Information Page of SAS Organisation

Institute of Forest Ecology

International projects

Analysis of revitalization process in beech ecosystems over the immission load
Analýza revitalizačného procesu v bukových ekosystémoch po imisnom zaťažení
Program: Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader: Ing. Barna Milan PhD.
Annotation:The issue of revitalization beech ecosystems in imission-affected regions is still actual, not only in the Central Europe but a large part of the distribution area of beech. Negative effects of environment to growth conditions and thus to stand damage it depend on a number of tree disposition characteristics as well as from synecological relations in the forest according to which the beech ecosystems are led by. From these reasons it is very important to clarify revitalization processes in forest ecosystems after removed the source of pollution was. And this will be the main objective of our project. Discovering and characterization of revitalization process in respective forest elements is a pioneer work. Results coming from this work would represent a basic concept for prediction of forest development in man-affected environment. Since forests are the most complex terrestrial ecosystems, the uniqueness of this project lies in combination of ecological, physiological, botanical and mycological research with application of recent methodology in the Carpatian / Hercynian area.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Behavioural ecology of species Lanius minor
Behaviorálna ekológia druhu Lanius minor
Program: Medziústavná dohoda
Project leader: RNDr. Krištín Anton DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Duration: 1.1.2006 -

BOTTOMS-UP - Biodiversity of temperate forest taxa orienting management sustainability by unifying prespectives
Biodiverzita lesov mierneho pásma orientujúca udržateľnosť hospodárenia unifikáciou perspektív
Program: COST
Project leader: Ing. Ferus Peter PhD.
Duration: 13.11.2019 - 12.11.2023

NutRisk Centre - Centre of the investigation of synthesis and transformation of nutritional substances in food chain in interaction with potentially risk substances of anthropogenic origin.
Centrum pro studium vzniku a transformací nutričně významných látek v potravním řetězci v interakci s potenciálně rizikovými látkami antropogenního původu.
Program: European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
Project leader: Ing. Kuklová Margita CSc.
Duration: 1.11.2018 - 31.12.2022

CLIMO - Climate Smart Forestry in Mountain Regions
Climate Smart lesníctvo v horských regiónoch
Program: COST
Project leader: RNDr. Ditmarová Ľubica PhD.
Annotation:Climate Smart Forestry aims at sustainable management of forest while adapting and building resilience to climate change (CC), and maintain wellbeing of the mountain community. Three main pillars of CLIMO project are: (i) improve livelihood of mountain inhabitants by sustainably increasing forest ecosystem services (ES); (ii)enhance the adaptation and resilience to CC of mountain forests; (iii) optimise the CC mitigation potential of mountain forests, focusing on the most efficient and cost-effective mitigation options and capitalising on adaptation-mitigation synergies. SEA leads WG4: DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE SCHEMES OF PAYMENT FOR Ecosystem SERVICES (PES) with the objective to develop incentive based system to support Climate-Smart Forestry concept as a possible tool for development of forestry under the impact of Global Change (GC).
Project web page:http://www.cost.eu/COST_Actions/ca/CA15226
Duration: 17.10.2016 - 16.10.2020

CLIMO - Climate Smart Forestry in Mountain Regions
Climate Smart lesníctvo v horských regiónoch
Program: COST
Project leader: prof., Mgr. Kluvánková Tatiana PhD.
Annotation:Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) integrates the three-dimensions of sustainable development (economic, social and environmental), and aims at sustainably increasing agricultural productivity and incomes, adapting and building resilience to climate change (CC), and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. CLIMO wants to translate the CSA concept for a Climate-Smart Forestry (CSF). Three main pillars will be considered: improve livelihood of mountain inhabitants by sustainably increasing forest ecosystem services (ES); enhance the adaptation and resilience to CC of mountain forests; optimise the CC mitigation potential of mountain forests, focusing on the most efficient and cost-effective mitigation options and capitalising on adaptation-mitigation synergies. The main objective is to define CSF in the European context, which will require the identification of key silvicultural characteristics and the harmonisation of CSF in mountain areas to create a common knowledge at European level. The “smartness” of the European forests will be defined according to the sustainability of forest management and mitigation potential. The ““smartness”” will be defined on the basis of measurable criteria and a checklist of parameters of “smartness” for mountain forests will be proposed. Experimental forest sites with available data to quantify the “smartness” of mountain forests will be identified to build a European Smart Forest Network (ESFONET). A feasibility study for the development of a cyber-technology able to quickly transfer data from monitoring sites to stakeholders will be developed. Innovative schemes of payment for ES (PES) will be developed to shift the objective of mountain forest management from the production of timber to the production of ES.
Duration: 17.10.2016 - 16.10.2020

