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Information Page of SAS Organisation

Project

Institute of Archaeology

International Projects

Agreement on Scientific Cooperation

Dohoda o vedeckej spolupráci

Duration: 10. 5. 2021 - 10. 5. 2025
Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: Prof. PhDr. Bátora Jozef DrSc.

Agreement on scientific cooperation.

Dohoda o vedeckej spoluprácie medzi Zavodom za podvodno Arheologijo ZAPA, (Slovinsko) a Trnavskou Univerzitou

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2025
Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: PhDr. Daňová Klaudia PhD.
Annotation:The Agreement was developed to strengthen mutual co-operation in addressing the specific tasks of archaeological research in the field of research, education and culture on underwater archeology.

Europe Through Textiles: European Network for an integrated and interdisciplinary field in the Humanities

Europe Through Textiles: European Network for an integrated and interdisciplinary field in the Humanities

Duration: 13. 10. 2020 - 12. 10. 2024
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Štolcová Tereza PhD.
Annotation:The scholarly vision is to re-write European history based on its massive production, trade, consumption and reuse of textiles and dress. The goal is to identify expertise across time in sustainable textile practices. For this purpose, ITCs are crucial for their experience in ancient techniques and cultural heritage in textile craft. EuroWeb offers multiple theoretical and practical training schools, mentors, targeted career development masterclasses for the ECIs, with the aim to increase EU funding for ITC scholars and ECIs. Each year, EuroWeb aims to host large international textile and dress conferences in the ITCs, to highlight their collections, capacities and scholarship. EuroWeb enables collaborations between researchers, engineers, scholars and other stakeholders and business by providing a platform for them to collaborate, co-create projects and training schools, and foster trust and shared ideas. Deliverables include collaborative publications, research workshops, theoretical reflection and advancement, digital infrastructure, EuroWeb digital Atlas, films and podcasts, and intense mentoring, training and career development for ECIs.
Project web page:https://www.cost.eu/cost-action/europe-through-textiles-network-for-an-integrated-and-interdisciplinary-humanities/#tabs|Name:overview

Feldforschung der linearbandkeramischen Siedlung in Vráble, Flur Veľké Lehemby und Farské

Feldforschung der linearbandkeramischen Siedlung in Vráble, Flur Veľké Lehemby und Farské

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: PhDr. Cheben Ivan CSc.

GEODAP - GEOarchaeology of DAily Practices: exstracting bronze age liveways from the domestic stratigraphic record

GEOarchaeology of DAily Practices: exstracting bronze age liveways from the domestic stratigraphic record

Duration: 1. 10. 2021 - 30. 9. 2026
Program: Horizont 2020
Project leader: Prof. PhDr. Bátora Jozef DrSc.
Annotation:What was daily life like in the European Bronze Age? In contrast to large-scale narratives based on artefacts, often prestige items from funerary contexts, this project focuses on the practices of daily domestic life, recorded in the sediments upon which it took place. These constitute the domestic stratigraphic record. This project, therefore, shifts the scale and the object of archaeological investigation, and aims at bringing interdisciplinary scientific analyses into dialogue with anthropological understandings of lifeways and households. Its main objective is the formulation of an innovative narrative of the Bronze Age addressing social, economic, and environmental aspects of a culturally interconnected region of Europe. The daily practices and life histories of bronze age people will be the pixels of this new picture that challenges previous depersonalized narratives relying on material culture. The region between the Carpatho-Danubian basin, the Balkans, and northern Italy was selected due to its important cultural interactions during the Bronze Age. Ten key archaeological sites in six European countries constitute the project’s database. Its innovative interdisciplinary approach integrates geoarchaeology (micro-stratigraphic analysis), organic chemistry (biomarkers) and archaeo-botany (phytoliths, seeds, fruits, and charcoal) to reconstruct with unprecedented accuracy the daily practices from domestic stratigraphy. This information will be compared with the story told by material culture and integrated with local paleo-environmental records. The project, in fact, challenges also previous reconstructions that called in environmental mega-events (volcanic eruptions, glacial advances, aridity events) to aprioristically explain broad cultural phenomena of the Bronze Age. Their inherent complexity can only be faced by crystallizing detailed micro-histories and site-specific environmental reconstructions into a broader synthesis based on hard scientific data.
Project web page:https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/101001839

