Information Page of SAS Organisation

Institute of Geography

International projects

Endogenous and exogenous development potential in Slovak and Polish marginalized areas
Endogénny a exogénny potenciál rozvoja marginalizovaných oblastí na Slovensku a v Poľsku
Program: Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader: RNDr. Székely Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:The project concerns the methods of delimitation of marginalized areas and the identification of endogenous and exogenous development potentials that may be subject to effective intervention from central and local authorities. The effects of public and private investments will also be examined. The project has undertaken four basic tasks: a) comparison of the methodology of delimitation of marginalized areas in Slovakia and Poland; b) evaluation of development potentials of marginalized areas in Poland and Slovakia, including potentials: socio-demographic, environmental, transport, economic and touristic; c) evaluation of the effects of large private and public investments to stimulate development and overcome marginalization; d) indications and recommendations for regional and cohesion policy in Poland and Slovakia.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2021

Assessment of Drought Impact on Vegetation Dynamics in Riparian Zone of Braided-Wandering River System
Hodnotenie dopadov sucha na dynamiku vegetácie v ripariálnej zóne divočiaco-migrujúceho riečneho systému
Program: European Space Agency (ESA)
Project leader: Mgr. Rusnák Miloš PhD.
Duration: 27.4.2020 - 27.10.2020

Polish borders as a resource – between heritage and tourism product
Hranice Poľska ako potenciál – medzi dedičstvom a produktom cestovného ruchu
Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: Mgr. Michniak Daniel PhD.
Annotation:Traditionally borders were understood as barriers. In last few years we observe many new meanings of borders. One of them is new idea of borders as a resource. The project focuses on the production of heritage and tourist attraction related on Polish borders actual and former (relict borders). The research questions are defined as follows: (1) How are the border resources created and utilized for heritage and tourism development in the Polish border areas? (2) Which scalar dimensions of border resources, heritage and spatial identity are manifested at the tourist sites at will use to creation of tourism products (3) Where and why are borders a basis for tourism development? Which spatial form they create? (accidentally, as a single place of memory, line of memory, two sites cooperating between them, network of cooperation, region)? Are they function as growth pole for local or regional development? (4) How does the mobilization of different Actors on using border resources to tourism product creation safeguard or undermine the integrated approach in tourism development of border adjacent areas? (5) How and where borders are transformed into tourism products, which elements are used and how they function in reality, perception and virtual space (digital place)?
Duration: 1.9.2019 - 28.2.2022

V4 communication platform for use of Earth Observation methods in biotic forest disturbances
Komunikačná platforma krajín V4 pre využívanie metód pozorovania Zeme pri biotickom poškodení lesa
Program: International Visegrad Found (IVF)
Project leader: RNDr. Kopecká Monika PhD.
Duration: 20.9.2019 - 30.8.2020

CONVERGES - Knowledge conversion for enhancing management of European riparian ecosystems and services
Konverzia vedomostí na zlepšenie manažmentu európskych ripariálnych ekosystémov a služieb
Program: COST
Project leader: Ing. Kidová Anna PhD.
Annotation:Riparian ecosystems comprise the physical environment and biological communities that lay at the interface of freshwater and terrestrial systems. They are recognised as ecosystems that are highly diverse and contain specialist ecological communities, as well as providers of multiple ecosystem services. Recognizing of the importance of riparian ecosystems has resulted in much research within Europe. Despite this body of work and policy motivation, progress in improving the state of riparian ecosystems across Europe has been very limited. This is probably because of a misalignment of ‘frames’ (i.e. the ways in which individuals or organisations with different backgrounds, geographical origin, cultural contexts, or purpose, know and conceive of such complex systems). Specific issues related to the misalignment of frames between stakeholders in riparian research and management are the following ones: (i) the wide geographical dispersion and heterogeneity of current knowledge across EU Member States; (ii) a lack of effective communication and sharing of knowledge among scientists from different disciplines and from different countries; (iii) insufficient and problematic knowledge conversion and experiences from academics to managers/practitioners; (iv) a lack of suitable assessment tools that allow comparability between fluvial systems; (v) insufficient momentum behind the body of research to create effective coordinated action or policy creation at the level needed.
Project web page:
Duration: 1.4.2019 - 30.11.2021

