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Institute of Philosophy SAS

International projects

Varieties of Fictionalism
Formy fikcionalizmu
Program: Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader: Mgr. Vacek Martin PhD.
Annotation:Fictionalism as a philosophical position appeared in 1980 with the publication of Hartry Field’s Science Without Numbers and Bas van Fraassen’s The Scientific Image. In them, Field and van Fraassen suggested that the aim of inquiry need not be necessarily truth, since the acceptance of a mathematical or scientific theory need not necessarily involve belief in its content. However, the view can be extended by pointing out at its usefulness in other discourses. A part of such extension is due to contrast between fictionalism and reductionism as well as between fictionalism and nonfactualism. The current literature very often confuses the positions though. The project therefore aim at both clear and transparent exposition of fictionalism, and systematic account of the main feature of fictionalism per se.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 30.12.2020

Individual and Collective Subjectivity: Historical and Contemporary Issues
Individual and Collective Subjectivity: Historical and Contemporary Issues
Program: Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader: Stewart Jon PhD., Dr. habil. phil. et theol.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2021

LFUAJH - Letná francúzska univerzita Asociácie Jana Husa
Letná francúzska univerzita Asociácie Jana Husa
Program: Iné
Project leader: Mgr. Karul Róbert PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2011 - 31.12.2031

Pavel Tichý on Individuals, Roles, and God
Pavel Tichý o indivíduách, rolách a Bohu
Program: Iné
Project leader: PhDr. Glavaničová Daniela PhD.
Annotation:Pavel Tichý was one of the philosophers and logicians who, coming from Czechoslovakia, succeeded in the international academic forum. His ambitious project was to analyse the whole conceptual scheme, as related to both natural and formal languages. Given this aim, he devised an impressively complex framework of Transparent Intensional Logic (TIL). The framework has been subsequently elaborated by what can be now called the community of TIL (philosophers, logicians, computer scientists, linguists). Despite this, Tichýʼs work has not received an in-depth analysis in main philosophical journals and TIL has exhausted neither its potential for analysis nor its potential for (academic and public) impact and outreach. Being led by this observation, we aim to extend both of these potentials. In particular, we believe that this framework can provide interesting insights on the Big Questions and on the Ian Ramsey Centre’s special focus. The present project focuses on notions of individuals, roles, and God. TIL has its own peculiar conception of bare individuals (as opposed to, for instance, Lewisian counterpart theories or Meinongian object-based theories) and while Tichý has not provided an explicit analysis of persons and minds, we expect that this research would help shed light on Tichý’s views concerning persons and minds as well. Tichý provided his own ontological proof of the existence of God, which employs the notion of roles (offices). This notion is intriguing on its own right, since it opens several important questions (what kinds of roles there are, what are roles and how are they related to essential properties) and has non-trivial applications in analytic aesthetics (role realism). Another notion relevant to individuals, roles, as well as to Tichýʼs proof is that of requisites. TIL employs the notion of requisites rather than essences. One of the most pressing research questions related to the above issues is whether the extensional, intensional, or hyperintensional level of analysis is required. In TIL, individuals are analysed extensionally; roles and requisites are analysed intensionally. New findings, however, support the view that at least some roles and requisites require stepping one level up, and providing a hyperintensional analysis of roles, requisites, and essences (Miloš Kosterec, ‘On the Essence of Empty Properties’, forthcoming in Synthese; Marie Duží, Bjørn Jespersen and Daniela Glavaničová, ‘Impossible Individuals as Necessarily Empty Individual Concepts’, Forthcoming in Logic in High Definition: Developing Fine-Grained Semantics, Studia Logica Series, Springer.). The above findings provide a starting point for the present project. One of our aims is to explore the connection between requisites and essences, and to develop a plausible account of essences within TIL. As indicated, we will also revisit Tichýʼs conception of the core notions: individuals, roles, and God, and explore how these can be informed by new results related to roles, requisites, and essences. The third issue we will focus on is how Tichýʼs views fare and compare to contemporary discussions in analytic metaphysics. Notably, Tichý corresponded with one of the fathers of conemporary metaphysics, David Lewis, and Lewis' thousands of correspondences are now being published 'in bulk'. It would be worth investigating how these exchanges went, noting that three members of the research team have worked on the philosophy of David Lewis. The fourth crucial aim will be to explore the applications of Tichýʼs roles in analytic aesthetics. While we have used the jargon of TIL in this project description, topics we aim to research are familiar to everyone, as soon as we describe them in ordinary language: individuals find their common examples in persons; roles have their commonplace examples in institutional roles (such as the President of Slovakia, the Queen of the United Kingdom, the Mayor of London, and so forth) and many other roles generated by definite descriptions (such as the humblest person, the winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature, the longest novel, and so forth); the familiarity of the notion of God goes probably without saying, but the route from God as construed by Tichý towards the ordinary notion(s) of God is by no means straightforward.
Duration: 1.11.2021 - 1.8.2023

Philosophy of Language: Slovak-Austrian Cooperation
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Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: Zeman Dan Cristian PhD.
Duration: 10.3.2020 -

Social change in phenomenological and postphenomenological context
Sociálna zmena vo fenomenologickom a postfenomenologickom kontexte
Program: Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader: Mgr. Vydrová Jaroslava PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020


National projects

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Fenomenologická noematika a perspektívy fenomenológie II
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Sivák Jozef CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Philosophical Anthropology and the Contemporary Civilizational Situation
Filozofická antropológia a súčasná civilizačná situácia
Program: APVV
Project leader: Mgr. Karul Róbert PhD.
Project web page:http://www.klemens.sav.sk/fiusav/?q=sk/content/filozoficka-antropologia-sucasna-civilizacna-situacia
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.11.2020

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Genealógia svedomia, fenomenalita konania a existencia v dialógu s inými - východiská a ich problémy
Program: VEGA
Project leader: doc. Mgr. Muránsky Martin PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Historic-philosophical analysis of environmental thinking, research on its influences on ethical, legal and political thinking and its social response.
Historicko-filozofická analýza environmentálneho myslenia, skúmanie jeho vplyvov na etické, právne a politické myslenie a jeho spoločenská odozva
Program: VEGA
Project leader: doc. Mgr. Sťahel Richard PhD.
Annotation:The research focuses on intensifying the analysis of philosophical principles of environmental thinking in 20th and at the beginning of 21st century considering home tradition. Studying consequences that arise from them for ethical, legal and political awareness will also continue. We will study the theoretical basis of environmentalism leaning on a significance of social theories in a process of ecological thinking. We will focus on the question of the nature of subjectivity and natural life philosophy, on a question of the relation between naturalness and thinking (some forms of naturalism – in present time predominate concepts motivated by evolutionary genetics, evolutionary neo-Darwinian theories and evolutionary psychology) and also on a question of freedom and responsibility in its environmental dimension.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2020

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Interaktívny obrat a ako ďalej vo výskume sociálnej kognície
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Bánovský Juraj PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2021

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Logika, epistemológia a metafyzika fikcie
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Vacek Martin PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2021

POSOHU - The place of Social Sciences and Humanities in in society: Thier limitations and Possibilities
Postavenie sociálnych a humanitných vied v spoločnosti: ich možnosti a limity.
Program: APVV
Project leader: doc. Mgr. Muránsky Martin PhD.
Duration: 1.7.2019 - 30.6.2023

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Procesy recepcie apropriácie ideí v dejinách filozofického a politického myslenia na Slovensku: konceptualizácia kľúčových otázok
Program: VEGA
Project leader: prof. PhDr. Pichler Tibor CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2020

Projects total: 14