EUdaphobase - European Soil-Biology Data Warehouse for Soil Protection
Európske úložisko údajov o pôdnej biológii na ochranu pôdy
Program: COST
Project leader: Ing. Michalko Jaroslav PhD.
Duration: 13.7.2019 - 9.9.2023

EuroXanth - EuroXanth: Integrating science on Xanthomonadaceae for integrated plant disease management in Europe
EuroXanth: Integrácia výskumu čeľade Xanthomonadaceae pre integrovanú kontrolu rastlinných chorôb v Európe
Program: COST
Project leader: Ing. Michalko Jaroslav PhD.
Duration: 4.4.2019 - 15.3.2021

CLIMBATS - Climate change and bats: from science to conservation
Klimatická zmena a netopiere: od vedy k ochrane
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Kaňuch Peter PhD.
Duration: 26.2.2019 - 25.2.2023

Monitoring of the physiological potential of royal jelly based on new scientific knowledge
Monitorovanie fyziologického potenciálu včelej materskej kašičky na základe nových vedeckých poznatkov
Program: JRP
Project leader: RNDr. Bíliková Katarína PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2021

New approaches in detection of pathogens and aeroallergens
Nové prístupy v detekcii patogénov a vzdušných alergénov
Program: COST
Project leader: Ing. Michalko Jaroslav PhD.
Duration: 13.7.2019 - 20.11.2023

Ornithologische Schriftenschau
Ornitologické bibliografie
Program: Medziústavná dohoda
Project leader: RNDr. Krištín Anton DrSc.
Annotation:no description
Duration: 1.1.2003 -

PESFOR-W - Payments for Ecosystem Services (Forests for Water)
Platby za ekosystémové služby
Program: COST
Project leader: prof., Mgr. Kluvánková Tatiana PhD.
Annotation:The EU Water Framework Directive aims to ensure restoration of Europe’s water bodies to “good ecological status” by 2027. Many Member States will struggle to meet this target, with around half of EU river catchments currently reporting below standard water quality. Diffuse pollution from agriculture represents a major pressure, affecting over 90% of river basins. Accumulating evidence shows that recent improvements to agricultural practices are benefiting water quality but in many cases will be insufficient to achieve WFD objectives. There is growing support for land use change to help bridge the gap, with a particular focus on targeted tree planting to intercept and reduce the delivery of diffuse pollutants to water. This form of integrated catchment management offers multiple benefits to society but a significant cost to landowners and managers. New economic instruments, in combination with spatial targeting, need to be developed to ensure cost-effective solutions including tree planting for water benefits - are realised. Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) are flexible, incentive-based mechanisms that could play an important role in promoting land use change to deliver water quality targets. The PESFOR-W COST Action will consolidate learning from existing woodlands for water PES schemes in Europe and help standardize approaches to evaluating the environmental effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of woodland measures. It will also create a European network through which PES schemes can be facilitated, extended and improved, for example by incorporating other ecosystem services linking with aims of the wider forests-carbon policy nexus.
Project web page:http://www.cost.eu/COST_Actions/ca/CA15206
Duration: 18.10.2016 - 17.10.2020

EuroMicropH - Understanding and exploiting the impacts of low pH on micro-organisms
Pochopenie a využitie vplyvu nízkeho pH na mikroorganizmy
Program: COST
Project leader: Ing. Michalko Jaroslav PhD.
Duration: 17.4.2019 - 16.4.2023

iSBio Consortium - International soil biogeography consortium for biodiversity studies & conservatorium of soil comunities
Pôdna biogeografia pre štúdie biodiverzity pôdnych spoločenstiev
Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: Ing. Barna Milan PhD.
Project web page:https://home.uni-leipzig.de/idiv/isbio/
Duration: 23.7.2018 - 30.9.2024