iNEAL - Integrating Neandertal Legacy: From Past to Present

Integrácia neandertálskeho dedičstva: Od minulosti po súčasnosť

Duration: 15. 10. 2020 - 14. 10. 2024
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Nemergut Adrián Ph.D.
Annotation:The main aim and objective of the Action is to build a long term, interdisciplinary network of scientists from various European countries with mutual goals: re-evaluating Neandertal heritage (biological and cultural), assessing the „missing“ data, pinpointing relevant questions in the light of new developments (e.g. technical advances) and creating data sharing platform. This will be achieved through the specific objectives detailed in the Technical Annex. The aim will be solve in four working groups (WG 1: The fossil data, WG 2: Cultural data, WG 3: Molecular data, WG 4: From past to present). Institute of Archaeology belongs to WG 2.
Project web page:https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA19141/#tabs|Name:overview

HistoGenes - Integrating genetic, archaeological and historical perspectives on Eastern Central Europe, 400-900 AD.

Integrating genetic, archaeological and historical perspectives on Eastern Central Europe, 400-900 AD.

Duration: 1. 3. 2020 - 1. 3. 2026
Program: Horizont 2020
Project leader: doc. PhDr. Ruttkay Matej CSc.
Annotation:The core objectives of the project are to explore the impact of mobility on early medieval populations, refine the methods of archaeogenetic research, and establish a multidisciplinary model for future research. Institute of Archaeology SAS is an associated partner of ELTE, with whom the bilaterla agreement was signed on the cooperation on given project. IA SAS will provide selection and will submit the samples of human bone material from selected archaeological sites in Slovakia.

Connectivity in the Iron Age in the Carpathian Basin

Konektivita v dobe železnej v Karpatskej kotline

Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: Mobility
Project leader: Mgr. Benediková Lucia PhD.
Annotation:During the Iron Age (IA) the Carpathian Basin (C.B.) became a territory of interactions between indigenous and incoming people from different regions. In archaeology, the connectivity can be understood as a complex and diverse range of contacts and means of interaction between various communities. Their impact can be observed through the changes occurring in the way of life, subsistence strategies, ritual and social behaviour. The networks of connectivities of these communities had shaped their social and economic dynamics and the emergence of identity constructs, all being fundamental elements in the formation of local social and cultural landscapes. The project proposes an innovative, multi-disciplinary approach, aiming to investigate the ways in which different IA communities inside the Carpathians range interacted with the environment, creating, using and manipulating specific landscapes. It will contribute to a better understanding of the IA connectivity processes and their impact across the C.B. as the part of the common European historical tradition and cultural heritage.

Memorandum of understanding between IA SAS, v.v.i., and Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Brooklyn College of the City University of New York

Memorandum o porozumení medzi AÚ SAV, v.v.i., a Katedrou vied o Zemi a o životnom prostredí, Brooklynská fakulta Univerzity mesta New York

Duration: 6. 9. 2021 - 6. 9. 2024
Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: Mgr. Benediková Lucia PhD.
Annotation:Cooperation on the research of the tin distribution in the Bronze Age and Iron Age Europe. Sampling for the analysis of tin isotopes.

The Dynamics of Settlement Concentration Processes and Land-use in Early Farming Communities in the North-western Carpathian Basin

The Dynamics of Settlement Concentration Processes and Land-use in Early Farming Communities in the North-western Carpathian Basin

Duration: 1. 7. 2016 - 31. 12. 2028
Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: PhDr. Cheben Ivan CSc.
Annotation:Exploring processes of agglomeration and dispersion in this way involves attention drawn to socio-environmental processes of great complexity and variability in detail. Currently, our knowledge about such processes in the Neolithic and Bronze Age is still very insufficient. Even for a purely descriptive account of settlement patterns in a diachronic perspective, intensive fieldwork and data analysis within a multi-disciplinary and multi-scalar approach is necessary. It can however, be managed by a directed, intensive, and long-term effort such as that provided by a CRC. For a case study, the excellent preservation conditions in the Žitava Valley area enable us to study socio-economic and environmental processes leading to and away from social agglomerations, and social complexity among early horticulturalists and early metallurgists.