CLIMASTEPPE - Solutions for climate-smart land use in the dry steppes of Russia
Riešenia pre klimaticky vhodné poľnohospodárstvo v suchých stepných oblastiach Ruska
Program: ERANET
Project leader: Mgr. Pazúr Róbert PhD.
Annotation:In future there would be need to supply more agricultural products to meet demands from increasing world population. However, adverse impacts of climate change will hit major breadbaskets, and more heavily, the agricultural frontiers, such as the Russian dry steppes, where negative impacts of climate change are projected. The Russian dry steppes also is a region where adoption of climate-smart agriculture may allow reducing the negative impacts of climate change, cut the Greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and result in defragmentation of steppes. We face a “hot moment” because after 1991 economy restructuring resulted in massive agricultural land abandonment and the restoration of steppes. Recent plans about recultivation of steppes underscore the importance to evaluate the trade-offs between agricultural expansion and ecosystem services. The ultimate goal of the project is to assess the ability of the Russian dry steppes to mitigate negative projections of climate change by adopting climate-smart agriculture. We will also assess the optimal land use under the changing climatic conditions with an account for the expected profit versus potential reduction of GHG emissions per each unit of produced agricultural commodity. The project will fill methodological and thematic gaps- the advancement of monitoring land-use intensity and ecosystem modeling, mapping land-use/ land-cover change (LULCC) in the dry steppes of European Russia from 1990 to 2017, assessment of reduction of GHG emissions under the different scenarios. The project advances a theoretical background on drivers of land transformation in Russia, taking profit from contrasting Russia with case studies in Slovakia & Switzerland. The project will also focus on strengthening international collaboration, training young scientists, making outputs publically available, outreach, linkage to policymaking via IPCC, IPBES, Global Land Project initiatives, by working with the Russian Government.
Duration: 1.4.2018 - 31.3.2021

National projects

Discontinuities in the development of the Slovak geographical thought in the 20th and 21st centuries: Objective and subjective dimensions
Diskontinuity vo vývoji slovenského geografického myslenia v 20. a 21. storočí: objektívna a subjektívna dimenzia
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Prof. RNDr. Ira Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:Objective of this project is the comparative and contextual analysis of the development of geographical thought in Slovakia and in the world geography in the 20th and 21st century with special regard to its discontinuity. Identification of discontinuities in the world geographical thought is followed by the rate of their reception in the Slovak geographical thought. Convergent and divergent features of their development and the time shift will be pointed to. Autochthonous discontinuities in the Slovak geographical thought, if that is the case, are studied with special stress on the objective dimension of discontinuities, particularly the actors, canonical texts, internal and external contexts. However, their subjective dimension including the perception and assessment of discontinuities by selected representatives of various generations of professional Slovak geographers is also studied and their ideas of future progress of geography in Slovakia in the context of the world geography will be exposed.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Land cover dynamics as indicator of changes in landscape
Dynamika krajinnej pokrývky ako indikátor zmien krajiny
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Kopecká Monika PhD.
Annotation:The noticeable dynamics is one of the indicators of the changing cultural landscape and its eco-system functions. Identification of these changes requires application of new unconventional approaches facilitating the operative recording, analysis and assessment. The aim of the proposed project is to study the possibilities of application of image records obtained by remote sensing to identification of LC changes and estimation of possibilities to apply such information as indicators of changes in qualitative properties of landscape. Special emphasis will be put on the assessment of changes in urban landscape which cause changes of urban microclimate, changes in agricultural landscape which lead to its abandonment and disappearance of permanent grassland. Analyses will be based on interpretation of image records produced by Sentinel 1 and Sentinel 2 satellites and selected data layers of the Urban Atlas (UA), High Resolution Layers (HRL), and the ), and the Land Parcel Identification System (LPIS).
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022

