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The list of national projects SAS

Institute of Archaeology
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Archeológia, antropológia a pohlavie jedinca ako kľúčový atribút pre porozumenie zvykov pravekých spoločností.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Bc. Hukeľová Zuzana MSc., PhD.
Annotation:The project deals with social position of children in the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age, as well as vertical and horizontal stratification of prehistoric societies by means of palaeodemographic reconstructions. To date, despite availability of new and modern methods, only little attention has been paid to children and their position within prehistoric societies. The aim of the project is to gather new demographic data as regards Neolithic and Early Bronze Age subadults, in order to understand attitudes of the above-mentioned societies towards children. To define and verify socio-archaeological hypotheses, determination of biological sex represents a necessary analytical step. With the use of archaeological and anthropological analyses and determination of sex of subadult individuals, the project will challenge previous conclusions about the burial rite in the Neolithic and the Early Bronze Age, and provide missing information about these populations.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2023
Fords, bridges, waterways and settlement patterns in Považie and Ponitrie. Pilot project for utilisation of the archaeological underwater methods in Slovakia.
Brody, mosty, diaľkové cesty. Dávnoveké komunikácie a sídla na Považí a Ponitrí s využitím archeológie pod vodou. Pilotný projekt.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Daňová Klaudia PhD.
Annotation:The presented idea is the pilot project focusing on the territory of Slovakia. Its ambition is to explore, document and evaluate the archaeological potential of the underwater enviroment, in cooperation with scientific partners. The selected area are the basins of rivers Váh and Nitra, which, in light of the previous findings, seem to be extremely perspective. However, amounts of technical works and vessels depicted on vedutas or historical maps, written sources and sets of solitary finds do not provide enough informations about their importance. The key to the detailed understanding of a river, as an important element in the life of every society, is its comprehensive research. The possible fulfilment of such research is presented in this project. It would like to bring new informations that will be useful for the future projects relating to communications and mobility of the society in different historical periods. The project draws attention to the protection of underwater cultural heritage in Slovakia.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021
Dynamics of the environmental changes and landscape development in the Bronze and Iron Age in the northern part of the Western Carpathians
Dynamika zmien prírodného prostredia a využívania krajiny v dobe bronzovej a železnej v severnej časti Západných Karpát
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Benediková Lucia PhD.
Annotation:Palaeoecological and archaeo-environmental reconstruction of the dynamics of environmental changes and land-use in the Bronze and Iron Age in the northern part of the Western Carpathians with the aim to ascertain whether these changes are the result or the cause of changes in the subsistence of prehistoric populations.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021
Medieval Economy (6th - 13th Century)
Ekonomika stredoveku (6.-13.storočie)
Program: VEGA
Project leader: doc. PhDr. Ruttkay Matej CSc.
Annotation:To reconstruct life in the Middle Ages, it is necessary to investigate the state of the economy, understand the structure of the society and recognise mutual relations between these two domains. Over past 20 years, seminal works by various medievalists, European historians and archaeologists unambiguously confirmed that economy and social structure are closely related to each other (e.g. Whickham 2007; Whickham 2015; Mc Cormic 2015). The primary of the project is to investigate and clearly define main variables leading to economic progress (respectively regress) and their relation to the social structure. This applies to the settlement in new areas, the development of craft and agriculture, the exploitation of raw materials, the grubbing up the forest and its environmental consequences, settlement, development and decline of villages, settlements and pre-urban agglomerations or fortifications. The research will cover selected areas of Slovak archaeological sites dated back to the 6 th – 12/13 th century and will compare these sites with neighbouring regions. Main outputs of the project will cover a monograph and a series of research papers.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2023
Ethnic and cultural changes of medieval society (6th-13th centuries) in archaeological sources
Etnické a kultúrne zmeny stredovekej spoločnosti (6.-13.storočie) v archeologických prameňoch.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Fusek Gabriel CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2023
The landscape and settlements of the Celts and Germani Mutual relations, relations in and with the landscape
Krajina a sídla u Keltov a Germánov. Vzťahy navzájom, v krajine a ku krajine
Program: VEGA
Project leader: doc. PhDr. Březinová Gertrúda CSc.