NCN - Transmission of steppe influences in Carpathian zone in 3rd millennium BC

Transmisia stepných vplyvov v Karpatskom pásme v III. tisícročí pred Kristom

Duration: 1. 9. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: PhDr. Horváthová Eva PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on prospecting and investigation of selected tumuli from the turn of the Eneolithic and the Bronze Age which are located in the territory of the Východoslovenská nížina basin and the southern part of the Ondavská vrchovina mountains. The investigation will include archival sources and finds from older excavations. The goal of the project is to obtain new information from molecular genetics, radiocarbon, strontium, petrographic, archaeozoological and other analyses which will contribute to better assessment of the archaeological material from the studied tumuli. The obtained data will also be useful for solving geographically and culturally more general topics associated with the study of chronology, genesis, steppe elements and direct impacts of the Yamnaya and Corded Ware cultures in the regions of the Northern Tisza territory in the 3rd millenium BC. The concept of the project also follows from the cooperation with the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Archaeology of SAS which took place in the 1990s.

“Scientific collaboration on the archaeogenetics and anthropology of prehistoric population from Slovakia and neighbouring countries”

Vedecká spolupráca v oblasti archeogenetiky a antropológie pravekého obyvateľstva zo Slovenska a okolitých krajín.

Duration: 1. 1. 2018 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: doc. PhDr. Ruttkay Matej CSc.
Annotation:The Poroject is focused on scientific research of prehistoric population their changes and helth conditions.

Agreement of Co-operation between IA SAS and EÖTVÖS LORÁND UNIVERSITY, BUDAPEST

Zmluva o spolupráci medzi AÚ SAV a EÖTVÖS LORÁND UNIVERSITY, BUDAPEST

Duration: 16. 12. 2019 - 16. 12. 2024
Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: doc. PhDr. Ruttkay Matej CSc.
Annotation:The two institutions shall establish and encourage mutually beneficial scientific relations based on the following activities: Establishment of joint research projects, Exchange of scientific literature produced by either or both of the parties, as well as the exchange of material on research undertaken by researchers of both institutions, • Organisation of conferences, seminars and scientific and cultural activities of mutual interest to the institutions

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Zmluva o vedeckej spolupráci medzi Mariupolskou štátnou univezitou - Ukrajina a Archeologickým ústavom SAV - SR

Duration: 9. 5. 2019 - 9. 5. 2023
Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: doc. PhDr. Ruttkay Matej CSc.

National Projects

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Archeológia, antropológia a pohlavie jedinca ako kľúčový atribút pre porozumenie zvykov pravekých spoločností.

Duration: 1. 1. 2020 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Bc. Hukeľová Zuzana MSc., PhD.
Annotation:The project deals with social position of children in the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age, as well as vertical and horizontal stratification of prehistoric societies by means of palaeodemographic reconstructions. To date, despite availability of new and modern methods, only little attention has been paid to children and their position within prehistoric societies. The aim of the project is to gather new demographic data as regards Neolithic and Early Bronze Age subadults, in order to understand attitudes of the above-mentioned societies towards children. To define and verify socio-archaeological hypotheses, determination of biological sex represents a necessary analytical step. With the use of archaeological and anthropological analyses and determination of sex of subadult individuals, the project will challenge previous conclusions about the burial rite in the Neolithic and the Early Bronze Age, and provide missing information about these populations.

Archaeological sources to early historic times and Early Middle Ages in the Middle Danube region

Archeologické pramene k včasnej dobe dejinnej a začiatku stredoveku v strednom Podunajsku

Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2025
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Pieta Karol DrSc.
Annotation:By processing, evaluating and publishing research on central sites from key stages of the Early Historical Period and the Early Middle Ages, the project will provide an overall picture of the historical development of the Central Danube region. The concept includes building on the previous results of the research team, making valuable new materials available and refining the dating of these phases through a new series of natural history analyses.

Fords, bridges, long-distance routes. Ancient roads and seats in the regions of Požitavie and Pohronie with use of underwater archaeology

Brody, mosty, diaľkové cesty. Dávnoveké komunikácie a sídla na Požitaví a Pohroní s využitím archeológie pod vodou

Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2025
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Daňová Klaudia PhD.
Annotation:The project is a continuation of the previous VEGA project (2/0146/18) focused on investigation of the Váh and Nitra rivers. In the final phase of the project and associated activities, a whole range of methodologies was applied in the survey and research of Slovak rivers, new sites were discovered and first results of the research were published. The project included Slovakia in the European map of underwater archaeology. The goal of the submitted project is to continue in the search for and documentation of mainly immovable finds in underwater environment, continue in creation of a database of finds focused on these sites and, thus, bring new information on the currently unknown world under water.

