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Institute of Landscape Ecology

International projects

eLTER - European Long-Term Ecosystem and Socio-Ecological Research Infrastructure — eLTER
Európska infraštruktúra pre dlhodobý ekosystémový a socioekologický výskum - eLTER
Program: Horizont 2020
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš CSc.
Annotation:The overall aim of the eLTER project is to advance the European network of Long-Term Ecosystem Research sites and socio-ecological research platforms to provide highest quality services for multiple use of a distributed research infrastructure. eLTER ́s major objectives and methods are to: (1) identify user needs for the research infrastructure in relation to major societal challenges through consultations with scientific, policy and business stakeholders and horizon scanning; (2) streamline the design of a cost-efficient pan-European network, able to address multiple ecosystem research issues, in collaboration with related global and European research infrastructures, e.g. LifeWatch; (3) develop the organisational framework for data integration and enable virtual access to the LTER data by enabling data publishing through distributed Data Nodes and by providing access to data on key research challenges through a Data Integration Platform; (4) foster the societal relevance, usability and multiple use of information, data and services through new partnerships with the providers of remotely sensed data, analytical services and scenario testing models, and via the adoption of new measurement technologies. The LTER-Europe network and the European Critical Zone community will collaborate to achieve these goals. 162 sites in 22 countries will provide data on long-term trends in environmental change, some reaching back 100 years. Test cases using these data will address a range of environmental and social issues to push innovation in network level services and steer conceptual developments. The envisaged “LTER Infrastructure” will enable European-scale investigation of major ecosystems and socio-ecological systems, and support knowledge-based decision making at multiple levels.
Project web page:
Duration: 1.6.2015 - 31.5.2019

ETC BD - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity
Európske tematické centrum pre biologickú diverzitu
Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš CSc.
Annotation:The European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (ETC/BD) is established to support the work of EEA in the field of biodiversity for the period 2014-18 and the implementation of the EU Action Plan on Biodiversity and related global strategies. Key priority areas included in the work plans established between the EEA and the European Commission include: • Support implementation of existing EU legislation relating to nature (Habitats and Birds Directives), including links to other key EU legislation concerning the sea and water, rationalization of the data collection, reporting and sharing of experience and knowledge; • Support for assessment and reporting in connection with the global- and the EU biodiversity strategies, while promoting the implementation of data and information aspects, in particular the mapping and assessment of the health of ecosystems and their services in Europe; • Work on specific tasks relating to the EU's biodiversity strategy in sectors that are not covered by other ETCs. These include agriculture and forestry. The cooperation with the JRC, DG AGRI, and other pan-European and global partners in these issues is needed.
Project web page:
Duration: 1.1.2014 - 31.12.2018

Landscape Europe
Landscape Europe
Program: Multilaterálne - iné
Project leader: Mgr. Bezák Peter PhD.
Annotation:LANDSCAPE EUROPE is an interdisciplinary network of national research institutes with expertise in landscape assessment, planning and management at the interface of policy implementation, education and state-of-the-art science in support of sustainable landscapes
Project web page:
Duration: 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2018

NEEMO - Monitoring of LIFE projects (action grants and operating grants), communication about the LIFE programme and other linked activities- NEEMO EEIG
Monitorovanie LIFE projektov, komunikácia o LIFE programe a o iných aktivitách spojených s LIFE programom - NEEMO EEIG
Program: Multilaterálne - iné
Project leader: Ing. Oszlányi Július CSc.
Annotation:The project is focused mainly on monitoring of quality and professional and financial correctness of implementation of the EU co-funded projects of the LIFE programme in strands Environment and Climate Action. These projects support the development of Natura 2000 network through concrete conservation actions or deal with various environmental issues. They usually last from three to five years. NEEMO EEIG consortium comprises 9 companies and institutes spread across the Europe, enabling the consortium to make the best use of its resources, and to provide expertise combined with local knowledge and the necessary language skills. Monitoring experts regularly check the implementation of projects in the field or beneficiary premises and submit evaluation reports to the European Commission, DG Environment.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

ENI_SEIS - Support for the implementation of the ENI-SEIS II East 2017-2018 Regional and National Work Plan in assisting reporting to Emerald Network
Podpora pre implementáciu regionálneho a národného plánu ENI-SEIS II East 2017-2018 v podpore podávania správ pre sieť Emerald
Program: Iné
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš CSc.
Annotation:The project is aimed to provide scientific and technical support to the six countries of Eastern Europe (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine) to strengthen their environmental monitoring and information management on the basis of the SEIS principles. As far as biodiversity is concerned, this implies support for the implementation of the Emerald Network under the Berne Convention. The project includes following activities: - Regional workshops on reporting requirements. Two workshops are expected with focus to reporting requirements based on international standards and developing of distributional maps for species and habitats; - Biogeographical seminars on sufficiency assessment of proposed and candidate Emerald sites. Two seminars are foreseen: 1) Seminar to assess sufficiency of the proposed and candidate sites to protect species (except birds) and habitats in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia; 2) Seminar to assess sufficiency of the proposed and candidate Emerald sites to protect bird species in Belarus, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine; - Helpdesk support to the ENI East countries in using the Standard Data Form Tool for reporting the data to the EEA CDR; - Stremalining between Bern Convention (Emerald) and the EU Nature Directives in reporting - Harmonisation of methodologies for production of regionally comparable indicator on protected areas – implementing the indicator on protected areas.
Project web page:
Duration: 1.7.2017 - 30.11.2018

