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Project

Earth Science Institute of the SAS

International Projects

Adria Array in Slovakia

AdriaArray na Slovensku

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: Mobility
Project leader: Mgr. Csicsay Kristián PhD.
Annotation:The AdriaArray is a new European initiative, rooted on previous successful multidisciplinary AlpArray project realised in a broad international cooperation. Currently about 20 institutions join forces for the new large-scale passive seismic experiment with stations to be deployed from French Massif Central on the west, across the Carpathians in the east to the Balkan on the south. Temporary seismic stations from the MOBNET pool of the Institute of Geophysics of the Czech Academy of Sciences (lG CAS) installed in Slovakia, link the two large European experiments and provide unique data for structural studies of the Western Carpathians. The main purpose of the bilateral Czech-Slovak Mobility Plus Project is to intensify cooperation between both institutions and to transfer experience with organizing, running and data processing Joint Czech-Slovak research will be oriented towards seismic-gravity and geophysical-petrological modelling of the Carpathian lithosphere, seismotectonics and will search relation of the deep Earth processes with surface phenomena including natural hazards.

FAIRNESS - FAIR Network of micrometeorological measurements, Akcia CA20108

FAIR sieť mikrometeorologických meraní, Akcia CA20108

Duration: 14. 10. 2021 - 13. 10. 2025
Program: COST
Project leader: RNDr. Nejedlík Pavol CSc.
Annotation:The FAIRNESS action intends to improve standardization and integration between databases/sets of micrometeorological measurements that are part of research projects or local/regional observational networks established for special purposes (agrometeorology, urban microclimate monitoring). Addressing identified challenges requires an effective transboundary network of researchers, stakeholders (extension services and environmental agencies, local authorities and ministries, SME) and civil society (specialized and general public) from Europe and beyond to identify and fill knowledge gaps, standardize, optimize and promote new environmental-tailored measurement and control procedures, enhance research effectiveness and improve dissemination.

Correlation and comparisom of the products of the late Permian and early to mid Triassic magmatic activity in the Balkanides (median and external zones) and Western Carpathians

Korelácia a porovnanie produktov vrchnopermskýej a spodnotriasovej magmatickej aktivity v Balkanidách a Západných Karpatoch

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: Mobility
Project leader: RNDr. Broska Igor DrSc.

INTERMAGNET - International Real-time Magnetic Observatory Network

Medzinárodná sieť magnetických observatórií v reálnom čase

Duration: 1. 1. 2020 -
Program: Iné
Project leader: RNDr. Váczyová Magdaléna PhD.
Annotation:Registration, data processing and sending the minute elements of the geomagnetic field values in real-time (within 72 hours) to INTERMAGNET GINs
Project web page:www.intermagnet.org

Western Tethys meets Eastern Tethys

Oceánske prepojenie východnej a západnej Tethýdy

Duration: 1. 1. 2020 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: UNESCO
Project leader: doc. RNDr. Soták Ján DrSc.
Annotation:The aim of this IGCP project is to bring together geologists from the western and eastern parts of the former Tethys (Morocco/Iberia–SE Asia) for establishing a common framework and a common tectonostratigraphical concept (latest Paleozoic–Mesozoic with emphasis on Permian–Jurassic).