Evolution of localities and regions: new theoretical and empirical approaches to understanding of spatial development paradigms
Evolúcia lokalít a regiónov: nové teoretické a empirické prístupy k porozumeniu priestorových rozvojových paradigiem
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Székely Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:Evolutionary economic geography offers a unique way of thinking which responds to the dynamic changes in society. Its endeavour to attain the complexity greatly contributes to comprehension of the differentiated spatial development. The objective of the project is to exploit the assets of its theoretical, methodological and intellectual apparatus employed for the sake of deeper cognition and explanation of the causes of the Slovak, by own history determined, spatial heterogeneity. The core and simultaneously sealant of the project is identification of the key developmental and development threatening stimuli from selected sectors of national economy (transport,tourism, energetics, ...) followed by the analysis of reaction and evolution of hierarchically created spatial units. The direction, content and scope of developmental changes in localities and regions will be partially confronted with the new regional policy of the EU which declares orientation to their smart, sustainable and inclusive growth.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Evaluation of the transformation of natural and socio-cultural diversity of the cultural landscape in Slovakia (on example of selected areas)
Hodnotenie transformácie prírodnej a sociálno-kultúrnej diverzity kultúrnej krajiny Slovenska (na príklade vybraných území)
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Hanušin Ján CSc.
Annotation:The cultural landscape is a testimony to the current way of life and also the materialization of long-term interventions of our ancestors to the landscape, manifested in the form of historical cultural landscape. In addition to the material dimension the historical cultural landscape (HCL) has an intangible socio-cultural dimension,which is determined by the historical context of its formation and by the way its contemporaries perceive its values and functioning. Analysis of terminological inconsistencies and evaluation of the implementation of HCL issues into the Slovak legal system will be the first goal of this project. The methodology of identifying the HCL in typologically different model areas will follow. The main objective will be the demonstration of the methodology for the assessment of natural and socio-cultural diversity of HCL, its comparison with the current cultural landscape, a determination of the level of its transformation and an outline of the possibilities of its preservation.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Identifikácia spustnutej poľnohospodárskej pôdy s využitím optických a radarových záznamov diaľkového prieskumu Zeme
Program: Iné projekty
Project leader: Mgr. Goga Tomáš
Annotation:In recent decades, abandoned agricultural land has been a major problem in several European countries. It manifests itself in the cessation of agricultural activity in the area, which leads to a loss of active land. It is related to social and economic problems in rural areas, but also unrealised investment projects in suburban zones. Although the reduction in the amount of pesticides used may be positive in intensively used areas, the negative aspects of the abandonment prevail, particularly in areas where meadows and pastures with significant biodiversity potential for both wildlife animals, birds and insects are overgrown. The aim of the project is an automated mapping of abandoned agricultural land using open-access optical and radar satellite data. In the mapping process, we will use object-oriented segmentation methods and classification algorithms using machine learning in the presence of massive hardware support.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2020

Integrated Flood Risk Assessment: A Basis for Updating of the Flood Risk Management Plans
Integrované hodnotenie povodňového rizika: východisko pre aktualizáciu plánov manažmentu povodňového rizika
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Solín Ľubomír CSc.
Annotation:The aim of the project is to present a proposal for updating of the first flood risk management plans for municipalities of the Myjava District. The update is focused on integrated flood risk assessment which is based on the idea that evaluating the disaster risk, the social production of vulnerability needs to be considered with at least the same importance that is devoted to understanding and addressing natural hazards. The proposed flood risk management plans contain measures to reduce flood hazard which concern the whole basin and not just watercourses. Moreover, the management includes measures to reduce the vulnerability of households to flood hazard. The third important aspect of updated flood risk management plans is public participation in the process of designing flood prevention measures. Determination of the optimal flood risk management is a result of the assessment of several alternatives.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