Annotation:In the last two or three decades, the interest of researchers in the Celtic and Germanic settlements from the LaTène and Roman periods has increased. Thanks to some monographs and important studies, we know the pace of their internal evolution, character of constructions and the material culture of their inhabitants. Now, it helps to form questions exceeding the level of individual sites. Thus, we put mutual relations of the settlements in the focus of our attention, together with the relations of people to the landscape, with regard to obtaining resources in particular. The available data allow us to create various model situations of the then society’s functioning in relation to its environment. Archaeological finds provide proxy data for reconstruction of climate changes and, thus, contribute to paleoclimatology and paleohydrology, which are only developing in our conditions.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2024
Mobility of prehistoric, protohistoric and historical communities in Slovakia and its manifestations in archaeological sources
Mobilita pravekých, protohistorických a historických spoločenstiev na Slovensku a jej prejavy v archeologických prameňoch
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Kozubová Anita PhD.
Annotation:Project aims at the research of various forms of mobility of human societies and individuals during prehistory and protohistory in Slovakia and their archaeological manifestations. The problem is observed from different aspects and from a multidisciplinary perspective (human, social and natural sciences). The main purpose is defining a theoretical research basis at observed time and space, source criticism and modelling of different forms of mobility based on archaeological and historical dates. Subsequently, the creation of central database and acquiring of new dates from anthropological and bioarchaeological material will follow. Findings obtained during the project will be beneficial for the following scientific research and they will enhance competitiveness of Slovak archaeological research towards neighbouring countries, where more scientific attention is being paid to this problem. Research outputs will be presented at international conferences and used during university .
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2024
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Mocenské centrá a ich zázemie v 8.-11. storočí.,
Program: SRDA
Project leader: doc. PhDr. Ruttkay Matej CSc.
Duration: 1.7.2020 - 30.6.2024
Reflection of socio-economic changes in the structure of founding and construction of prehistoric settlements.
Odraz sociálno-ekonomických zmien v štruktúre zakladania a budovania pravekých sídlisk.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Ďuriš Jozef PhD.
Annotation:The increased number of detected find contexts (e. g. settlement features of various character, or settlement layers) as well as settlement archaeological material which together create spatial and vertical stratigraphy from recent or rather new archaeological field surveys in prehistoric lowland/fortified settlements or hillforts carried out in the last decades or years create a need for their detailed and complex innovatory (interdisciplinary) processing and later confronting, reviewing or complementing our previous general knowledge of prehistoric settements in Slovakia. It is also important to process individual collections of prehistoric settlement material thoroughly. Adding information to and gradual summarizing of the general picture of prehistoric settlement units help us see the unsolved questions of several peculiarities of prehistoric settlements as a phenomenon more objectively.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2024
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Poznanie hospodárstva a spoločnosti doby bronzovej v oblasti severne od stredného Dunaja, prostredníctvom archeologických a enviromentálnych prameňov
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Prof. PhDr. Bátora Jozef DrSc.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022
The environment and settlement networks of late Prehistory on the example of selected periods and regions of Slovakia
Prostredie a sídliskové siete mladšieho praveku na príklade vybratých období a regiónov Slovenska .
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Malček Róbert PhD.
