The list of national projects SAS

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Institute: Plant Science and Biodiversity Center

Ecological and geographical peculiarities and main migration ways of invasive plant species in the border area of Ukraine and Slovakia
Ekologické a geografické vlastnosti a hlavné migračné cesty inváznych rastlín v pohraničnej oblasti Ukrajiny a Slovenska
Program: Bilateral - other
Project leader: RNDr. Májeková Jana PhD.
Annotation:The project is intended to clarify the main factors playing the key role in modern dynamic trends of invasive species in the border area of Ukraine and Slovakia. These data will form the scientific foundations of monitoring of invasive species and control of their dispersal. As a result of the joint Ukrainian-Slovak project, ecological, coenological and geographical peculiarities of invasive species on the border area of Ukraine and Slovakia will be established, and for the first time the expansion trends and main migration routes of invasive species in the regions will be assessed.
Duration: 6.4.2017 - 31.12.2019

The quest for tolerant varieties - Phenotyping at plant and cellular level
Hľadanie tolerantných odrôd - fenotypovanie na úrovni rastliny a bunky
Program: COST
Project leader: RNDr. Salaj Terézia DrSc.
Annotation:The project is focused on the study of physiological, biochemical and structural aspects of somatic embryogenesis. Somatic embryogenesis is development of embryos from somatic cells of a plant body under in vitro conditions. The process involves several steps as initiation of embryogenic tissues, maturation and germination of somatic embryos and transfer to soil. Each of the mentioned steps will be studied in details with aim to improve the process. The role of nutrient medium composition and explants will be tested for the initiation.The structure of somatic embryos will be followed by light microscopy.For maintenance of embryogenic tissues solid or liquid media will be used as well as for their long-term cultivation the method of cryopreservation will be tested. The maturation of somatic embryos is a very important step resulting in the whole plant (somatic seedlings) regeneration. The project focuses also on the optimization of maturation process and plantlet regeneration. An important part of the project is the study of embryogenic tissues and comparison to nonembryogenic callus culture by analysis using proteomic methods to get deeper insight to the process of somatic embryogenesis.
Duration: 22.5.2014 - 21.5.2018

Knowledge conversion for enhancing management of European riparian ecosystems and services
Konverzia poznatkov na zlepšenie riadenia európskych pobrežných ekosystémov a služieb – COST
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Šibíková Petrášová Mária PhD.
Duration: 9.11.2017 - 8.11.2021

Modifying plants to produce interfering RNA
Modifikácia rastlín na produkciu interferujúcej RNA
Program: COST
Project leader: doc. Ing. Moravčíková Jana PhD.
Annotation:Modern research has identified the high potential of carnivorous plants for biotechnological use. However, regulatory mechanisms in biological and metabolic processes in these plants have not yet been elucidated. Different types of small RNA have an important role in these processes. These molecules regulate various aspects of plant developmental processes and are also involved in regulating the response of plants to environmental stress. The project focuses on the isolation and analysis of these molecules in Drosera plants. Insulating kits and available protocols will be the starting point, but the optimization of procedures will be necessary for the problem of these plants' knits. The obtained protocols for the isolation and analysis of small RNAs are a prerequisite for research into the regulation of individual processes in carnivorous plants such as prey digestion or nutrient recovery, environmental stress responses.
Duration: 27.10.2016 - 26.10.2020

Non-native tree species for european forests - experiences, risks and opportunities
Nepôvodné druhy drevín pre európske lesy - skúsenosti, riziká a možnosti
Program: COST
Project leader: RNDr. Kormuťák Andrej DrSc.
Annotation:The management of tree species non-native to European geographical regions has a long tradition within forestry management practice. Their introduction to Europe (initially focussed on growing tree species) dates back to the 18th century when enormous demands were being made on natural resources to sustain the on-going industrialization of Europe. Today issues of biomass production and C sequestration as well as the question of whether these species could increase the adaptive capacity of forests to long-term climate change patterns have fuelled a growing interest in non-native tree species in Europe. In order to determine their fullest potential (and associated management options, but also assess associated risks and challenges) the need for a communication platform allowing for discussion with stakeholder groups from within anf beyond European borders, is argued.
Duration: 3.6.2014 - 13.5.2018

The optimization of the conditions for in vitro reproduction and cultivation of non-traditional fruit lianes Actinidia arguta and Schisandra chinensis cultivars (Ukrainian selection)
Optimalizácia podmienok pre in vitro množenie a kultiváciu netradičných odrôd ovocných lián Actinidia arguta a Schisandra chinensis (ukrajinský výber)
Program: Bilateral - other
Project leader: RNDr. Libiaková Gabriela CSc.
Annotation:This project will initiate cooperation between Institutions in the area of plant micropropagation and will promote level of research. The realization of the project will enable to successfully propagate and cultivate the valuable species for human health (Actinidia arguta and Schizandra chinensis), which will have commercial effect and social and ecological value.
Duration: 6.4.2017 - 6.4.2019

Remarkable elements of lichenbiota of important biotopes of Slovakia and the Czech Republic (SAV-AV ČR 16-07
Pozoruhodné prvky lichenobioty významných biotopov Slovenska a Českej republiky projektu SAV-AV ČR 16-07
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: Mgr. Košuthová Alica PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2018