D-Rex - Deposit-to-Regional Scale Exploration

Od ložiskového k regionálnemu prieskumu

Duration: 1. 12. 2020 - 30. 11. 2023
Program: Multilaterálne - iné
Project leader: RNDr. Vozár Ján PhD.
Annotation:Mineral deposits are a small part of a very large geological context, the so-called mineral system. The first objective of D-Rex is to build onto this new paradigm with geophysical data from three prospective areas in Sweden, Greenland and Finland. Therefore, the second objective of D-Rex is the integration of multi-facetted geophysical data acquired at those prospective areas. The third objective of D-Rex is the unification, optimum integration and visualization of geological and geophysical data on the basis of the Common Earth Modelling (CEM) concept. Key element of the project involves: Electromagnetic (deposit scale) surveys; Development of multimethod 3D modelling/inversion technique; Joint inversion assisted by machine learning techniques to couple different geophysical parameters, to uncover correlations between them as well as their absence; Regional to deposit scale models integration into Common Earth Model based on all available geophysical and geological data; Building predictivity maps based on the regional models; Correlation and interpretation of regional scale together with deposit scale models. The outputs of this project will be novel technologies and workflows that directly address Europe’s goal to become self-sufficient in terms of raw materials. We will achieve an improved understanding of the geological history of key mineral districts in Europe and by proxy also other similar or related European metallogenic zones. This understanding will result in improved models for the formation of minerals and allow us to better predict their expected locations. This will lead to the discovery of new, higher-grade and possibly larger mineral deposits and thus better supply.
Project web page:https://mt.research.ltu.se/web/

OPENSENSE - Opportunistic precipitation sensing network

Oportunistické formy merania atmosferických zrážok

Duration: 13. 10. 2021 - 12. 10. 2025
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Onderka Milan PhD.
Annotation:Despite advances in remote sensing, precipitation observations remain one of the weakest links in the description of Earth’s water cycle. This is especially critical in the face of climate change, human-induced hydrologic changes e.g. due to rapid urbanisation, and consequent increase in frequency and magnitude of extreme events. Opportunistic sensing can greatly improve spatial and temporal resolution of standard precipitation monitoring networks on continental scale by complementing them with measurements from personal weather stations or devices primarily not intended for precipitation monitoring such as commercial microwave links or broadband satellite terminals. The number of opportunistic sensors has already now exceeded traditional in-situ observations by an order of magnitude, and it is increasing exponentially. Nevertheless, it is still unclear how to make this data operationally accessible, achieve robust quality control of these observations, and integrate them into standard observation systems.OPENSENSE brings together scientists investigating different opportunistic sensors, experts from national weather services, owners of sensor networks, and end-users of rainfall products to build a worldwide reference opportunistic sensing community. It will i) overcome key barriers preventing data exchange and acceptance as hydrometeorological observations ii) define standards to allow for large-scale benchmarking of OS precipitation products developing new methods for precipitation retrieval iii) coordinate integration of the opportunistic observations into traditional monitoring networks, and iv) identify potential new sources of precipitation observations. These coordinated activities will boost uptake of OS as precipitation observation methods and enable generation of high-quality precipitation products with unprecedented spatial and temporal resolution.

Comparison of geophysical and geological structures of the Western Carpathian lithosphere with other orogenic areas in Europe ämainly Bohemian Massif and Norwegian Caledonides)

Porovnanie geofyzikálnych a geologických štruktúr litosféry Západných Karpát s inými orogénnymi oblasťami Európy (hlavne s Českým masívom a nórskymi kaledonidami)

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: Mobility
Project leader: RNDr. Bezák Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:The project is focused on the comparison of geophysical parameters of the crust and lithosphere of various orogene areas (Alpine in the Western Carpathians, Hercynian in the Bohemian massif and Caledonian in Norway). We will use the results of older projects and also newly collected mainly magnetotelluric data.

PEGMAT - Evolved magmatic and pegmatic systems as source of critical row materials and industrial minerals

Rozvinuté magmtické a pegmatitické systémy ako zdroje nedostatkových nerastných surovín a priemyselných minerálov

Duration: 1. 5. 2022 - 30. 4. 2025
Program: Multilaterálne - iné
Project leader: RNDr. Broska Igor DrSc.