STARCI - Intergenerational social networks in an aging city, continuity and innovation
Medzigeneračné sociálne siete v starnúcich mestách, kontinuita a inovácie
Program: APVV
Project leader: Mgr. Šuška Pavel PhD.
Annotation:The process of aging is a development process at a high complexity level. It concerns all age categories in a population. In the process of aging, proportion of the elderly grows, motivating change in design of the social sphere, in formal and informal social care. It is estimated that 13% of seniors need help at home, 7-8% need systematic care, and 5% of them need institutional care. In 2014, the mean life expectancy at birth was 73 years for men and 80 years for women. Aging is associated with further specific phenomena in economic development (aging workforce), health care, and particularly financial sustainability of the pension system. Quality of life in old age is also affected by the quality of social networks. Their absence leads to social exclusion and loneliness. According to qualitative surveys, loneliness is one of the most serious concerns of the elderly. Loneliness starts and worsens the course of pathological phenomena associated mainly with older age, manifested in mental and physical condition. People reduce their participation in economic activities and often even in daily life of their family. This factor is beyond the understanding of individuality with a certain biological predisposition, since it includes family history, and lifestyle in social context. This project focuses on loneliness of the elderly in urban environment. Surprisingly, in the context of high population density, variation of lifestyles, attitudes, interests we can expect increased likelihood for innovative ways of dealing with practical implications of loneliness. Mostly, we expect presence of informal links between neighbors, acquaintances, colleagues, or random people met in public space. City has huge potential to reduce loneliness of the elderly, improve quality of their daily lives and thus address one of the most serious factors with far consequences. Slovak society is facing intensive aging of population and the problem will become more serious in the future.
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.6.2020

Growing and deepening ineguality in regions of Slovakia and the effects on polarisation of human development
Rast a prehlbovanie nerovností na Slovensku a ich vplyv na polarizáciu ľudského rozvoja v regiónoch
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Michálek Anton CSc.
Annotation:Increasing global disparities trigger many serious problems in all countries and populations. Concentration of wealth in hands of a small group of persons opens an ever bigger gap between the very rich and the rest of population. It causes existential problems to the majority of population strata not only in the developing world but also in the developed countries. This trend is also evident in Slovakia where inequality is in addition characterised by a marked spatial differentiation. Research backed by empirical results confirmed that Slovakia in spite of rather high economic growth is one of the countries with increasing disparities. Distinctly negative consequences associated with increasing disparities are especially observable in underdeveloped regions. Disparities limit their chances of expansion, quality of life, human development, etc. The project focuses on quantification of relevant disparities, establishment of the rate of their deepening in time and determination of their effects on selected characteristics of human development.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Recent lateral and vertical evolution of river valley bottoms under changing environmental conditions and their impact on riverine landscape ecosystem services
Recentný laterálny a vertikálny vývoj dien dolín vodných tokov v podmienkach environmentálnych zmien a ich vplyv na ekosystémové služby riečnej krajiny
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Kidová Anna PhD.
Annotation:Project aimed to the morphologic-sedimentary research of recent river valley bottoms evolution, conditioned by lateral movement and channel incision under changing environmental conditions. Morphological aspects of river valley bottoms evolution are studied by identification of geomorphic evolution phases of flood benches. Research of lateral movement and channel incision is realized by multi-temporal analyses of remote sensing data, historical maps in GIS environment, hydrological records and it is combined by field research represented by UAV photogrammetric mapping, geodetic, geophysical, granulometric and dating methods. Ecosystem services are specified in accordance with generally accepted schemes used in the river landscape research. The results allow to formulate a time-spatial conceptual models of river valley bottoms development and scenarios for their further development.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

