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The list of international projects SAS

Institute of Hydrology

Water isotopes in the critical zone: from groundwater recharge to plant transpiration

Izotopy vody v kritickej zóne: od dopĺňania zásob podzemnej vody po transpiráciu rastlín

Duration: 24.9.2020 - 23.9.2024
Program: COST
Project leader: RNDr. Holko Ladislav PhD.
Annotation:Understanding water exchange within the critical zone, i.e.the dynamic skin of the Earth that extends from vegetation canopy to groundwater, is vital for addressing key environmental problems linked to the sustainable management of water resources. The main aim of WATSON is to collect, integrate, and synthesize current interdisciplinary scientific knowledge on the partitioning and mixing of water in the critical zone taking advantage of the unique tracing capability of water isotopes. These efforts will allow going beyond the current fragmented knowledge providing a novel conceptual framework on the interactions between groundwater recharge, soil water storage, and vegetation transpiration useful for water resources management across a variety of climatic settings. The Action activities are based on a network of early career and senior scientists from different complementary disciplines who are experts in the use of water isotopes, and stakeholders from governmental agencies and private companies from 19 COST countries and one Near Neighbour Country. The ultimate goal of the network is to build capacity in the use of robust isotope approaches for water resource management.

Water temperature simulation during summer low flow conditions in the Danube basin

Simulácia teploty vody v tokoch v povodí rieky Dunaj počas letných nízkych prietokov

Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2023
Program: UNESCO
Project leader: RNDr. Pekárová Pavla DrSc.
Annotation:The proposed project is oriented on long-term variability and long-term trends of water temperature of selected rivers in different regions of Danube basin (high mountains, highlands, lowlands) and along the Danube River. Multiple regression technique will be used for analysis of relations between water temperature and influencing factors (low and high discharge conditions, increasing atmospheric temperature, anthropogenic activity in basin, etc.). The multiregresion simulation and stochastic forecasting models (Box Jenkins models, ARIMA, SARIMA) of water temperature will be developed for selected rivers. These models will be used for simulation of the water temperature of selected rivers according to different discharge, and air temperature scenarios. One of the expected results is the scientific base for method of water quality classification according the water temperature of water bodies in Danube basin for implementation of WFD 2000/60/EC. The results of the project will be summarized in common monograph of the project team.

Mitigating the effects of climate change on the different land use sectors in river basins in Georgia

Zmiernenie dôsledkov klimatickej zmeny v rôznych sektoroch využívania krajiny v povodiach riek v Gruzínsku

Duration: 1.1.2023 - 31.12.2024
Program: Open Mobility
Project leader: Mgr. Rončák Peter PhD.
Annotation:Climate change in the South Caucasus countries is clearly evident. Recent research confirms that average annual air temperatures are steadily increasing and extreme weather events, such as storms and heatwaves, have been intensifying over the last few decades. Georgia is prone to a range of hazards such as landslides, floods, hydrological and soil drought, which are exacerbated by climate change, and which result in serious damage to infrastructure, casualties and economic losses. The main goal of the project is to contribute to increasing sustainability and improving conditions in water management, forestry and agriculture by proposing adaptation measures to mitigate the effects of climate change. This research will be carried out in less developed areas in terms of adaptation and climate change mitigation. The result will be, in cooperation with a NEA partner, a proposal for measures to address climate change mitigation for water management, forestry and agriculture.

The total number of projects: 3