DIG - De-risking Ireland’s Geothermal Energy Potential

Spresnenie írskeho potenciálu geotermálnej energie

Duration: 11. 2. 2020 - 30. 12. 2022
Program: Iné
Project leader: RNDr. Vozár Ján PhD.
Annotation:The four-year research project will integrate multi-disciplinary, multi-scale geophysical, geological and geochemical data by means of joint analysis, interpretation, modelling and inversion. The DIG team assembled for the project brings comprehensive knowledge of geophysical and geological methods. These include active and passive seismics, active and passive (i.e. magnetotellurics) electromagnetic methods, and integrated geophysical-petrological modelling together with Irish crustal geology and rock geochemistry.
Project web page:https://www.dias.ie/2020/02/12/a-major-research-project-on-geothermal-energy-has-started-at-dias-ucc/

National Projects

3D integrated geophysical model of the Tatra Mountains and their surroundings

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Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: DoktoGranty
Project leader: Mgr. Godová Dominika

An analysis of robustness of selected structural parameters in relation to earthquake ground motion in local near-surface structures with stochastic perturbations of material parameters

Analýza robustnosti vybraných štrukturálnych parametrov vo vzťahu k seizmickému pohybu v lokálnych povrchových štruktúrach so stochastickými perturbáciami materiálových parametrov.

Duration: 1. 1. 2020 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Gális Martin PhD.
Annotation:Sufficiently accurate estimates of earthquake ground motion (EGM) at a site of interest is important for mitigation of potential damage during future earthquakes. EGM and associated damage during an earthquake can be significantly affected by site effects (e.g., an anomalous amplification of EGM). Key structural parameters, with potential to cause site effects, were identified using extensive numerical simulations of EGM performed in the framework of projects NERA (FP7) and SIGMA (EDF, CEA, Areva, ENEL). The simulations and analysis focused on deterministic models. An ongoing ID-Effects project (APVV) investigates also random variations of small-scale heterogeneities of material parameters (e.g., seismic wave speeds). The stochastic character of the variations requires an additional specific analysis. The most important aspect of the additional investigation is analysis of stability of the key structural parameters in complex stochastic models.

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Asociácie a paragenézy supergénnych minerálov: odraz migrácie ťažkých prvkov v životnom prostredí

Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Siman Pavol PhD.

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Atlas tektonických dislokácií zemskej kôry na území Slovenska

Duration: 1. 7. 2022 - 30. 6. 2026
Program: APVV
Project leader: RNDr. Bezák Vladimír CSc.

BENTONIT - 3V - Bentonite: Slovak strategic raw material - Innovative assessment of bentonite quality and origin for its efficient use

Bentonit: strategická surovina Slovenska – inovatívne hodnotenie zdrojov a ich kvality pre jej efektívne využívanie

Duration: 1. 7. 2021 - 30. 6. 2025
Program: APVV
Project leader: RNDr. Biroň Adrián CSc.

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Časové a priestorové zmeny v spoločenstve koralinných rias a treťohorných plytkovodných vápencov Západných Karpát

Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2025
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Hrabovský Juraj PhD.

TAMARA - Reading in natural archives: thousands of years of environmental history and climate change recorded in alpine lakes of the Ukrainian Carpathians

Čítanie v prírodných archívoch: tisíce rokov dlhá história prostredia a klimatických zmien zaznamenaná v alpínskych jazerách Ukrajinských Karpát

Duration: 1. 7. 2021 - 30. 6. 2025
Program: APVV
Project leader: Dr. Kyška-Pipík Radovan PhD.

PSR-SUDE - Evolution of biota and climate in the southern Turgai Strait: refuge populated by endemic species or paleoenvironment that enabled selective faunal exchange between Asia and Europe in Cretaceous?

Evolúcia bioty a podnebia v oblasti južného Turgajského prielivu: refúgium endemitov alebo paleoprostredie selektívnej výmeny fauny medzi Áziou a Európou v období kriedy?

Duration: 1. 7. 2022 - 31. 12. 2025
Program: APVV
Project leader: Mgr. Milovský Rastislav PhD.

Extensometric measurements and interpretation of the periodical and non periodical deformation of the Earth´s crust in the Western Carpathian region

Extenzometrické merania a interpretácia periodických a neperiodických deformácií zemskej kôry v oblasti Západných Karpát

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Dérerová Jana PhD.

Genesis and evolutionary stages of the granite massif in the Tatric part of the Nízke Tatry Mts.