Madagascar biodi - Distribution of some animal groups in Madagascar: effect of habitat quality and altitude
Rozšírenie niektorých skupín živočíchov v Madagaskare: vplyv kvality habitatu a nadmorskej výšky
Program: Multilaterálne - iné
Project leader: RNDr. Krištín Anton DrSc.
Annotation:Study of endangered and rapidly changing habitats and species (Orthoptera, water insects) along environmental gradients of Madagascar
Duration: 4.4.2015 - 31.12.2020

CONVERGES - Knowledge conversion for enhancing management of European riparian ecosystems and services
Transfer poznatkov pre zlepšenie manažmentu Európskych riečnych ekosystémov a ich služieb
Program: COST
Project leader: Ing. Slezák Michal PhD.
Duration: 9.11.2017 - 8.11.2021

- - Influence of abiotic and biotic stresses on properties of plants
Vplyv abiotických a biotických stresorov na vlastnosti rastlín
Program: Medziústavná dohoda
Project leader: Ing. Kuklová Margita CSc.
Duration: 11.11.2016 - 11.11.2021


National projects

COIN - Algorithm of collective intelligence: Interdisciplinary study of swarming behaviour in bats
Algoritmus kolektívnej inteligencie: Interdisciplinárne štúdium swarmového správania netopierov
Program: APVV
Project leader: Mgr. Kaňuch Peter PhD.
Annotation:Various algorithms of artificial intelligence inspired by real biological mechanisms are successfully applied in civil and military sector. In this project, cooperative research of four scientific institutions having different basis, methodology and the object of study (biology, mathematics, computer science and technology) focuses on interdisciplinary study of social self-organizational behaviour of tree-dwelling bats with the aim to develop new meta-heuristic method capable of space exploration. The project has a great potential to bring new knowledge about mechanisms of collective intelligence in social structures of biological organisms, which will contribute to the field of theoretical biology, behavioural and evolutionary ecology. It will contribute also to the field of artificial intelligence as it focuses on swarming behaviour of individuals/agents with higher nervous activity and well developed cognitive skills. The model organisms (bats) of the project are using advanced biological mechanism capable of individual space exploration without group disintegration. This characteristic has a great potential for development of new biologically inspired algorithms and methods applicable e.g. in movement coordination of UAVs. Distinguished contribution of the project is R&D of ultra-light sensors applicable not only in biological research.
Duration: 1.8.2018 - 31.7.2022

Biogeography and ecology of Orthoptera in Carpathians: Applications to biodiversity conservation
Biogeografia a ekológia rovnokrídleho hmyzu v Karpatoch: Aplikácie pre ochranu biodiverzity
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Jarčuška Benjamín PhD.
Annotation:Assessing biodiversity of Orthoptera using taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic diversity in Carpathian Mountains is main objective of the project. The project will analyse and assess the importance of various factors predicting selected Orthoptera species distribution in the study area while taking into account operating scale of factors. Revealed patterns of orthopteran diversity and their determinants, association between environmental characteristics and species abundance are expected to be important for understanding of evolutionary processes generating biodiversity. The new knowledge may lead, for to predictions, how global change will affect distribution and survival of species and for biodiversity conservation.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022

Bioprospecting of microbiome of woody plants with emphasis on endophytic microorganisms potentially usable in medicine and agriculture
Bioprospekting mikrobiómu drevín s dôrazom na endofytické mikroorganizmy potenciálne využiteľné v medicíne a poľnohospodárstve
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Michalko Jaroslav PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021

Spatio-temporal changes of chemical and production properties of soils and phytocoenoses in segments of managed forest ecosystems
Časopriestorové zmeny chemických a produkčných vlastností pôd a fytocenóz v segmentoch obhospodarovaných lesných ekosystémov
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Kuklová Margita CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

DD ChangE - Diversity and distribution of species and communities in changing environment
Diverzita a distribúcia druhov a spoločenstiev v meniacom sa prostredí
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Slezák Michal PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022

Diversity of plant understory of alder forests in the main bioregions of Central Europe
Diverzita rastlín jelšových lesov hlavných bioregiónov strednej Európy
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Slezák Michal PhD.
Annotation:Alder forests with dominance of Alnus glutinosa are ecologically and floristically specific vegetation type. These forests belong to the endangered vegetation and they are under strong human pressure in Central Europe. We focus on the study of plant diversity patterns (alpha, beta and gamma) in the main Central European bioregions (Alpine, Continental and Pannonian) with respect to various plant groups (vascular plants, bryophytes, native and alien species) and two types of these forests, riparian alder forests and alder carrs. In addition, we would like to detect which ecological factors (including human impact) have an impact on alpha diversity of plants and which conditions predeterminate the highest species richness.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022

