The list of national projects SAS

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Institute: Institute of Forest Ecology

Pine pitch canker - strategies for management of Gibberella circinata in greenhouses and forests
„Pine pitch canker“- stratégie pre manažment Gibberella circinata v skleníkoch a lesoch
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Adamčíková Katarína PhD.
Annotation:Gibberella circinata is a highly virulent pathogen damaging pines, causing damping-off in nurseries and pitch canker in forests. The main aim is to establish a European-focused network to increase knowledge of the biology, ecology and pathways of spread of G. circinata, to examine the potential for the development of effective and environmentally-friendly prevention and mitigation strategies and to deliver these outcomes to stakeholders and policy makers.
Duration: 8.5.2015 - 7.5.2019

A global network of nurseries as early warning system against alien tree pests (Global Warning)
Celosvetová sieť pestovateľských škôlok ako systém včasného varovania pred nepôvodnými škodcami drevín (globálny varovný systém)
Program: COST
Project leader: Ing. Barta Marek PhD.
Annotation:The international trade in live plants is a major pathway for the introduction of invasive tree pests and pathogens, resulting in environmental and economic damage. Many recently introduced pests and diseases were not known to be harmful, or unknown to science, and were not regulated before they invaded, indicating that the current system to identify harmful species does not provide sufficient protection from invasions by alien pests and pathogens. A novel way of identifying potentially harmful organisms for regulation is by monitoring European trees planted in regions that export plants to Europe. The Action will 1) establish a global network of scientists and regulators in countries where sentinel nurseries could be established from seed or where there are botanical gardens or arboreta with exotic trees, 2) develop common protocols for the monitoring and identification of pests and 3) explore ways to regulate the establishment of such nurseries and the use of data collected through them. This Action will also bring together detailed information about the international trade in trees and the environmental value of native trees in Europe. The Action will produce written, electronic and workshop outputs, as well as at least five short-term scientific missions per year.
Duration: 21.6.2015 - 1.12.2018

Climate Smart Forestry in Mountain Regions
Climate Smart lesníctvo v horských regiónoch
Program: COST
Project leader: RNDr. Ditmarová Ľubica PhD.
Annotation:Climate Smart Forestry aims at sustainable management of forest while adapting and building resilience to climate change (CC), and maintain wellbeing of the mountain community. Three main pillars of CLIMO project are: (i) improve livelihood of mountain inhabitants by sustainably increasing forest ecosystem services (ES); (ii)enhance the adaptation and resilience to CC of mountain forests; (iii) optimise the CC mitigation potential of mountain forests, focusing on the most efficient and cost-effective mitigation options and capitalising on adaptation-mitigation synergies. SEA leads WG4: DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE SCHEMES OF PAYMENT FOR Ecosystem SERVICES (PES) with the objective to develop incentive based system to support Climate-Smart Forestry concept as a possible tool for development of forestry under the impact of Global Change (GC).
Duration: 17.10.2016 - 16.10.2020

European Long-Term Ecosystem and socio-ecological Research Infrastructure
Európska infraštruktúra pre dlhodobý ekosystémový a socioekologický výskum
Program: Horizon 2020
Project leader: Ing. Barna Milan PhD.
Annotation:A collective effort is needed to create the environmental research infrastructure for answering pressing questions in a world of rapid social, economic and environmental change. The overall aim of the eLTER project is to advance the European network of Long-Term Ecosystem Research sites and socio-ecological research platforms to provide highest quality services for multiple use of a distributed research infrastructure. eLTER´s major objectives and methods are to: (1) identify user needs for the research infrastructure in relation to major societal challenges through consultations with scientific, policy and business stakeholders and horizon scanning; (2) streamline the design of a cost-efficient pan-European network, able to address multiple ecosystem research issues, in collaboration with related global and European research infrastructures, e.g. LifeWatch; (3) develop the organisational framework for data integration and enable virtual access to the LTER data by enabling data publishing through distributed Data Nodes and by providing access to data on key research challenges through a Data Integration Platform; (4) foster the societal relevance, usability and multiple use of information, data and services through new partnerships with the providers of remotely sensed data, analytical services and scenario testing models, and via the adoption of new measurement technologies. The LTER-Europe network and the European Critical Zone community will collaborate to achieve these goals. 162 sites in 22 countries will provide data on long-term trends in environmental change, some reaching back 100 years. Test cases using these data will address a range of environmental and social issues to push innovation in network level services and steer conceptual developments. The envisaged “LTER Infrastructure” will enable European-scale investigation of major ecosystems and socio-ecological systems, and support knowledge-based decision making at multiple levels.
Duration: 1.6.2015 - 1.6.2019