Genéza a evolučné štádiá granitového masívu tatrickej časti Nízkych

Duration: 1. 1. 2020 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Broska Igor DrSc.
Annotation:Project is focused on solution of genesis and evolution of granite massif in the Tatric part of the Nízke Tatry Mountains where up to now seven granite types were recognised. In spite of the importance of this large granite massif the modern complex geochemical and petrological analysis along with modern geochronology and solving genetic time sequence (mainly on the basis of the monazite chemical dating and isotopic zircon analysis) still absents. The new obtained data for the granite massif of the Nizke Tatry Mts., which has been repeatedly metamorphosed and has metallogenetic significance, will be correlated with the granites in the rest of the West-Carpathian crystalline basement and also with the Variscan Europe.

Density analysis of the rock environment based on surface and underground gravity measurements

Hustotná analýza horninového prostredia na základe povrchových a podzemných gravimetrických meraní.

Duration: 1. 1. 2020 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Zahorec Pavol PhD.
Annotation:Density of rocks is a basic parameter characterizing the rock environment from the point of view of gravimetry. Its correct estimation for a given area is a necessary condition for correct processing and interpretation of gravimetric measurements. In the case of Slovakia that fact is emphasized by the rugged mountainous character of our territory, and at the same time complicated geological structure of the Western Carpathians. It is known that laboratory density analyzes of rock samples do not always reflect the natural density properties of the rocks. For that reason methods of direct analysis of gravimetric measurements are becoming increasingly important. In particular, the combination of surface and underground gravimetric measurements is a very suitable approach. The aim of the project will be to develop this methodology using the most modern geophysical and geodetic methods. The subject of the research will also be the application of the above-mentioned methodology in the archaeological research.

Chronology of global events in Tethyan and Parathethyan basins of the Western Carpathians infered from evolution and life environments of fossil planktonic organisms.

Chronológia globálnych udalostí v tethýdnych a paratethýdnych panvách Západných Karpát na základe evolučného vývoja a životných podmienok fosílnych planktonických organizmov.

Duration: 1. 1. 2020 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: doc. RNDr. Soták Ján DrSc.

Paleoproxy - Chronostratigraphic standards and sedimentary archives of global changes of biota and paleoenvironments of the Western Carpathians

Chronostratigrafické štandardy a sedimentárne archívy globálnych zmien života a paleoprostredia Západných Karpát

Duration: 1. 8. 2021 - 30. 6. 2025
Program: APVV
Project leader: doc. RNDr. Soták Ján DrSc.

Immobilization of potentially toxic elements in contaminated soils at important Cu-deposits of Europe

Imobilizácia potenciálne toxických prvkov v kontaminovaných pôdach na významných Cu-ložiskách Európy

Duration: 1. 1. 2019 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Milovská Stanislava PhD.

Integration of latest findings and approaches of gravimetry, geothermics and deep seismics for determining lithospheric structure and tectonics focusing on Western Carpathians

Integrácia najnovších poznatkov a interpretačných prístupov gravimetrie, geotermiky a hlbinnej seizmiky pre určenie stavby a tektoniky litosféry s dôrazom na Západné Karpaty

Duration: 1. 1. 2019 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Vajda Peter PhD.
Annotation:Integration of the most recent knowledge, findings, and interpretation approaches to investigating the geological structure and tectonic processes of the lithosphere of the Western Carpathians by means of gravimetry, geothermics, deep seismics, structural geology and tectonics. To study the lithosphere, existing available geophysical data as well as geological and tectonic models will be reinterpreted utilizing the most recent approaches and modeling tools. New 2D and 3D crustal and upper mantle models shall be created including refined Moho and LAB. Our reinterpretation will lean on most recent findings from geothermic modeling and magnetotelluric exploration achieved over latest years at our institute. The final lithospheric geological-geophysical models will draw from the results of regional geologic and tectonic investigations. The project aims at improving the quality of basic earth science research in Slovakia. We assume also deliverables in terms of exploiting geo-sources and renewable energy.