Contribution of IB SAS to the international project Millenium Seed Bank
Príspevok BÚ SAV k medzinárodnému projektu Millenium Seed Bank
Program: Other
Project leader: Ing. Kučera Jaromír PhD.
Annotation:The MSB project is the largest ex situ plant conservation programme in the world. Project focus is on global plant life faced with the threat of extinction and plants of most use for the future. The seeds we save are conserved in seed banks as an insurance against the risk of extinction in their native habitat. Working with network of partners across 80 countries, were successfully banked over 13% of the world's wild plant species. The main goal of the project is to save 25% of those species with bankable seeds by 2020 (75,000 species). IB SAS coordinate seeds colection actvities in Slovakia. Target taxa for seed collecting are endemics, endangered and invasive plants. Seeds are stored at MSB Kew and at Gene Bank in Piešťany. Since 2007 were collected and stored from Slovakia 752 taxa. In future we plan to cover with cooperation of several Institutions from relevant countries whole Carpathians area as well as Balkan Peninsula.
Duration: 1.1.2007 - 31.12.2020

Restoration of sterlet populations in the Austrian Danube - LIFE
Reštitúcia jesetera malého v rakúskom úseku Dunaja – LIFE
Program: LIFE
Project leader: Mgr. Pekárik Ladislav PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2021

Software tools for monitoring NATURA 2000 habitats by satellite images
Softvérové nástroje na monitorovanie biotopov NATURA 2000 satelitnými snímkami
Program: European Space Agency (ESA)
Project leader: Mgr. Šibíková Petrášová Mária PhD.
Annotation:The objective of the project is to exactly localize and classify NATURA 2000 habitats in territory of Slovakia and to monitor their dynamics and qualitative changes by dedicated image segmentation software. The localization, classification and dynamic space-time segmentation and tracking will be based on processing and analysis of Sentinel-1 synthetic aperture radar data (SAR), Sentinel-2 multispectral imaging data and its combination. We will provide proof-of-concept and feasibility of our strategies for NATURA 2000 habitats classification and monitoring their dynamics by using the Earth observation data. To that goal we shall develop software prototype suitable for botanists and nature conservationists. We will also identify potential software users among environmental organizations in Slovakia. The proposed project represents preparatory activity, a feasibility study of suggested research concept and software development. The outputs will be novel at the world-wide level, with great potential to be used not only in Slovakia but across the whole Europe. This preparatory study will lead to future R&D projects with the aim to develop alpha and beta versions of dedicated software for segmentation and tracking of NATURA 2000 habitats.
Duration: 1.12.2017 - 30.11.2019

Somatic embryogenesis in selected conifer species: initiation of embryogenic tissues, their maintenance, maturation of somatic embryos and plantlet regeneration
Somatická embryogenéza vybraných druhov ihličnatých drevín: indukcia embryogénnych pletív, ich udržiavanie, maturácia somatických embryí a regenerácia rastlín
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: RNDr. Salaj Terézia DrSc.
Annotation:Somatic embryogenesis (SE) is an in vitro process of embryo differentiation from somatic cells of a plant body. In conifers the process involves several steps as: initiation of embryogenic tissues, their maintenance, somatic embryo maturation and plantlet (somatic seedlings) regeneration. Each step requires specific conditions and is affected by several factors. The submitted proposal intends to study the individual steps of SE, mostly the effect of primary explant developmental stage, plant growth regulators influence as well as osmotic potential of the culture medium. Species as Abies alba, Pinus sylvestris and Pinus nigra will be included as experimental material.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2018

Stress-inducible expression of arabinogalactans and defence-related proteins in relation to androgenesis initiation
Stresom-indukovaná expresia arabinogalaktanov a obranné proteíny v súvislosti s iniciáciou androgenézy
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: doc. Ing. Moravčíková Jana PhD.
Annotation:Understanding of mechanisms leading to plant embryogenesis under inducible stress conditions (e.g. temperature and/or osmotic stress) at the molecular level is crucial in crop improvement. To overcome resistance of genotypes to microspore embryogenesis (ME) under in vitro conditions, selectable markers for responsiveness/recalcitrance are essential to be identified. Pathogenesis-related proteins (PRs, PR3; chitinases) involved in the plant defence (a)biotic responses with arabinogalactans (AGPs), probably functioned in cell division, differentiation and development, seem to be good candidates. The aim of this project is to characterize the expression of PR3 and AGPs in relation to ME induction effectiveness in rye (Secale cereale L.).
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2018

Developing new genetic tools for bioassessment of aquatic ecosystems in Europe
Vývoj nových genetických nástrojov na hodnotenie stavu bioty vodných ekosystémov Európy
Program: COST
Project leader: RNDr. Čiampor Fedor PhD.
Annotation:The protection, preservation and restoration of aquatic ecosystems and their functions is of global importance. For European states it became legally binding mainly through the EU-Water Framework Directive (WFD). In order to assess the ecological status of a given water body, aquatic biodiversity data are obtained and compared to a reference water body. The quantified mismatch thus obtained determines the extent of potential management actions. The current approach to biodiversity assessment is based on morpho-taxonomy. This approach has many drawback such as being time consuming, limited in temporal and spatial resolution, and error-prone due to variation of individual taxonomic expertise of the analysts. Novel genomic tools can overcome many of the aforesaid problems and could complement or even replace traditional bioassessment. Yet, a plethora of approaches are independently developed in different institutions, thereby hampering any concerted routine application. The goal of this Action is to nucleate a group of researchers across disciplines with the task to identify gold-standard genomic tools and novel eco-genomic indices for routine application for biodiversity assessments of European water bodies. Furthermore, DNAqua-Net will provide a platform for training of the next generation of European researchers preparing them for the new technologies. Jointly with water managers, politicians and other stakeholders, the group will develop a conceptual framework for the standard application of eco-genomic tools as part of legally binding assessments.
Duration: 20.10.2016 - 19.10.2020

The total number of projects: 13