOUR - Integration of supply of selected ecosystem services for societal demand in terms of developing sustainable forms of tourism

Integrácia poskytovania vybraných služieb ekosystémov pre spoločenský dopyt z hľadiska rozvoja udržateľných foriem cestovného ruchu

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 12. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Krnáčová Zdena PhD.
Annotation:The scientific aim of the project is the development and creation of new methods of evaluation of cultural, selected regulating and supporting services of ecosystems using quantification techniques, such as landscape supplies for demand in terms of development of sustainable forms of tourism. From a methodological point of view, we will use several methods, like the Spreadsheet-Type method (Burkhard et al., 2009, 2014, Mederly et al., 2019, Nuegarten et al., 2018, Maes, 2012b, 2013) as a basis and assess the degree of hemerobia and landscape-ecology importance of landscape cover according to authors Krnáčová, Barančok, Pavličková (2018), where we evaluate the biophysical characteristics of elements. This methodology allows to design a suitable and sensitive type of tourism. The project also includes a comparison of the historical use of the landscape with the current condition and the determination of the degree of changes in landscape diversity and biodiversity (Maes et al., 2015).

Landscape-ecological aspects of green and blue infrastructure in creation of an optimal spatial basis for ecologically stable areas in urban landscape.

Krajinnoekologické aspekty zelenej a modrej infraštruktúry pri tvorbe optimálneho priestorového základu ekologicky stabilných plôch v urbanizovanej krajine

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Moyzeová Milena PhD.
Annotation:Topical theme of the current research both in our country and in the world is the issue of green (G) and blue (B) infrastructures. Their task is to support and conserve landscape biodiversity and diversity, polyfunctional land use, protection of landscape elements and conservation of important landscape elements. The aim of the project is to prepare the assessment methodology of G and B infrastructures in a settled environment by interdisciplinary scientific research; to produce a specialized methodical tool applicable to planning practices on local level. Apart from the assessment of green and blue infrastructure the partial aim will be the assessment of grey infrastructure associated with the development of settlements and communications as part of comprehensive assessment for resulting proposals. Protection of natural and semi-natural and man-made ecosystems is compulsory for conservation of bio production, environmental and socio-economic functions and general life forms and conditions in urban landscape.

ENVIRO PLUS - Supporting the R&D activities of a unique research team

Podpora výskumno-vývojových aktivít jedinečného riešiteľského tímu

Duration: 27. 9. 2022 - 30. 9. 2023
Program: Európsky fond regionálneho rozvoja (EFRR)
Project leader: Mgr. Kalivoda Henrik PhD.
Annotation:The main objective of the project is to support research and development activities of the unique research team of non-business research organizations ILE SAS and Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra and the company ESPRIT Ltd focused on the knowledge area of environmental engineering. The project topics are focused on product lines in the domain of Healthy Food and Environment: 1) Systems for the protection of agricultural and forest soils against degradation 2) Systems and technologies for preventing the negative impacts of climate change in agriculture and forestry.
Project web page:https://www.uke.sav.sk/veda-a-vyskum/projekty/strukturalne-fondy-2/enviro-plus/

CALTER - Soil carbon fluxes in dominant forest ecosystems along elevation gradient in the Western Carpathians

Toky uhlíka v pôde hlavných typov lesných ekosystémov na výškovom gradiente Západných Karpát.

Duration: 1. 7. 2022 - 30. 6. 2025
Program: APVV
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš CSc.
Annotation:Forest stores more than 70% of global soil carbon (C) and plays a central role in soil surface-atmosphere exchange of greenhouse gases. Due to the amount of C stored in the soil, it is essential to recognize that even a small change within this pool could significantly feedback the earth system. Soil organic carbon occurs in diverse forms, which according to the stability, can be divided into an active (labile) fraction, whose persistence time varies from a few weeks to a few months, and a stable fraction, which can persist in the soil for many years or even centuries. Soil loses C by two main processes - respiration and leaching. Both of them show complex spatio-temporal biophysical controls that vary on different scales as a consequence of changes in biotic (plant or microbial community) and abiotic (e.g., soil temperature, soil moisture, soil texture) factors. Soil respiration (Rs) consists of the two main components - heterotrophic (Rh) and autotrophic respiration (Ra), which respond differently to changes in influencing factors. The elevation is a key driver of climate properties playing an essential role in soil carbon content and fluxes. The main aim of our project is to identify C loss by respiration and leaching and to identify their driving factors along an elevation gradient representing the main forest communities in the Western Carpathians. Study plots are located in sites dedicated to long-term ecological research (LTER Slovakia). Possible impact of elevated temperature on soil C fluxes will be studied in open-top greenhouses. For reliable estimation of naturally very variable soil C fluxes we will optimize sampling strategy for each studied ecosystem by spatial stratification and by adjustment of measuring frequency.
Project web page:n/a

URANOS - Scientific support of climate change adaptation in agriculture and mitigation of soil degradation.

Údajová a vedomostná podpora pre systémy rozhodovania a strategického plánovania v oblasti adaptácie poľnohospodárskej krajiny na klimatické zmeny a minimalizáciu degradácie poľnohospodárskych pôd

Duration: 3. 4. 2020 - 30. 6. 2023
Program: Štrukturálne fondy EÚ Výskum a vývoj
Project leader: Mgr. Halabuk Andrej PhD.

Research of specific landscape elements of bio-cultural landscape in Slovaki

Výskum špecifických prvkov biokultúrnej krajiny na Slovensku

Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2025
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Dobrovodská Marta PhD.
Annotation:In a broader sense, it is possible to perceive landscape as mainly bio-cultural and multi-functional, as it constantly adapts to the economic, social, cultural and environmental processes in time and space. The result is formation of bio-cultural systems providing a crucial and effective space for the integration of biological and cultural elements that significantly affect individual bio-cultural systems. The project will focus on development of methodology for detailed interdisciplinary and integrated research of biotic and social-cultural elements and their interrelationships in valuable bio-cultural systems in Slovakia using indicators of biotic and cultural diversity as well as research of extent and structure changes of forms of traditional agrarian relief. Special attention will be paid to identification of change factors (driving forces, global megatrends) of the most valuable bio-cultural systems and determination of selected benefits, which provide for society.

Evolution of soil properties and vegetation on the former agricultural land

Vývoj pôdnych vlastností a vegetácie na bývalej poľnohospodárskej pôde

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Kollár Jozef PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on the evolution of soil properties and vegetation in the abandoned agricultural land

Changes in landscape diversity and biodiversity in mountain and alpine areas of the Western Carpathians

Zmeny krajinnej diverzity a biodiverzity v horských a vysokohorských oblastiach Západných Karpát

Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2025
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Barančok Peter CSc.
Annotation:The Western Carpathians cover a significant part of Slovakia. The country is characterised by mountain and alpine areas with their typical landscape structure with various representation of forest and non-forest habitats. Natural and anthropogenic conditioned factors play a significant role in formation of the landscape character. The processes in the natural environment constantly influence landscape diversity and biodiversity, and nowadays, anthropogenic impacts are more and more significant. The project focuses on the assessment of landscape and biodiversity changes in selected areas affected by the effects of natural and anthropogenous stress factors in different time periods. Attention will be paid to the differentiation of landscape diversity and biodiversity changes that were caused by the natural development of the landscape, global factors impact, and the influence of man in the country. Anthropogenic impact will be assessed from the point of view of man`s historical activity in the country, the way and intensity of the land use, to the present-day impact affecting the overall status of the natural environment.

Projects total: 19