Annotation:The objective of the project is monitoring of adaptation strategies of prehistoric populations in selected regions of West, Central and East Slovakia from the old Neolithic to the young/late Bronze Age, their comparison and scientific synthesis of the obtained information. The project focuses on the assessment of the settlement structure and its metamorphoses. The selected areas should show natural and social diversity which is, according to previous opinions, often expressed in dichotomy of cultural development of the Tisza river basin and the Podunajská nížina lowland. Ruptures should be accompanied by cultural changes in individual regions (extinction and origin of archaeological cultures and, besides others, beginnings of various historical epochs). In the project, these ideas will be confronted with the result of the analysis of the collected data assessed in the regional as well as supra-regional context; their validity will thus be verified on the given “sample” and conclusions regarding their similarity or difference in social structures within studied populations and their adaptation strategies will be postulated. Processing of the find fund from selected sites in the studied territory and eras will be a complementary task; this task follows from the necessity to specify our knowledge of material cultures of the given societies and will include the most complex processing of find funds from investigations in selected sites from the studied eras as well as the mobiliary obtained by terrain prospecting during the projectworks using modern analytical methods on interdisciplinary basis (anthropology, archaeobotany, 14C analyses.
Duration: 1.7.2019 - 30.6.2023
Roman fort at Iža and its position on the border of Pannonia
Rímsky tábor v Iži a jeho pozícia na hraniciach Panónie
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Rajtár Ján CSc.
Annotation:The purpose of the project is to process, interpret and publish results of the longstanding archaeological excavation of the Roman fort at Iža (distr. Komárno, SR). The fort, lying on the North-Pannonian frontier section, belonged to the border system limes romanus during the 2nd-4th cent. AD. The aim of the project is to document, analyse and interpret its architectural and development phases and selected collections of the finds from its area in a wider historical context. The project will be focused on the unique earth-and-timber phase of the fortification from the period of the marcomannic wars. The main output will be a serie of the thematic oriented monographs and studies. The results of the project will be presented at domestic and foreign conferences and to the public in a popularized form. The results will be also implemented into the classical archaeology study programmes of Trnava University.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021
Settlement agglomeration of linear culture in the Žitava valley
Sídlisková aglomerácia kultúry lineárnej v údolí Žitavy
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Cheben Ivan CSc.
Annotation:The intensification of systematic field research and surface research, supplemented by magnetometry of large areas in the Žitava valley and its tributaries over the course of five years, provided evidence of settlement in the area between Čierne Kľačany and Úľany nad Žitavou. From the point of view of the settlement agglomeration, it is a closed geographical unit, on which extensive settlements of the linear culture and želiezovce group have been documented. The floor plans of houses with wheeled structures were identified on the captured sites, which indicate that urban elements were applied in their construction. Archaeological excavations carried out so far clearly prove that this section of Požitavia has become an extremely important area for solving issues of development of the first peasant communities. The source base obtained by the research will be continuously analyzed and published in studies that will evaluate the movable finding inventory, but other analyzes of samples will be made available within the framework of interdisciplinary research. Monitoring demographic developments is an important part of research.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2024
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Slovensko a stredné Podunajsko: vývoj od včasnej doby dejinnej po začiatok stredoveku
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Pieta Karol DrSc.
Annotation:Through a unified assessment of several historical periods this project aims at providing a comprehensive view on the development of Slovakia in comparison with the Middle Danube Region. It refers to successful results of previous projects implemented by this stable research team and relies on discoveries of Celtic, Germanic and Slavic centres in previous years that significantly enhanced interpretational skills of archaeology.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021
Slovak research in the Sudanese site Duweym Wad Haj
Slovenský výskum na sudánskej lokalite Duwejm Wad Hadž
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Kovár Branislav PhD.
Duration: 1.8.2018 - 31.7.2022
The medieval village and its background
Stredoveká dedina a jej zázemie
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Bednár Peter CSc.
Annotation:The project focuses on processing newly acquired material sources concerning development of mediaeval villages in the territory of Slovakia. Its aim is to analyse and present results of more extensive field studies dedicated to the mediaeval rural settlement (Nededza, Figa, Trenčín-Biskupice, Nitra – Párovské Háje, etc.), feudal settlements (Figa), sacral buildings, cemeteries, and objects linked with an economic background of a mediaeval village (fields, roads, exploitation of natural resources in the surroundings of a village).