SUBURBA - Suburbanization - development and impacts on socio-spatial structure in Bratislava hinterland
Suburbanizácia - vývoj a dopady na sociálno-priestorovú štruktúru zázemia Bratislavy
Program: APVV
Project leader: Mgr. Šveda Martin PhD.
Annotation:The processes of suburbanization – changes caused by transfer of inhabitants from cities towards the rural hinterland – have been occurring in Slovakia and more specifically in the vicinity of the capital city for more than 20 years. Suburbanization in the hinterland of Bratislava represents the most significant transformation in residential and socio-spatial relations in the post-socialist history of Slovakia, whose trajectory and parameters significantly affect the future development possibilities of this dynamically growing region. In spite of the intensity and various impacts there have not been realized any comprehensive study on this complicated phenomenon. Yet, negative effects of suburbanization in Bratislava hinterland stress the need for this material. In this context, project is focused on evaluation of intensity and spatial range of suburbanization in Bratislava hinterland, its demographic and social impacts and spatial patterns of development. Besides the standard methods of social sciences, state-of-the-art methods of dynamically developing GIS and remote sensing will be deployed to fulfil these objectives. In addition to in-depth analysis of particular aspects of suburbanization the project attempts to seek relations of mutual interdependencies and connectivity necessary for its comprehensive evaluation.
Duration: 1.7.2017 - 30.6.2020

Urban and suburban environments: a space for innovations and alternatives in the retail and services sector
Urbánne a suburbánne prostredie: priestor pre inovácie a alternatívy v maloobchode a službách
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Bilková Kristína PhD.
Annotation:The sector of retail and services can be considered the most dynamic economy sector, comprising an integral part of everyday life. In this context, the project focuses on assessing the urban and suburban environment as a space for research of innovations and alternatives in retail as well as in services. Innovative processes mean processes that have started to appear in the last decade. Such processes include, for example, online shopping. The so-called SMS marketing or use of mobile operators´ data as an innovative way of solving problems can be a strong motivation to purchase and use services. Alternative processes are processes that are in contrast with globalization, e.g. research of community gardens, farmer´s markets etc.. Preferring Slovak, local, organic and eco-products and services has been on the increase, and consumers adapt to this trend in different ways. The question is to what extent and how it is the case also in the Slovak urban and suburban environments.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2021

PEDO-CITY-KLIMA - Effect of impermeable soil cover on urban climate in the context of climate change
Vplyv nepriepustného pokrytia pôdy na klímu miest v kontexte klimatickej zmeny
Program: APVV
Project leader: Doc. RNDr. Feranec Ján DrSc.
Annotation:Impervious surfaces affect the mezzo- and micro- climate of urban settlements. They contribute to formation of undesirable UHI (Urban Heat Islands), considerably reduce functions and ecosystem services of soil and limit water absorption. Land occupation and soil sealing along with the processes of global climate change bring significant negative effects not only for society and economy but they also affect the living standard and health condition of urban population. Big areas of continuous urban fabric contribute to the increase of mean temperature and extreme heats in summer in microclimatic comparison with the areas of the settlement greenery, gardens and landscape parks. The aim of the Project is to identify and assess the effects of impervious surfaces in urban agglomerations on the mezzo- and micro-climate in conditions of climate change. The basic premise for the solution is the analysis of intensity of construction and causes of its changes, as well as identification of UHI by interpretation of satellite images. The compiled database will be compared to the assessment of climate development in the cities by preparation of urban scenarios of climate change. The results will be confronted with the terrestrial meteorological measurement. The analysis will be accompanied by the impact estimate of impervious surfaces on the urban environment and urban population and the assessment of the effect of soil and greenery on sustainable management of urban territories. The Project will be applied to three cities: Bratislava, Trnava and Žilina, characterised by extremely extensive constructions with the minimal respect for the intrinsic risk of the changed climatic conditions. The outputs of the Project may bring a very important tool for the informed and scientific planning and decisionmaking processes of communal authorities in terms of environmental territorial design. Measures with stress on conservation of the environmental quality in the context of adaptat
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.6.2020

Projects total: 18