Medieval Economy (6th - 13th Century)

Ekonomika stredoveku (6.-13.storočie)

Duration: 1. 1. 2020 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: doc. PhDr. Ruttkay Matej CSc.
Annotation:To reconstruct life in the Middle Ages, it is necessary to investigate the state of the economy, understand the structure of the society and recognise mutual relations between these two domains. Over past 20 years, seminal works by various medievalists, European historians and archaeologists unambiguously confirmed that economy and social structure are closely related to each other (e.g. Whickham 2007; Whickham 2015; Mc Cormic 2015). The primary of the project is to investigate and clearly define main variables leading to economic progress (respectively regress) and their relation to the social structure. This applies to the settlement in new areas, the development of craft and agriculture, the exploitation of raw materials, the grubbing up the forest and its environmental consequences, settlement, development and decline of villages, settlements and pre-urban agglomerations or fortifications. The research will cover selected areas of Slovak archaeological sites dated back to the 6 th – 12/13 th century and will compare these sites with neighbouring regions. Main outputs of the project will cover a monograph and a series of research papers.

Ethnic and cultural changes of medieval society (6th-13th centuries) in archaeological sources

Etnické a kultúrne zmeny stredovekej spoločnosti (6.-13.storočie) v archeologických prameňoch.

Duration: 1. 1. 2020 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Fusek Gabriel CSc.

The exploitation of natural resources from the Early Historic Period to the Modern Times in selected Slovak regions

Exploatácia prírodných zdrojov vo včasnej dobe dejinnej až novoveku vo vybraných regiónoch Slovenska

Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2025
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Bednár Peter CSc.
Annotation:The project aims to identify defunct mining sites based on LIDAR scans, site prospections in selected Slovak regions (Považský Inovec, Tribeč, Pohronský Inovec, Javorie, Revúcka vrchovina, Vihorlat, Slanské vrchy), mapping and cataloguing, detailed documentation and acquiring samples/finds for dating and enhanced interpretation through micro-surveys. The contribution of the project will include specification of sites chosen for more detailed research, basic documentation of the sites, sampling, detailed analysis and evaluation. Thanks to the solution of the project, qualitatively new information on ancient mining activities in Slovakia will be obtained.

Chronological and regional aspects of the early medieval ceramics from the regions Ponitrie and Považie

Chronologické a regionálne aspekty včasnostredovekej keramiky z oblastí Ponitria a Považia

Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2025
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Fottová Eva PhD.
Annotation:Monothematic project which focuses on actual problems of study of the early medieval ceramics at the territory of Western Slovakia (regions Považie and Ponitrie). Ceramics is, as the most numerous archaeological find and at the same time basic archaeological source, the subject of interest. Scientific value of it is raised by the collaboration of social and natural sciences. Ceramics from the different areas as hillforts, settlements, cemeteries and barrows will be present in the evaluated sets of finds. Within the project there will be examined the method of evaluation of ceramic sets, terminology, further also typological, chronological and functional analysis of ceramics and the scientific value of statistical analyses of ceramic sets. Natural science analyses will be applied to the studies as one of the goals of project is to rise information potential of ceramics. Output will be the publication of results in the form of studies.

The landscape and settlements of the Celts and Germani Mutual relations, relations in and with the landscape

Krajina a sídla u Keltov a Germánov. Vzťahy navzájom, v krajine a ku krajine

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: doc. PhDr. Březinová Gertrúda CSc.
Annotation:In the last two or three decades, the interest of researchers in the Celtic and Germanic settlements from the LaTène and Roman periods has increased. Thanks to some monographs and important studies, we know the pace of their internal evolution, character of constructions and the material culture of their inhabitants. Now, it helps to form questions exceeding the level of individual sites. Thus, we put mutual relations of the settlements in the focus of our attention, together with the relations of people to the landscape, with regard to obtaining resources in particular. The available data allow us to create various model situations of the then society’s functioning in relation to its environment. Archaeological finds provide proxy data for reconstruction of climate changes and, thus, contribute to paleoclimatology and paleohydrology, which are only developing in our conditions.