National projects

Ecological optimization of the utilization of landslide areas in selected parts of the flysch zone in regard to the traditional farming
Ekologická optimalizácia využívania zosuvných území vo vybraných častiach flyšového pásma, so zreteľom na ich tradičné obhospodarovanie
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Barančoková Mária PhD.
Annotation:The occurrence of landslides in the flysch zone of the Western Carpathians has conditioned the utilization of landscape from the beginning of the settlement. Places that have not been affected by the construction processes were used according to the needs of the agricultural population. Each intervention had an impact on the development of coenosis thereby creating specific habitats with high variability. This was so not only because of natural specificities of individual localities, but also due to diversity of management habits and skills in dispersed settlements (called "kopanice"). Slope deformations represent geofactor, which significantly affects the quality of the environment. The project aims to develop a methodology of assessment of landslide areas in flysch environment and their use in traditional farming, the application of this methodology in selected areas and suggestions for ecological optimization of utilization.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

Historické a súčasné zmeny krajinnej diverzity a biodiverzity vplyvom pôsobenia prírodných a antropogénnych faktorov
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Barančok Peter CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021

ECOMODELTUR - The evaluation of cultural ecosystem services countries on a basis of landscape research for the ecological model of tourism development
Hodnotenie kultúrnych ekosystémových služieb krajiny na báze krajinnoekologických výskumov pre ekologické modely rozvoja cestovného ruchu
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Krnáčová Zdena PhD.
Annotation:Scientific objective of the project is the creation and application of new quantitative methods for assessing ecosystem services of cultural landscapes. Starting from the evaluation of landscape ecological significance (LES) elements LAND COVER by biodiversity, ecosystems aesthetic value (EAV), cultural-historical significance of cultural heritage (CHAS). The basis is the mapping of the actual state and characteristics of the elements of the current landscape cover (LAND COVER) of the urban environment of Bratislava, which we processed under the legend CORINE Land Cover Technical Quide - Addendum 2000 (Bossard, Feranec, Oťahl, 2000) on 3rd, 4th, and 5th hierarchical level. The representation of the landscape cover classes is processed in vector form, resulting from the synthesis of the thematic and relevant layers contained in the ZB GIS, supplemented by a licensed current installation derived from orthophotomaps from aeronautical imaging. 2015 (EUROSENSE, s.r.o.2015). These were complemented by a terrain research in 2014-2017, 2018. This year we processed 8 cadastres within the model territory of Bratislava. The aim is the proposal of diversified ecological forms and species of tourism (ECOTUR), which take into account the ecosystems benefits and the social value of the original habitats and cultural-historical objects. Part of the ECOTUR models will be the elaboration of measures and regulatives with possibility implementation in strategy documents.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2019

Demetra - Assessment of recent changes and trends in agricultural landscape of Slovakia
Hodnotenie novodobých zmien a vývojových trendov poľnohospodárskej krajiny Slovenska
Program: APVV
Project leader: RNDr. Halada Ľuboš CSc.
Annotation:The project responds to insufficiently known consequences of the current rapid and extensive changes of agricultural landscape (AL). The aim is to evaluate the extent and distribution of the recent changes in the AL use in Slovakia after r. 1990, their trends and impacts on main functions and depending ecosystem services. The project is based on the DPSIR concept that evaluates environmental context of human activities in the form of a causal chain, following the causes, conditions and consequences. The main original features of the project is a comprehensive approach with the analysis and evaluation of natural and socio-economic factors, with emphasis of internationally established indicators use, analysis of trends and formulation of possible future scenarios, interconnection of multiple spatial levels, the combination of analytical procedures with empirical knowledge and stakeholder involvement. The project is planned for 48 months (07/2018-06/2022). It will develop special methods, procedures and indicators to be applied at national level and in local case studies in all major types of AL. In addition to scientific contribution, the project will also propose measures, tools and procedures for decision-making and planning of the sustainable use of AL.
Duration: 1.8.2018 - 30.6.2022