Innovations in Climate Governance: Sources, Patterns and Effects.
Inovácie v rozhodovaní o klíme.
Program: COST
Project leader: prof., Mgr. Kluvánková Tatiana PhD.
Annotation:Set against scientific predictions, the current governance responses to climate change are widely perceived to be inadequate. There is a growing perception that climate governance is becoming more polycentric, but far less agreement on how it will be coordinated and where the necessary leadership will originate. This is deeply problematic, because in theory innovative and cost effective policies should prevent losses arising from climate change and better capture any benefits. To address this gap, this Action will help build the capacity for innovating in climate governance by: identifying effective ways of stimulating and diffusing policy and governance innovations; building a stronger evaluation capacity to assess such innovations; and spreading usable knowledge in innovative ways such as via open access course materials. To do all this, it will create a new network of scholars and practitioners that have operated in a fragmented way thus far, specifically those that have focused on the sources of policy innovation, those that know about their diffusion (patterns), and those who are able to evaluate their ultimate effects. A COST Action is the perfect vehicle todefragment knowledge of these topics by extracting greater value from and better integrating across previous research investments.
Duration: 5.6.2014 - 4.6.2018

Integrated Spatial Planning, land use and soil management Research Action
Integrované priestorové plánovanie, využitie územia a manažment pôdy
Program: Horizon 2020
Project leader: prof., Mgr. Kluvánková Tatiana PhD.
Annotation:INSPIRATION project: Research challenges for integrated spatial planning, land use and soil management is a new type of transdisciplinary project of Horizon 2020. This project is creating scientific knowledge through participation of actors from the social practice. The goal is to prepare EU strategic agenda for the land and soil management as well as to respond expectations of current social challenges. Partners of joint workplace CE SPECTRA – Institute of Landscape Ecology SAS and Institute for Transdisciplinary Studies at Faculty of Education at Catholic University in Ruzomberok have participated in this project.
Duration: 1.4.2015 - 28.2.2018

Molecular and physiological properties of honeybee royal jelly proteins
Molekulárne a fyziologické vlastnosti proteínov včelej materskej kašičky
Program: Bilateral - other
Project leader: RNDr. Bíliková Katarína PhD.
Duration: 1.4.2014 - 31.3.2018

Payments for Ecosystem Services (Forests for Water)
Platby za ekosystémové služby
Program: COST
Project leader: prof., Mgr. Kluvánková Tatiana PhD.
Annotation:The EU Water Framework Directive aims to ensure restoration of Europe’s water bodies to “good ecological status” by 2027. Many Member States will struggle to meet this target, with around half of EU river catchments currently reporting below standard water quality. Diffuse pollution from agriculture represents a major pressure, affecting over 90% of river basins. Accumulating evidence shows that recent improvements to agricultural practices are benefiting water quality but in many cases will be insufficient to achieve WFD objectives. There is growing support for land use change to help bridge the gap, with a particular focus on targeted tree planting to intercept and reduce the delivery of diffuse pollutants to water. This form of integrated catchment management offers multiple benefits to society but a significant cost to landowners and managers. New economic instruments, in combination with spatial targeting, need to be developed to ensure cost-effective solutions including tree planting for water benefits - are realised. Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) are flexible, incentive-based mechanisms that could play an important role in promoting land use change to deliver water quality targets. The PESFOR-W COST Action will consolidate learning from existing woodlands for water PES schemes in Europe and help standardize approaches to evaluating the environmental effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of woodland measures. It will also create a European network through which PES schemes can be facilitated, extended and improved, for example by incorporating other ecosystem services linking with aims of the wider forests-carbon policy nexus.
Duration: 18.10.2016 - 17.10.2020

Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas
Spoločenské inovácie v marginalizovaných vidieckych oblastiach
Program: Horizon 2020
Project leader: prof., Mgr. Kluvánková Tatiana PhD.
Annotation:SIMRA’s overarching objective is to fill the significant knowledge gap in understanding and enhancing social innovations in marginalised rural areas in particular in forestry, agriculture and rural development. Department of SEA at IFE SAS as the leader of work package 2 is particularly responsible for setting the basic concepts and theories on social innovation and identification of economic, social, environment and governance variables explaining evidence of social innovations. SEA IFE SAS leads also transdisciplinary strategy for actively engaging stakeholders operating at international, national and local levels.
Duration: 1.4.2016 - 1.4.2020

Structure, health status and regeneration capability of dendrocoenoses destructed by wind invasion in Rila - Rodopi massif, Vitosha Mt and Low and High Tatras Mts
Štruktúra, zdravotný stav a možnosti regenerácie dendrocenóz postihnutých veterovými kalamitami v masíve Rila - Rodopi, na Vitoši a v Nízkych a Vysokých Tatrách
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: RNDr. Mihál Ivan CSc.
Annotation:Main emphasis of project will be paid to structure, health and regeneration capability of forests disturbed by windthrow disaster in selected areas in Bulgaria and Slovakia. Besides, the development process and revitalisation of damages forests throughout time with regard to the effects of climate, environmental pollution, parasitic fungi, insect pests and management practices employed in the past and at present will be observed and documented. In the project we aim to clarify the significance of particular environmental and anthropogenic factors(stressors)in South-eastern and Central Europe, to analyse possible consequences, resulting from the effects of these factors, for the further sustainable management of forest ecosystems damaged by windthrow disaster.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2017

Influence of abiotic and biotic stresses on properties of plants
Vplyv abiotických a biotických stresorov na vlastnosti rastlín
Program: Bilateral - other
Project leader: Ing. Kuklová Margita CSc.
Duration: 11.11.2016 - 11.11.2021

Using three-way interactions between plants, microbes and arthropods to enhance crop protection and production
Využitie trojstranných interakcií medzi rastlinou, mikroorganizmami a článkonožcami na zvýšenie produktivity a ochrany plodín
Program: COST
Project leader: Ing. Michalko Jaroslav PhD.
Annotation:Crop plants interact with both arthropods and microorganisms, including pests that reduce yields (in Europe up to 20% annually) and mutualists that promote yield. Direct and indirect interactions between microorganisms and arthropods on crops can strongly modify their impacts on yield. For instance, herbivores and pathogens can facilitate each other, causing additional yield loss. On the other hand, beneficial microorganisms can induce defenses that protect plants against herbivores. There is thus potential to enhance crop production and reduce pesticide use if we can better predict and manage Crop-Arthropod-Microorganism (CAMo) interactions to our advantage. Currently, knowledge of CAMo interactions is limited due to historical separation of the involved research fields. This COST Action will therefore combine existing expertise on CAMo interactions in Europe, from basic and strategic research to agri-R&D companies, and form an interdisciplinary platform and incubator for research on mechanisms, impacts and utilization of CAMo interactions on crop yield. The COST Action will also strengthen the careers of both female and young researchers, connect the newest research in the field with its applied use, and develop new monitoring and management support systems and CAMo-based applications.
Duration: 10.3.2015 - 9.3.2019

The total number of projects: 12