Development od culture and character of settlement from neolithic period up to the middle ages foristence in locality of Bratislava-Zlaté Piesky.

Kultúrny vývoj a ráz osídlenia od neolitu po vrcholný stredovek na príklade lokality Bratislava - Zlaté piesky

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Bistáková Alena PhD.
Annotation:The purpose of the project is to examine settlement development in the archaeologically rich area of the eastern foreland of Bratislava from the Neolithic to the High Medieval Period. The primary goal is interdisciplinary research and complex treatment of unpublished material from the archaeological site Bratislava – Zlaté piesky. Partial results of earlier research indicate that the examination of this material and its analysis in a wider context will generate original and fundamentally new knowledge on the historical development of the south-western part of the Danubian Lowland.

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Manažment údajov Centrálnej archeologickej evidencie Slovenskej republiky

Duration: 1. 10. 2021 - 30. 9. 2023
Program: Štrukturálne fondy EÚ Informatizácia spoločnosti
Project leader: doc. PhDr. Ruttkay Matej CSc.
Annotation:The project is aimed at improving the management of data recorded in CEANS (Central Evidence of Archaeological Sites in Slovakia) and their accessibility to professionals working in the field of archaeology and history, state and public administration as well as the general public.

Mobility of prehistoric, protohistoric and historical communities in Slovakia and its manifestations in archaeological sources

Mobilita pravekých, protohistorických a historických spoločenstiev na Slovensku a jej prejavy v archeologických prameňoch

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Kozubová Anita PhD.
Annotation:Project aims at the research of various forms of mobility of human societies and individuals during prehistory and protohistory in Slovakia and their archaeological manifestations. The problem is observed from different aspects and from a multidisciplinary perspective (human, social and natural sciences). The main purpose is defining a theoretical research basis at observed time and space, source criticism and modelling of different forms of mobility based on archaeological and historical dates. Subsequently, the creation of central database and acquiring of new dates from anthropological and bioarchaeological material will follow. Findings obtained during the project will be beneficial for the following scientific research and they will enhance competitiveness of Slovak archaeological research towards neighbouring countries, where more scientific attention is being paid to this problem. Research outputs will be presented at international conferences and used during university .

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Mocenské centrá a ich zázemie v 8.-11. storočí.,

Duration: 1. 7. 2020 - 30. 6. 2024
Program: APVV
Project leader: doc. PhDr. Ruttkay Matej CSc.

Reflection of socio-economic changes in the structure of founding and construction of prehistoric settlements.

Odraz sociálno-ekonomických zmien v štruktúre zakladania a budovania pravekých sídlisk.

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Ďuriš Jozef PhD.
Annotation:The increased number of detected find contexts (e. g. settlement features of various character, or settlement layers) as well as settlement archaeological material which together create spatial and vertical stratigraphy from recent or rather new archaeological field surveys in prehistoric lowland/fortified settlements or hillforts carried out in the last decades or years create a need for their detailed and complex innovatory (interdisciplinary) processing and later confronting, reviewing or complementing our previous general knowledge of prehistoric settements in Slovakia. It is also important to process individual collections of prehistoric settlement material thoroughly. Adding information to and gradual summarizing of the general picture of prehistoric settlement units help us see the unsolved questions of several peculiarities of prehistoric settlements as a phenomenon more objectively.

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Poznanie hospodárstva a spoločnosti doby bronzovej v oblasti severne od stredného Dunaja, prostredníctvom archeologických a enviromentálnych prameňov

Duration: 1. 1. 2019 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Prof. PhDr. Bátora Jozef DrSc.

ProSlo - The environment and settlement networks of late Prehistory on the example of selected periods and regions of Slovakia

Prostredie a sídliskové siete mladšieho praveku na príklade vybratých období a regiónov Slovenska .