Evaluation of the transformation of natural and socio-cultural diversity of the cultural landscape in Slovakia (on example of selected areas)
Hodnotenie transformácie prírodnej a sociálnokultúrnej diverzity kultúrnej krajiny Slovenska (na príklade vybraných území)
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Štefunková Dagmar PhD.
Annotation: The cultural landscape is a testimony to the contemporary way of life and, at the same time, to the materialization of long-term impact of our ancestors in landscape, in the form of the historical cultural landscape. In addition to the material dimension, the historical cultural landscape also has an intangible socio-cultural dimension, which creates the historical context of its origin and development, as well as the way of perceiving its values ​​and functioning by its contemporaries. The analysis of terminological inconsistencies and the evaluation of the implementation of the issue of the historical cultural landscape into the legal order of the Slovak Republic will be the first of the objectives. The methodology of identification of the historical cultural landscape in the typologically different model territories of Slovakia will follow. The main aim will be the elaboration of a methodology for assessing the natural and socio-cultural diversity of the historical cultural landscape, its comparison with the contemporary cultural landscape, determining the degree of its transformation and sketching the possibilities of its protection.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Independent evaluation of the Rural Development Programme for the period 2014-2020
Nezávislé hodnotenie Programu rozvoja vidieka SR pre obdobie 2014-2020
Program: Iné projekty
Project leader: Ing. Špulerová Jana PhD.
Annotation:Processing of documents for evaluation report of the Rural Development Programme for 2014-2020, including answering the evaluation questions which provides an independent assessment of the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness and achievements, impact and success and failure factors.
Duration: 18.12.2015 - 31.12.2019

Kanály - New possibilities of use of drainage canal systems with taking into account the protection and use of a landscape
Nové možnosti využitia odvodňovacích kanálových sústav s ohľadom na ochranu a využívanie krajiny
Program: APVV
Project leader: Mgr. Kalivoda Henrik PhD.
Annotation:Drainage canal system, as artificial multifunctional anthropogenic elements in a landscape have other specific functions which were not paid attention yet. The reason of construction of those canal systems was the intensification of agricultural production and discharge of inland waters. Their construction characters are analogical to a stream. These characters must be re-evaluated from the point of their functional use under real conditions of an area. Due to the change of agricultural policy, further construction and maintenance practically does not exist and the lifetime of connected technical segments is getting to the end. Secondary drainage canals are gradually overgrown, wood vegetation develops and canals stop fulfilling their main function. Similar situation appears in case of main canals, moreover, their use is bound to capacity of pumping stations. Primary and secondary drainage canals are important connective landscape elements and serve also as a refugium, or biocentre for several kinds of organisms. There appear significant successive processes in the canal network. Based on reevaluation of present state of drainage canals there will be elaborated a proposal of measures of their primary functions and proposal of their multifunctional use. New possibilities of use of drainage canals are important from the point of view of protection and use of the landscape, namely the development and stability of biodiversity.
Duration: 1.7.2015 - 28.6.2019

Výskum biokultúrnych hodnôt krajiny
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Dobrovodská Marta PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021

Green Infrastructure of Slovakia
Zelená infraštruktúra Slovenska
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Moyzeová Milena PhD.
Annotation:The concept of green infrastructure, the same as the territorial systems of ecological stability, is aimed at the progressive transition from the black-and-white division of the country to the protected and unprotected parts, to an all-area differentiated system preserving ecologically convenient landscape structure with different ways of use. Hence, the aim of the proposed Green Infrastructure and mitigation of the negative effects of its barriers is conservation and support to biodiversity and diversity of Slovakia’s landscape and provision for their beneficial effects on the surrounding ecologically less stable parts of the country, support to variants of multifunctional land use with the aim to protect individual components of the environment, conservation of important landscape
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

Changes in Slovak Landscape Driven by European Union Agricultural Policy
Zmeny poľnohospodárskej krajiny Slovenska vplyvom politík Európskej Únie
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Lieskovský Juraj PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on identification and evaluation of changes in agricultural landscape (AL), which were after 2004 affected by the EU legislation in fields of agriculture, water protection and nature conservation. It is based on analysis of the EU policies as drivers of changes in AL. It will study types and intensity of use of AL on regional and local levels. The project combines methods of remote sensing (RS) and field research. RS will be used for timely obtaining information on AL. Also will be developed and tested innovative approaches and methods with use of new satellite sensors. In local scale will be studied impact of changes in use in AL on biodiversity. For biodiversity study were selected indication groups of vegetation, invertebrates (spiders, dragonflies) and vertebrates (amphibians, birds). Studied will be sites from which exist data from previous research, wetlands and newly evolved biotopes in AL. The final phase will be synthesis of current state and changes in AL and biodiversity.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.1.2019

Changes in soil properties and secondary succession following afforestation of former agricultural land
Zmeny pôdnych vlastností a sekundárna sukcesia po zalesnení bývalých poľnohospodárskych pôd
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Kollár Jozef PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on the ecology and soils of secondary forests established after land use changes in the various Slovak region differed by natural conditions and land use type. Studied areas will include especially Malé Karpaty Mts (afforested former vineyards and pastures, non-carbonate bedrock) and Považský Inovec Mts. (afforested pastures, carbonate bedrock). The project has an interdisciplinary character. Vegetation part will be focused on the detailed phytocoenological and floristic characteristics of the studied forests, which will serve as a database for other actívities, such as state, progress and direction of secondary succession, ecological and socio-economic evaluation of particular vegetation etc. Soil research will include basic and some special soil properties, which will serve to evaluate the impact of historical and current land use on the soil.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.1.2021

Projects total: 16