Complex analysis of the effects of rising air temperature on rainfall extremes in Slovakia

Komplexná analýza vplyvu rastúcej teploty vzduchu na extremalitu zrážok na Slovensku

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Onderka Milan PhD.
Annotation:Climate extremes, including extreme rainfall and heat waves, have intensified in the recent decades. This trend is attributable mainly to higher temperature and subsequent higher water vapor content in the atmosphere. A simple relation of precipitation extremes and air temperature is site specific and the relationship between air temperature, dew point temperature and precipitation extremes should be evaluated for each site individually. To our best knowledge, no study has yet been conducted in Slovakia that would deal with the complex stochastic characteristics of precipitation extremes in relation to air temperature, humidity and climate indices simultaneously. In this project we will develop novel process-oriented procedures to estimate design rainfall values. In addition, we will project annual, seasonal, daily and sub-day rainfall sums and their quantiles for time horizons (eg 2030, 2050 and 2080) based on the outputs of the regional climate modelsRCMs (e.g. CORDEX or ALADIN).

Fine laminated deposits - a tool for chronology of the latest Pleistocene climatic events in the Tatra Mts.

Laminované sedimenty – nástroj pre chronológiu klimatických eventov v Tatrách na konci pleistocénu

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Dr. Kyška-Pipík Radovan PhD.

Magnetotelluric modeling of deep tectonic structures at the European pltform and Carpathian block interface.

Magnetotelurické modelovanie hlbokých tektonických štruktúr na kontakte Európskej platformy a Karpatského bloku.

Duration: 1. 1. 2020 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Bezák Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:The development during the youngest phases of the current orogeny of the Western Carpathians is atypical compared to the other young orogeny in the world. The cause is the oblique collision of the Carpathian block with European platform leading to the formation of highly complex subsurface tectonic structures at the interface of these two plates. It is also important to trace the manifestations of this oblique collision in the deep tectonic structures. This is only possible through geophysical methods. The project aims to analyze the deep tectonic structures at the interface between European platform and Carpathian block by magnetotelluric modeling using seismic, gravimetric and magnetic data.

Metamorphic processes in collisional orogenic zones

Metamorfné procesy v kolíznych orogénnych zónach

Duration: 1. 1. 2020 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Janák Marian DrSc.
Annotation:The project deals with metamorphic processes in collisional orogenic zones, mainly ultrahigh-pressure metamoprhism (UHPM). Several types of rocks - eclogites, garnet peridotites, gneisses, granulites and migmatites will be investigated in selected terrains including the Western Carpathians, Eastern Alps (Pohorje), Scandinavian Caledonides and Rhodopes. Major objectives of the project include phase relations of mineral assemblages and thermodynamic (P-T-X) conditions during subduction and exhumation. A special attention will be paid to identification of ultrahigh- pressure phases including microdiamonds. Detailed study of accessory minerals (monazite, zircon, rutile) will be focused on their stability in metamorphic processes with implications for geochronological dating and reconstruction of the P-T-t paths. The project will be carried out using modern and innovative methods and the outputs from the project may expand knowledge on geodynamic evolution of Earth´s lithosphere in collisional orogenic zones.

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Mineralógia a genéza drahokovovej epitermálnej Au-Ag mineralizácie v JZ časti štiavnického stratovulkánu (oblasť Rudno-Pukanec)

Duration: 1. 1. 2020 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Mikuš Tomáš PhD.

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Mobilita a akumulácia kritických prvkov pri vzniku a alterácií orogénnych karbonatitov

Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: doc. RNDr. Hurai Vratislav DrSc.