Duration: 1. 7. 2019 - 30. 6. 2023
Program: APVV
Project leader: Mgr. Malček Róbert PhD.
Annotation:The objective of the project is monitoring of adaptation strategies of prehistoric populations in selected regions of West, Central and East Slovakia from the old Neolithic to the young/late Bronze Age, their comparison and scientific synthesis of the obtained information. The project focuses on the assessment of the settlement structure and its metamorphoses. The selected areas should show natural and social diversity which is, according to previous opinions, often expressed in dichotomy of cultural development of the Tisza river basin and the Podunajská nížina lowland. Ruptures should be accompanied by cultural changes in individual regions (extinction and origin of archaeological cultures and, besides others, beginnings of various historical epochs). In the project, these ideas will be confronted with the result of the analysis of the collected data assessed in the regional as well as supra-regional context; their validity will thus be verified on the given “sample” and conclusions regarding their similarity or difference in social structures within studied populations and their adaptation strategies will be postulated. Processing of the find fund from selected sites in the studied territory and eras will be a complementary task; this task follows from the necessity to specify our knowledge of material cultures of the given societies and will include the most complex processing of find funds from investigations in selected sites from the studied eras as well as the mobiliary obtained by terrain prospecting during the projectworks using modern analytical methods on interdisciplinary basis (anthropology, archaeobotany, 14C analyses.

Relics of cultural landscape – identification and interpretation

Relikty kultúrnej krajiny – identifikácia a interpretácia

Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2025
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Benediková Lucia PhD.
Annotation:The project focuses on identification and interpretation of relics of cultural landscape identified in LiDAR images and orthophoto images. It studies historical structures and their relations in the landscape: settlements, burial grounds, historical routes, relics documenting economic activities. The project includes prevention at protection of the cultural heritage, as the published sites are endangered by treasure hunters’ activities. Verification and functional interpretation of the relics will be carried out in microregions with several types of historical structures by means of comparison of archaeological and paleoenvironmental data. Field excavations will use procedures of multiple disciplines (archaeology, geophysics, archaeobotany, palynology, pedology, geology), methods of absolute dating (radiocarbon and OSL) and other analyses (isotopes). A suitable methodology of identification, research and interpretation of the detected archaeological areas will be also the outputs of the project.

Roman fort at Iža – part of the UNESCO world heritage

Rímsky tábor v Iži - súčasť svetového kultúrneho dedičstva UNESCO

Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2025
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Rajtár Ján CSc.
Annotation:The focus of the project is the scientific analysis, evaluation and publication of existing knowledge about the Roman fort at Iža, a site this is enter in the UNESCO World Heritage List. It was the only fort on the northern borders of Pannonia that was situated on the left bank of the Danube. The project will document, analyse and interpret selected groups of material sources related to the architectural and historical developmental stages of the fort in a wider context. It will focus on the first, unique earth-and-timber phase of the fortification, and on ten temporary field camps in its vicinity dating from the period of the Marcomannic wars. The project aims to confirm the scientific hypothesis about the link between the camps and the Roman military campaigns against the Quadi. The main output will be monographs and studies. The results will be presented at conferences and to the public, and implemented into the study programmes in classical archaeology at Trnava University.

Settlement agglomeration of linear culture in the Žitava valley

Sídlisková aglomerácia kultúry lineárnej v údolí Žitavy

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Cheben Ivan CSc.
Annotation:The intensification of systematic field research and surface research, supplemented by magnetometry of large areas in the Žitava valley and its tributaries over the course of five years, provided evidence of settlement in the area between Čierne Kľačany and Úľany nad Žitavou. From the point of view of the settlement agglomeration, it is a closed geographical unit, on which extensive settlements of the linear culture and želiezovce group have been documented. The floor plans of houses with wheeled structures were identified on the captured sites, which indicate that urban elements were applied in their construction. Archaeological excavations carried out so far clearly prove that this section of Požitavia has become an extremely important area for solving issues of development of the first peasant communities. The source base obtained by the research will be continuously analyzed and published in studies that will evaluate the movable finding inventory, but other analyzes of samples will be made available within the framework of interdisciplinary research. Monitoring demographic developments is an important part of research.

Strategy of settlement of eastern Slovakia in the context of prehistoric development of the Northern Tisza region

Stratégia osídlenia východného Slovenska v kontexte pravekého vývoja severného Potisia

Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2025
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Horváthová Eva PhD.
Annotation:The suggested project provides continuity of scientific research in eastern Slovakia. It focuses on investigation of several topics from selected periods of the early and late prehistory which are being processed. In the geographically limited territory of the central part of the Košická kotlina basin, it publishes results of recognized models of environmental indicators influencing the dynamics and changes in the settlement strategy. It studies the accompanying phenomena of establishing and construction of fortified or enclosed settlements from the period of the Middle Eneolithic. It also complexly evaluates development and structure of settlement in the Middle Bronze Age (the Piliny culture in particular) and in the Hallstatt period. The obtained scientific observations are confronted with our knowledge from the wider geographical environment of northeastern Europe.