Species richness of vascular plants in understory of beech forests along altitudinal gradient
Druhová bohatosť synúzie vyšších rastlín bukových lesov pozdĺž výškového gradientu
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Slezák Michal PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

Ecosystem services to support landscape protection in conditions of climate change
Ekosystémové služby na podporu ochrany krajiny v podmienkach globálnej zmeny
Program: VEGA
Project leader: prof., Mgr. Kluvánková Tatiana PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

DendroEnergPoten - Energy potential of primary production of the above-ground dendromass of forest stands
Energetický potenciál primárnej produkcie nadzemnej dendromasy lesných porastov
Program: APVV
Project leader: Ing. Kuklová Margita CSc.
Duration: 1.7.2017 - 30.6.2021

Evolutionary ecology of umbrella and flagship species of vertebrates in Slovakia
Evolučná ekológia dáždnikových a vlajkových druhov stavovcov na Slovensku
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Kaňuch Peter PhD.
Annotation:The project deals with evolutionary mechanisms which are involved in the successful reproduction, variability of phenotype, fitness and survival of populations of endangered species in environment under global changes. In conservation practice, some endangered species are known as umbrella or flagship species, the protection of which indirectly contributes to the protection of other species in the environment, as well as it increases public awareness in nature conservation. By understanding the ecology of these species, conservation may become more efficient for human society. The project has the ambition to bring novel biological knowledge for nature conservation in Slovakia. Ecologically distinct representatives of the umbrella and flagship vertebrate species of Slovakia (Western capercaillie, Lynx, Greater noctule bat, European pond turtle) which are known to have negative population trends or demographic and population-genetic information is very limited were selected for this project.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

Phenological manifestations of plants and selected components of biogeochemical cycle in a forest ecosystem in changing environmental conditions.
Fenologické prejavy rastlín a vybrané zložky biogeochemického cyklu lesného ekosystému v meniacich sa podmienkach prostredia
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Schieber Branislav PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

ENVIROSPRUCE - Identification of environmental vulnerability and adaptive potential of Norway spruce (Picea abies Karst. L.) populations under changing climate
Identifikácia environmentálnej zraniteľnosti a adaptívneho potenciálu populácií smreka (Picea abies Karst. L.) v podmienkach meniacej sa klímy
Program: APVV
Project leader: RNDr. Ditmarová Ľubica PhD.
Annotation:In terms of ongoing climate change are mountain spruce ecosystem considered extremely vulnerable. The adaptive potential of the genetic resources of forest trees acts as a key factor in the survival and continuity of the mountain ecosystems in relation to those changes. In the given context, the project is directed at bioindication of invisible changes, observed at the level of physiological and growth processes, which will help clarify the degree of environmental vulnerability of the spruce populations from different geographical origin, in direct response to extreme changing climate. At the same time there will be solved fundamental questions in evolutionary biology spruce, especially the issue of its adaptation to changing environmental conditions.
Duration: 1.7.2017 - 30.6.2021

Identification, genetic variability a pathogenicity of economically important needle cast species on pines
Identifikácia, genetická variabilita a patogenita hospodársky významných druhov sypaviek borovíc
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Adamčíková Katarína PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021

Indication of influence of critical values of environmental factors at level of physiological and growth traits in spruce populations from different geographic origin sites
Indikácia vplyvu kritických hodnôt faktorov prostredia na úrovni fyziologických a rastových znakov u populácií smreka rozdielneho geografického pôvodu
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Ditmarová Ľubica PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Invasive potential of non-native maples (Acer sp.) in Slovakia
Invázny potenciál cudzokrajných javorov (Acer sp.) na Slovensku
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Ferus Peter PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021

BIOFOODS - Complex utilization of plant biomass in biofoods with added value
Komplexné využitie rastlinnej biomasy v biopotravinách s pridanou hodnotou
Program: APVV
Project leader: Ing. Váľka Jozef CSc.
Duration: 1.7.2017 - 30.7.2021

Ash dieback: the causal agents and disease control strategy
Odumieranie jaseňov: pôvodcovia a stratégia ochrany
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Kádasi-Horáková Miriam PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021