ALCABA - New Bouguer anomaly map of the Alpine-Carpathian area: a tool for gravity and tectonic applications

Nová mapa Bouguerových anomálií alpsko-karpatskej oblasti: nástroj pre gravimetrické a tektonické aplikácie

Duration: 1. 7. 2020 - 30. 6. 2024
Program: APVV
Project leader: Mgr. Zahorec Pavol PhD.
Annotation:Exact calculation of the complete Bouguer anomalies (CBA) plays an important role in applied gravimetry, whereas these serve as the main input into geological, structural and tectonic interpretation (in CBA maps all non-geological influences – mainly the manifestation of relief - are suppresed and the density inhomogeneities in lithosphere structure are displayed). The team of investigators of the submitted project was invited in the frame of an European initiative (AlpArray Gravity Research Group) with the aim to create a new map of CBA from the Alpine-Carpathian area. Up to day published solutions, coming from the so-called „Slovak gravimetric school“ (e.g.: reambulation of gravimetric databases on the national level, calculation of near and distant topographic effects, regularized, transformations of potential fields, 3D complex density modelling with the introduction of the geological corrections, stripping of gravimetric fields) could be further developed and applied during the tectonic interpretation of the new CBA map from the Alpine-Carpathian region with the aim to improve the knowledge about Alpine orogenesis and its relation to the upper-mantle dynamics. As a part of the project, there are planned also verification field measurements, which can contribute to the improvement of the precision of the gravimetrical dataset of the Alpine- Carpathian area. Project has chance to develop the methodics of CBA calculation in high-mountains environment using the concept of ellipsoidal heights and to deliver to other experts an unique new gravimetric map from the region of Western and Central Europe. Main output of the project will be the new CBA map from the Alpine- Carpathian region in a digital format (grid 4x4 km), which will be provided for a realisation of gravimetric, geodynamic, exploration, geothermal and other studies and researches. Additional outputs of the project will be the transformed maps (grids) of CBA field.

Radon activity concentration in selected show caves in Slovakia

Objemová aktivita radónu vo vybraných sprístupnených jaskyniach na Slovensku

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing., RNDr. Smetanová Iveta PhD.
Annotation:The project addresses the investigation of radon activity concentration (222Rn) in the atmosphere of selected show caves in Slovakia, using integral and continuous measurements. Long-term integral and short-term continuous monitoring will be performed in the atmosphere of the Brestovská Cave, the Harmanecká Cave and the Demänovská jaskyňa slobody Cave. In the Važecká Cave the continuous monitoring of radon will continue. Periodic and non periodic variation of radon activity concentration will be evaluated in relation to the meteorological parameters measured inside and outside the cave. Radon activity concentration in water collected from lakes and streams in the above mentioned caves will be determined. On the basis of the obtained experimental data a model of seasonal, daily and short-term variations of radon in caves will be proposed and tested, as well as model of their ventilation regime.

Response of Mountain pine to stress factors in mountain areas of the Western Carpathians

Odozva borovice horskej – kosodreviny na stresové faktory v horských oblastiach Západných Karpát

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Lukasová Veronika PhD.
Annotation:The communities of Mountain pine (Pinus mugo) fulfill important ecological and environmental functions in mountainous areas. Due to climate changes, these communities are exposed to warming, extreme weather conditions (hot dry summers, warm spells in winters, reduced snow periods and snow cover) and high surface ozone (O3) concentrations, which affects their condition. The project presents a comprehensive approach to assess the biological response of P. mugo communities to stress factors (O3 concentration and bioclimatic conditions) evaluated by the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), oxidative stability (OxSt) and the visible injury index (VII) of assimilation organs. The use of NDVI derived from satellite data which reflects the amount of chlorophyll in plant tissues; provides the possibility to analyze the damage in a large scale. Presented project is highly topical and responds to the requirements of the European Commission for the conservation of biodiversity in the context of climate change.

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Paleogeografické a geodynamické interpretácie detritických minerálov z vybraných oblastí Západných Karpát: prípadová štúdia identifikácie charakteru transportných podmienok a zdrojových oblastí v krasových a nekrasových územiach

Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Broska Igor DrSc.