Technology and economics of raw materials in the context of the development of Postpaleolithic lithic stone industries in Slovakia.

Technológia a ekonómia surovín v kontexte vývoja postpaleolitických kamenných industrií na Slovensku

Duration: 1. 1. 2019 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Nemergut Adrián Ph.D.
Annotation:The project deals with the study of lithic stone industries from the Mesolithic and Neolithic period in Slovakia. It uses new analytical procedures and methods which are focused on technology and raw material analysis. Evaluating new data from collections from older, but mostly from recent research, will give a new look at the dynamics of technological trends and economics of raw materials in Postpaleolithic industries.

The role of material culture in the formation of economic and social relations in the Late Medieval and Post-medieval communities

Úloha materiálnej kultúry pri formovaní ekonomických a sociálnych väzieb v neskorostredovekých a novovekých komunitách

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Bielich Mário PhD.
Annotation:The goal of the project is to enhance the current knowledge of material culture and specify its role in creation of important relations between the members of various social classes of the post-medieval societies living in the eastern parts of Central Europe. The main source will be provided by the previously unprocessed material collections from the research of castles, churches as well as urban environment. Results of the analyses of this fund together with the information from the latest expert literture will create a sufficiently wide starting base necessary to clarify the economic and social relations documented also in the multiethnic environment of the late medieval and post-medieval Slovakia. The analysis will use multidisciplinary cooperation with anthropologists, archaeozoologists, geophysicists and paleobotanists.

VNrMB - Nitra County Notitia by Matthias Bel (interpretation and application)

Vedomosti Nitrianskej stolice M. Bela (interpretácia a aplikácia)

Duration: 1. 7. 2019 - 30. 6. 2023
Program: APVV
Project leader: doc. PhDr. Ruttkay Matej CSc.
Annotation:Matthias Bel in his work Notitia Hungariae novae historico-geographica (hereinafter referred to as the "Notitia") offered a contemporary perspective of the state, significance, reception and specific facts concerning Hungarian counties within the Habsburg Monarchy. Humanities and social sciences researchers (e.g. historians/historical geographers, philologists) in Slovakia have studied various aspects of the life and work of this representative of the Enlightement. The core of the research was represented by Bel's publishing activities, his religious life and indepth probes into author's selected works. During the past decade a bilingual (Latin-Slovak) version of the Liptov, Orava, Turiec and Trenčín County were published. However, based on the scholarly literature research, it is evident that the Notitia of a particular Slovak county (or its selected parts) has not been sufficiently analyzed and scientifically interpreted from the philological, historical or historical-geographical and ethnological point of view. Nevertheless the results of analysis and interpretation of Bel's work within the scope of these disciplines can be effectively applied for instance in the context of revitalization of regional identities on the example of the landscape and particular ethno-cultural phenomena of selected Slovak regions. The essence as well as the main objective of the project is a Slovak translation of the Latin original of the Nitra County Notitia (lat. COMITATUS NITRIENSIS) and its historical-geographical, philological and ethnographic analysis. By employing specific methods we will identify and reconstruct selected regional identities of the examined area – e.g. cultural landscape and its structure, character of settlement, a way of life or the specifics of socio-professional classification of the county population in the first half of the 18th century. The outputs of the project will have a material, analytical and application character.