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021
Technology and economics of raw materials in the context of the development of Postpaleolithic lithic stone industries in Slovakia.
Technológia a ekonómia surovín v kontexte vývoja postpaleolitických kamenných industrií na Slovensku
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Nemergut Adrián PhD.
Annotation:The project deals with the study of lithic stone industries from the Mesolithic and Neolithic period in Slovakia. It uses new analytical procedures and methods which are focused on technology and raw material analysis. Evaluating new data from collections from older, but mostly from recent research, will give a new look at the dynamics of technological trends and economics of raw materials in Postpaleolithic industries.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022
The role of material culture in the formation of economic and social relations in the Late Medieval and Post-medieval communities
Úloha materiálnej kultúry pri formovaní ekonomických a sociálnych väzieb v neskorostredovekých a novovekých komunitách
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Bielich Mário PhD.
Annotation:The goal of the project is to enhance the current knowledge of material culture and specify its role in creation of important relations between the members of various social classes of the post-medieval societies living in the eastern parts of Central Europe. The main source will be provided by the previously unprocessed material collections from the research of castles, churches as well as urban environment. Results of the analyses of this fund together with the information from the latest expert literture will create a sufficiently wide starting base necessary to clarify the economic and social relations documented also in the multiethnic environment of the late medieval and post-medieval Slovakia. The analysis will use multidisciplinary cooperation with anthropologists, archaeozoologists, geophysicists and paleobotanists.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2023
Nitra County Notitia by Matthias Bel (interpretation and application)
Vedomosti Nitrianskej stolice M. Bela (interpretácia a aplikácia)
Program: SRDA
Project leader: doc. PhDr. Ruttkay Matej CSc.
Annotation:Matthias Bel in his work Notitia Hungariae novae historico-geographica (hereinafter referred to as the "Notitia") offered a contemporary perspective of the state, significance, reception and specific facts concerning Hungarian counties within the Habsburg Monarchy. Humanities and social sciences researchers (e.g. historians/historical geographers, philologists) in Slovakia have studied various aspects of the life and work of this representative of the Enlightement. The core of the research was represented by Bel's publishing activities, his religious life and indepth probes into author's selected works. During the past decade a bilingual (Latin-Slovak) version of the Liptov, Orava, Turiec and Trenčín County were published. However, based on the scholarly literature research, it is evident that the Notitia of a particular Slovak county (or its selected parts) has not been sufficiently analyzed and scientifically interpreted from the philological, historical or historical-geographical and ethnological point of view. Nevertheless the results of analysis and interpretation of Bel's work within the scope of these disciplines can be effectively applied for instance in the context of revitalization of regional identities on the example of the landscape and particular ethno-cultural phenomena of selected Slovak regions. The essence as well as the main objective of the project is a Slovak translation of the Latin original of the Nitra County Notitia (lat. COMITATUS NITRIENSIS) and its historical-geographical, philological and ethnographic analysis. By employing specific methods we will identify and reconstruct selected regional identities of the examined area – e.g. cultural landscape and its structure, character of settlement, a way of life or the specifics of socio-professional classification of the county population in the first half of the 18th century. The outputs of the project will have a material, analytical and application character.
Duration: 1.7.2019 - 30.6.2023
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Vita intra muros - interdisciplinárny výskum hradov stredného Slovenska
Program: SRDA
Project leader: PhDr. Beljak Ján PhD.
Duration: 1.8.2018 - 30.6.2022
Influence of the exploitation of natural resources on ways of life in the Bronze Age and Iron Age
Vplyv využívania prírodných zdrojov na spôsob života v dobe bronzovej a v dobe železnej
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Benediková Lucia PhD.