GROPECO - Growth and production of mountain ecosystems under conditions of climate aridization
Rast a produkcia horských ekosystémov v podmienkach aridizácie klímy
Program: APVV
Project leader: RNDr. Ditmarová Ľubica PhD.
Duration: 1.7.2019 - 30.6.2023

Responses of animals to recent changes in forest ecosystems and urban environments
Reakcie živočíchov na aktuálne zmeny v lesných ekosystémoch a urbánnom prostredí
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Zach Peter CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022

Self-revitalizing processes in variously injured forest ecosystems
Samorevitalizačné procesy v rôzne atakovaných lesných ekosystémoch
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Barna Milan PhD.
Annotation:The proposed project focuses on not well known problem of the revitalization processes in forest ecosystems and their prediction by signs and state of individual components of examined ecosystem. This issue in immision-affected regions is currently very up-to-date objective. Negative effect of environment on growth conditions and thus to canopy damage depends on a number of tree disposition characteristics as well as synecological relations governing forest ecosystems. From these reasons it is very important to clarify revitalization processes in forest ecosystems after removement of the source of pollution. Clarification and characterization of revitalization process signs in respective forest components could represent a basic concept for prediction of forest development in man-affected environment. The research will concentrate on improved growth conditions in the area of former emission load, as influenced by on-going climate change.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021

Swarming behaviour as a mechanism of information transfer in bats
Swarmové správanie ako mechanizmus transferu informácií medzi netopiermi
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Naďo Ladislav PhD.
Annotation:Various algorithms of artificial intelligence are inspired by biological mechanisms, information about processes in living organisms or interactions among them (e.g. behavioural algorithms of bees, ants). Main aim of this project is to decipher the mechanism which bat groups uses to perform frequent roost-switching without group disintegration. We believe that a key component in this unique decision-making process is “swarming”, performed by bats in close proximity of roosts (tree cavities) throughout the night and accompanied by specific ultrasonic signals. Only anecdotal evidence exists about this specific phenomena. In our previous studies we described and proposed basic steps of this behavioural algorithm. Its detailed understanding would be widely applicable for other fields of biological research as well as for specific engineering applications (e.g. for coordination of UAV movements).
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

Systematics and phylogeny of the genus Dermoloma in Europe and North America
Systematika a fylogenéza rodu Dermoloma v Európe a Severnej Amerike
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Adamčíková Katarína PhD.
Annotation:Dermoloma is insufficiently known genus of basidiomycetes classified in the order Agaricales (Agaricomycotina). More than 30 species are described worldwide, but only few of them are generally accepted. Opinions about morphological delimitation and number of the species are very variable in the current literature. Traditionally, up to eight species are recognised, although more than 30 European species were described. Our preliminary phylogenetic study suggest existence of more than 25 molecular operation units in Europe that probably represent independent species. Aim of the project is to define European and North American Dermoloma species by means of molecular and morphological methods and to assign them correct names. Fungi of the genus Dermoloma are essential part of grassland ecosystems and accordingly this project will deal with studies of environmental soil samples. We will look for suitable metabarcode for identification of species using next generation sequencing (metagenomics).
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021

Cross-scale interactions between bark beetles and spruce
Viac úrovňové interakcie medzi podkôrnym hmyzom a smrekom
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Jakuš Rastislav PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

The effect of application of honeybee autochthonous probiotic lactobacilli bound on the pollen carrier, on immune status and quality of honeybee products
Vplyv aplikácie autochtónnych včelích probiotických laktobacilov na peľovom nosiči na imunitný status a kvalitu produktov včiel medonosných
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Bíliková Katarína PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2021

Importance of local habitats and microhabitats for spacial distribution of forest and arboricolous arthropods
Význam lokálnych habitatov a mikrohabitatov pre priestorovú distribúciu lesných a arborikolných článkonožcov
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Kulfan Ján CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

CLAUDIA - Climate change and natural hazards impacts: vulnerability and adaptive capacity of Western Carpatians forest ecosystems
Zmeny klímy a prírodné riziká: zraniteľnosť a adaptačné kapacity lesných ekosystémov Západných Karpát
Program: APVV
Project leader: Ing. Jakuš Rastislav PhD.
Duration: 1.7.2019 - 30.6.2022

Projects total: 44