Preservation potential and effects of hypoxic events on benthic communities in the fossil record

Potenciál na zachovanie hypoxických eventov a ich účinok na bentické spoločenstvá vo fosílnom zázname

Duration: 1. 1. 2019 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Tomašových Adam DrSc.
Annotation:Hypoxic events can strongly reduce productivity and nutrient recycling in ecosystems and increase probability of species extinctions. Preservation potential of hypoxic events in the fossil record can be low if there is a relatively long time for ecosystem recovery in the wake of oxygen depletion, if depth of bioturbation is large, and/or if sedimentation rate is very slow. In this project, we will use actualistic and paleoecological methods to determine conditions under which benthic responses to hypoxic events can be preserved in the fossil record. First, we will assess preservation potential of benthic respones to hypoxia in Holocene sediments on continental shelves off southern California and in the Adriatic Sea. Second, we will evaluate temporal and spatial variability in the composition of benthic communities in successions characterized by alternations of normoxic and hypoxic conditions in semi-enclosed basins during the Triassic and Early Jurassic (Alps) and Miocene (Vienna and Korneuburg basins).

Variability of geomagnetic field in various time scales from the point of view of physical causes

Premenlivosť geomagnetického poľa v rôznych časových škálach z pohľadu fyzikálnych príčin

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2023
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Revallo Miloš PhD.
Annotation:The project is aimed at modelling of selected aspects of geomagnetism related to the variability of the Earth's magnetic field in various time scales. In the case of short time scales (hours, days), magnetic disturbances due to external influences, especially variable solar activity, will be investigated. In the case of long time scales, a partial task of the project will be the analysis of processes related to the internal sources of the magnetic field. Rapid time changes of the field are one of the manifestations of space weather, which can endanger present technological systems. Slow temporal changes of the field are the reason why its monitoring is necessary, especially for navigation purposes in aviation. The presented project is focused on solving partial problems related to a wider spectrum of variations of the Earth's magnetic field, with a physical view of the causes in connection with variable solar activity and also with the basic principles related to the generation processes of the field.

RADCAMIN - Radon in caves and mines – Portugese and Slovak case studies

Radón v jaskynných a banských priestoroch – portugalská a slovenská prípadová štúdia

Duration: 1. 1. 2019 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: APVV
Project leader: Ing., RNDr. Smetanová Iveta PhD.
Annotation:This bilateral mobility project proposes the setup of a new joint team able to exploit the synergy of the Slovak and Portuguese expertise on radon and environmental radioactivity. The project addresses the radioactivity of underground environments, particularly caves and mines, as the radioactivity level in the air and water of these specific environments is very relevant for both geophysical exploration and radioprotection. The project will focus on specific case studies from Slovakia and Portugal, including the Domica cave (Southern Slovakia), the gallery of St. Anthony of Padua (Central Slovakia), and the mine of Urgeiriça (Central Portugal). The parameters driving the variations of radon concentration and gamma radiation in these underground environments will be investigated. In addition to atmospheric radioactivity, measurements of radiation levels in water by autonomous robotic systems, with emphasis on the flooded portions of the caves and mines, will be also exploited.

Rifting and subsidence history of back-arc basins across the Western Carpathians

Rifting a subsidenčná história zaoblúkových paniev Západných Karpát

Duration: 1. 1. 2021 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Kotulová Júlia PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on the research of subsidence history, mainly in the Danube and East Slovakian Neogene basins. Due to a plentiful newly published research results, a need to revise older models is now present. With regards to the the aims of this work, new biostratigraphic, radiometric and geochemical analyzes (organic carbon content, Rock-Eval pyrolysis, vitrinite reflectance, biomarkers) will be performed. They will be derived from key deep wells, outcrops and correlated by using available reflection seismic. The analysis of subsidence history will allow the determination of the total, tectonic and thermal history in connection with the geodynamic development of the Western Carpathians. The study will also bring new insights into the hydrocarbon and geothermal systems of the basins. The final refined tectono-thermal models will therefore be potentially applicable in various energy industry sectors.