Annotation:Natural resources and their availability have always been being a key presumption of existence for human society. Availability of diverse resources, ability to exploit them or control access to them preconditioned or even determined the selection of sites for settling, level of development and life standard of individual communities. Studying the relation of human societies to natural resources and their background is an important part of archaeological investigation and its sub-discipline, the so-called economic archaeology. Implementation of archaeometric methods guarantees interdisciplinary approach and higher objectivity of obtained results. In the project, the relation of the human societies to the natural resources will be studied, as well as the impact of this relation to the way of life in the Bronze and Iron Ages in the territory of contemporary Slovakia. It will be based on processing and evaluation of materials from settlement sites with various functions and various exploited natural resources: organic (plant and animal) as well as anorganic ones (in the project, with special focus on clay, copper/bronze and iron). Employment of archaeometric methods by investigating the individual types of sources (metal and pottery artifacts, archaeobotanical and archaeozoological material) and interdisciplinary approach to them will ensure the objectivity of obtained results. At selected sites with documented specialized metallurgic production, interdisciplinary field research connected with the investigation of their background will be carried out. The expected outcomes include a reconstruction of strategies in detection and exploitation of natural resources and testing and/or defining new methodologies for investigation of prehistoric and protohistoric metallurgic centres in mountainous environment.
Duration: 1.7.2021 - 30.6.2025
Development and changes of settlement structures of the Upper Tisza river basin in prehistory and early history
Vývoj a premeny sídliskových štruktúr horného Potisia v praveku a v rannej dobe dejinnej.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Horváthová Eva PhD.
Annotation:The suggested project reviews the latest knowledge obtained in several domestic and international projects focused exclusively on investigation of the Slovak regions of the Upper Tisza river basin. Thus, it provides continuity of scientific research within the currently studied topics related to some factors influencing changes in the development of multicultural populations from the earliest Stone Ages to the early history in this geographical territory. Simultaneously, it compares selected environmental and social parameters of the dynamics of settlement in the Lučenec-Košice Depression, sets them in a wider cultural-historical context and studies suggested trends in settlement strategies.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021
Military and horse equipment in Medieval Period
Výzbroj a výstroj bojovníka a jeho koňa v stredoveku
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Holeščák Michal PhD.
Annotation:Analysis of the chosen artefact types connected with weapons, armour and horse riding equipment, remains of military clashes and presence of armed groups in one place. From the geographical viewpoint, proposed grant rises from regional level to global context of whole Eurasia, from the chronological viewpoint the primary focus is the Medieval Period, from its Early to Late stages. Archaeological material will be analysed with use of modern methods and geographical information systems. The focus of the project is to percieve local and global development, kultural and regional specifications of weapons, armour and horse horse harness in the region north of the Danube in connection with over-regional units in their respective time periods, like the Great Moravia or the Kingdom of Hungary.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2024
Importance of obsidian sources in Slovakia in the Neolithic and Eneolithic period
Význam zdrojov obsidiánu na Slovensku v období paleolitu až eneolitu
Program: SRDA
Project leader: PhDr. Cheben Ivan CSc.
Annotation:The issue of the chipped industrie of the Stone Age was dealt with in Slovakia, especially for the Neolithic period and eneolite, rather marginally. Only some larger finding files have been evaluated. It is only in recent years that research into this issue has been more intensively developed. For the study of split industry, modern analyses are applied which can affect the stages of production processes from the acquisition of raw material from primary or secondary sources, through their initial processing, distribution to final use. The evaluation of the questions set is based on a comprehensive analysis of obsidian artifacts. The project is aimed at a comprehensive evaluation of obsidian split industry, as well as the findings from the Paleolithion period to the earlier Bronze Age from the territory of Slovakia, including the sources of obsidian, the primary occurrence of which is situated in the south-eastern part of the country. The issues addressed are closely related to obsidian research – it is about capturing processes such as importing a given raw material into a housing estate, transforming it and determining the artifact that was the target of its production. They form the basis for an overall theoretical evaluation of the observed issue.
Duration: 1.7.2021 - 30.6.2025

The total number of projects: 24