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Institute: Institute of Geography

Advanced Techniques for Biomass Mapping in Abandoned Agriculture Land using Novel Combination of Optical and Radar Remote Sensing Sensors
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Program: European Space Agency (ESA)
Project leader: Doc. RNDr. Feranec Ján DrSc.
Duration: 1.5.2018 - 30.4.2020

Solutions for climate-smart land use in the dry steppes of Russia
Riešenia pre klimaticky vhodné poľnohospodárstvo v suchých stepných oblastiach Ruska
Program: ERANET
Project leader: Mgr. Pazúr Róbert PhD.
Annotation:In future there would be need to supply more agricultural products to meet demands from increasing world population. However, adverse impacts of climate change will hit major breadbaskets, and more heavily, the agricultural frontiers, such as the Russian dry steppes, where negative impacts of climate change are projected. The Russian dry steppes also is a region where adoption of climate-smart agriculture may allow reducing the negative impacts of climate change, cut the Greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and result in defragmentation of steppes. We face a “hot moment” because after 1991 economy restructuring resulted in massive agricultural land abandonment and the restoration of steppes. Recent plans about recultivation of steppes underscore the importance to evaluate the trade-offs between agricultural expansion and ecosystem services. The ultimate goal of the project is to assess the ability of the Russian dry steppes to mitigate negative projections of climate change by adopting climate-smart agriculture. We will also assess the optimal land use under the changing climatic conditions with an account for the expected profit versus potential reduction of GHG emissions per each unit of produced agricultural commodity. The project will fill methodological and thematic gaps- the advancement of monitoring land-use intensity and ecosystem modeling, mapping land-use/ land-cover change (LULCC) in the dry steppes of European Russia from 1990 to 2017, assessment of reduction of GHG emissions under the different scenarios. The project advances a theoretical background on drivers of land transformation in Russia, taking profit from contrasting Russia with case studies in Slovakia & Switzerland. The project will also focus on strengthening international collaboration, training young scientists, making outputs publically available, outreach, linkage to policymaking via IPCC, IPBES, Global Land Project initiatives, by working with the Russian Government.
Duration: 1.4.2018 - 31.3.2021

Socio-economic vulnerability and resilience of regions in Poland and Slovakia
Sociálno-ekonomická zraniteľnosť a odolnosť regiónov v Poľsku a na Slovensku
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: RNDr. Székely Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:Terms vulnerability and resilience comes from environmental studies and become more popular in social and economic sciences. The main aim of the common project is to take a closer look on this topic and see how regions of Poland and Slovakia cope with these issues. What are the common risks which both countries will have to face, and how important they are for different regions? Therefore present application will be focused on investigating various types of risks for regions, how they reacted in the past and how authorities can adapt to the present changes. The aim of the joint research project is to recognise, identify, explore various risk related to socio-economic processes and their influence in regional and national scales on living conditions, quality of life, social well being, economic growth on the regional level. The task will be accomplished by creating the system of indicators, according to the following steps: firstly a connection of some indicators with economic, social and environmental dimensions, then with the descriptive categories of vulnerability and resilience and finally, the macro-themes that define them; selection of elementary variables defined in the theoretical step; and create at the level of macro-variables and, in a second moment, at the level of the vulnerability and resilience descriptors. Those actions will allow to create tool for regional analysis which can produce an assessment, as synthetic as comprehensive at the same time, of regional vulnerability and resilience.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2018

Common approaches to assessment of spatial development in Slovakia and Ukraine
Spoločné prístupy k hodnoteniu priestorového rozvoja Slovenska a Ukrajiny
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: RNDr. Székely Vladimír CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2019

The total number of projects: 4