Influence of the exploitation of natural resources on ways of life in the Bronze Age and Iron Age

Vplyv využívania prírodných zdrojov na spôsob života v dobe bronzovej a v dobe železnej

Duration: 1. 7. 2021 - 30. 6. 2025
Program: APVV
Project leader: Mgr. Benediková Lucia PhD.
Annotation:Natural resources and their availability have always been being a key presumption of existence for human society. Availability of diverse resources, ability to exploit them or control access to them preconditioned or even determined the selection of sites for settling, level of development and life standard of individual communities. Studying the relation of human societies to natural resources and their background is an important part of archaeological investigation and its sub-discipline, the so-called economic archaeology. Implementation of archaeometric methods guarantees interdisciplinary approach and higher objectivity of obtained results. In the project, the relation of the human societies to the natural resources will be studied, as well as the impact of this relation to the way of life in the Bronze and Iron Ages in the territory of contemporary Slovakia. It will be based on processing and evaluation of materials from settlement sites with various functions and various exploited natural resources: organic (plant and animal) as well as anorganic ones (in the project, with special focus on clay, copper/bronze and iron). Employment of archaeometric methods by investigating the individual types of sources (metal and pottery artifacts, archaeobotanical and archaeozoological material) and interdisciplinary approach to them will ensure the objectivity of obtained results. At selected sites with documented specialized metallurgic production, interdisciplinary field research connected with the investigation of their background will be carried out. The expected outcomes include a reconstruction of strategies in detection and exploitation of natural resources and testing and/or defining new methodologies for investigation of prehistoric and protohistoric metallurgic centres in mountainous environment.

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Výskum, interpretácia a reštaurovanie archeologických textilných nálezov

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: Ministerstvo školstva, vedy, výskumu a športu
Project leader: Mgr. Štolcová Tereza PhD.
Annotation:The research, interpretation and restoration project of archaeological textile findings will help to extend the educational and research workplaces for the needs of this specialization. The study of textile conservation and textile will be enriched by professional lectures, workshops, excursions and also many thematic discussions. Collaboration with leading workplaces and their staff as well as with foreign experts is a guarantee of high-quality training for new professionals. The project can be divided into two parts. The first is a systematic study of archaeological textiles and fragments, with a fundamental degree of restoration, archaeological and cultural-historical research. Textile restoration and restoration research will be carried out in the textile restoration studio at the Department of Restoration of the Academy of Fine Arts and Design in cooperation with several specialized workplaces equipped with instrumentation and personnel for analyses needed for restoration research. The summary of all results and research as well as the current restoration of textile archaeological finds would create a database of information, procedures, methodologies mapping this area. The result would create a second part of the project - a script / professional publication and could serve researchers of multiple disciplines to understand archaeological textiles and, in particular, to protect them because they represent an inherently underdeveloped segment of cultural heritage.

Military and horse equipment in Medieval Period

Výzbroj a výstroj bojovníka a jeho koňa v stredoveku

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Holeščák Michal PhD.
Annotation:Analysis of the chosen artefact types connected with weapons, armour and horse riding equipment, remains of military clashes and presence of armed groups in one place. From the geographical viewpoint, proposed grant rises from regional level to global context of whole Eurasia, from the chronological viewpoint the primary focus is the Medieval Period, from its Early to Late stages. Archaeological material will be analysed with use of modern methods and geographical information systems. The focus of the project is to percieve local and global development, kultural and regional specifications of weapons, armour and horse horse harness in the region north of the Danube in connection with over-regional units in their respective time periods, like the Great Moravia or the Kingdom of Hungary.

Importance of obsidian sources in Slovakia in the Neolithic and Eneolithic period

Význam zdrojov obsidiánu na Slovensku v období paleolitu až eneolitu

Duration: 1. 7. 2021 - 30. 6. 2025
Program: APVV
Project leader: PhDr. Cheben Ivan CSc.
Annotation:The issue of the chipped industrie of the Stone Age was dealt with in Slovakia, especially for the Neolithic period and eneolite, rather marginally. Only some larger finding files have been evaluated. It is only in recent years that research into this issue has been more intensively developed. For the study of split industry, modern analyses are applied which can affect the stages of production processes from the acquisition of raw material from primary or secondary sources, through their initial processing, distribution to final use. The evaluation of the questions set is based on a comprehensive analysis of obsidian artifacts. The project is aimed at a comprehensive evaluation of obsidian split industry, as well as the findings from the Paleolithion period to the earlier Bronze Age from the territory of Slovakia, including the sources of obsidian, the primary occurrence of which is situated in the south-eastern part of the country. The issues addressed are closely related to obsidian research – it is about capturing processes such as importing a given raw material into a housing estate, transforming it and determining the artifact that was the target of its production. They form the basis for an overall theoretical evaluation of the observed issue.

Projects total: 40