Recent and historical seismic activity in the Little Carpathians Mts. source zone

Súčasná a historická seizmická aktivita v zdrojovej oblasti Malé Karpaty

Duration: 1. 1. 2019 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Csicsay Kristián PhD.
Annotation:The Little Carpathians Mts. source zone belongs to the most seismic active regions on the territory of Slovakia. The goal of submitted project is to better understand the seismic regime of this area. The project is focused on acquiring and analyses of geophysical data, mainly seismic monitoring, reinterpretation of macroseismic data and data on historical earthquakes. One of the main intentions of the project is to refine the existing seismotectonic model of the Little Carpathians Mts. source zone. Data obtained within the frame of proposed project belong to the crucial inputs for seismic hazard assessment. The high importance of this analysis for the investigated region is emphasized by vicinity of the Jaslovské Bohunice nuclear power plant.

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Šváby zo svetových jantárov III.

Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Vršanský Peter PhD.

HARDROCKS - Ultrahogh-pressure metamorphic rocks and granitoids of colisional orogens: P-T-X conditions, formation of microdiamonds, stability of accessory minerals nd geodynamic evolution

Ultravysokotlakové metamorfované horniny a granitoidy kolíznych orogénov : P-T-X podmienky, tvorba mikrodiamantov, stabilita akcesorických minerálov a geodynamický vývoj

Duration: 1. 7. 2019 - 30. 6. 2023
Program: APVV
Project leader: RNDr. Janák Marian DrSc.
Annotation:The project deals with ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism and granitoid magmatism in collisional orogenic zones. Ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks - eclogites, garnet peridotites, gneisses, granulites and various types of granitoids will be investigated in selected terrains including the Western Carpathians, Eastern Alps (Pohorje), Scandinavian Caledonides and Rhodopes. These will serve as case studies of geodynamic evolution in collisional orogens of different age. Major objectives of the project include phase relations of mineral assemblages and thermodynamic (P-T-X) conditions during subduction and exhumation. A special attention will be paid to identification of ultrahigh- pressure phases to elucidate formation of microdiamonds. There will be a possibility to find new occurrences of UHP rocks. Granitoids of the Western Carpathians will be studied to determine their genesis, age and geotectonic setting with emphasis to solve their geodynamic evolution during Variscan orogeny. Detailed study of accessory minerals (monazite,allanite, rutile, ilmenite, apatite, tourmaline, zircon) will be focused on their stability in magmatic, post-magmatic and metamorphic processes, geochronological dating and reconstruction of the P-T-t paths. The project will be carried out using modern and innovative methods and the outputs from the project may expand knowledge on geodynamic evolution of Earth´s lithosphere in collisional orogenic zones.

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Výskum plyvu geologických aspektov na odhad sezónnych korekčných faktorov radónu pre pobytové priestory

Duration: 1. 1. 2022 - 31. 12. 2024
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing., RNDr. Smetanová Iveta PhD.

Composition, sources, transport and paleogeographic conditions of deposition of siliciclastic material in Triassic/Jurassic boundary formation of units of the Tatra Mts

Zloženie, zdroje, transport a paleogeografické podmienky sedimentácie siliciklastického materiálu v triasovo/jurských hraničných súvrstviach jednotiek oblasti Tatier

Duration: 1. 1. 2019 - 31. 12. 2022
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Vďačný Marek PhD.
Annotation:Significant environmental and evolution events took place during the Triassic/Jurassic boundary. Profile studies of the Triassic/Jurassic boundary formations of the Western Carpathians are therefore of a high importance. In viewpoint of evaluation of paleogeographic, paleoecologic and especially paleoclimatic conditions and their changes during the Triassic/Jurassic boundary, they represent important formations. Therefore, the project aims to solve problems of composition, sources and material transport of the Triassic/Jurassic boundary formations in the Vysoké Tatry Mts, using complex petrographic and geochemical approaches. Moreover, it will clarify the weathering intensity in the source area, paleoclimatic conditions, tectonic mobility, and geodynamic developments and test the validity of existing paleogeographic models.

Projects total: 44