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Institute of Ethnology

International projects

COMPACT - COST Action CA 15101 Comparative Analysis of Conspiracy Theories
COST Action CA 15101 Porovnávacia analýza konšpiračných teórií
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Panczová Zuzana PhD.
Annotation:Conspiracy theories play an increasingly visible role in the political life in Europe, not least because the EU itself is often viewed as a vast conspiracy. Although sometimes seen as harmless entertainment, conspiracy theories can contribute to extremism within particular regions, as well as fuelling tensions between nations. They can erode trust in democratic institutions and the media. Despite the increasing prominence of conspiracy theories in the age of the internet, there has been little systematic research on where they come from, how they work and what can be done about them. The aim of this Action is to develop an interdisciplinary and international network to provide a comprehensive understanding of conspiracy theories. Existing research has tended to concentrate on specific national traditions, and is often confined to the perspective of a single discipline. In contrast this Action will adopt a comparative approach, investigating the causes, manifestations and effects of conspiracy theories in different regions and times, and drawing on insights from history, politics, sociology, anthropology, cultural studies and psychology. The Action will pursue the inquiry in three broad areas: the manifestations and modes of transmission of conspiracy theory in different historical and cultural contexts; the variety of actors and audiences involved in the production and consumption of conspiracy theories; and the psychological and cultural causes and political consequences of belief in conspiracy. Working closely with stakeholders, this Action will build a better understanding of conspiracy theories in order to develop an effective response to them.
Project web page:
Duration: 1.4.2016 - 31.3.2020

ISCH - COST Action 1402, Ageism - a multi-national, interdisciplinary perspective
COST Action IS 1402, Ageizmus - multinárodná interdisciplinárna perspektíva
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Voľanská Ľubica PhD.
Annotation:Ageism (i.e., the complex and often negative social construction of old age) is highly prevalent. There is unequivocal evidence concerning the negative consequences associated with ageism at the individual, familial, and societal levels. The long term goal of this Action is to challenge the practice of ageism and allow older people to realize their full potential. This will be achieved by enhancing scientific knowledge and attention to ageism, by bringing together and integrating the different disciplines of research, by developing national, multi-national and international collaborations with public policy officials, non-academic professionals, civil society NGOs and older persons, and by fostering a new generation of researchers. Expected deliverables include: a) the creation of a web-site; b) a depository database of scientific measures and evidence based interventions that target ageism; c) the facilitation of scientific Training Schools, Short Term Scientific Missions and conferences; and d) the dissemination of collaborative working papers, scientific reports, proceedings, academic publications, policy and recommendation papers and an edited book on ageism. In light of the changing demographics, the high prevalence of ageism, its complex social roots, broad consequences, and the limited research on the topic, this Action is timely and has both practical and scientific significance.
Project web page:
Duration: 19.11.2014 - 18.11.2018

DRIM - Danube Region Information Platform for Economic Integration of Migrants
Informačná platforma dunajského regiónu pre ekonomickú integráciu migrantov
Project leader: Mgr. Podolinská Tatiana PhD.
Annotation:After undergoing profound political transformations, the Danube region is now facing diverse demographic, labour market and migration challenges, yet lacks the appropriate multi-level governance support structures, especially in the field of migrants' economic integration. With the goal of achieving cohesion and economic development in the Danube region, DRIM's objective is to enhance the capacity of public institutions for promoting migrants’ economic integration, understood as fair access to employment, work and skills enhancement. The main result of DRIM – the improved capacity of public institutions to respond to the needs of newly arrived as well as resident migrants through effective information sharing – will be a corner stone of an information infrastructure that will facilitate economic integration in the Danube region. DRIM will achieve this goal through the following activities and outputs: a) conceptual framework for information sharing and the development of an info tool – DANUBE COMPASS; b) info tool testing (pilot action); c) learning interactions and evaluations to mainstream and disseminate DANUBE COMPASS; d) a strategy that promotes and mainstreams information sharing as a necessary step for migrants' access to employment. The outputs, especially DANUBE COMPASS, are an innovative attempt to respond to the transnational challenges with a transnational approach instead of national information infrastructures. The expected short-term impact is a better response of main target groups (local and national authorities) in supporting migrants' economic integration as well as migrants' – the secondary target group – easier access to employment and renewed trust in public authorities. The long-term change is expected to be the construction of an effective information infrastructure for migrants throughout the Danube region, with corresponding improved capacities of public institutions ensuring smoother integration and through that social change.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 30.6.2019

Migrations and Cultural Interactions (Bulgarian-Slovak parallels)
Migrácie a kultúrne interakcie (bulharsko-slovenské paralely)
Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: Doc. PhDr. Krekovičová Eva DrSc.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2017

Transformácie kultúry a spoločnosti v Srbsku a na Slovensku. Súčasné procesy a historické kontexty
Program: Bilaterálne - iné
Project leader: PhDr. Kiliánová Gabriela CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2014 - 31.12.2019

National projects

The application of innovative approaches in ethnology/social anthropology in Slovakia
Aplikácia inovatívnych prístupov v etnológii/sociálnej antropológii na Slovensku
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Kiliánová Gabriela CSc.
Annotation:The project aims to follow up on the theoretical and methodological approaches in ethnology and social anthropology of the past two decades. Other project objectives are, with respect to research in Slovakia, to contribute to the current academic debates at home and abroad through research data from this territory, and to show the possibilities of practical utilisation of applied/engaged ethnological research in addressing the problems of present-day societies. The project focuses on the application of innovative research approaches in three selected topics of ethnological research: 1. The use of experiments in ethnographic research – an analysis of narration with supernatural and religious content; 2. The use of the methods of visual anthropology – an analysis of housing and ownership in the post-socialist context; 3. The use of the approaches of engaged/applied anthropology in an urban environment –research on volunteering, research of the process of social integration and inclusion of people in specific localities, and research on the functioning of organisations (businesses, schools).
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2019

Borderless care? Care workers from Slovakia in Austria
Bezhraničná starostlivosť? Opatrovateľky zo Slovenska v Rakúsku.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Hlinčíková Miroslava PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2018

Ethnology in the Regions. History of theSslovak Ethnology in the 20th Century an the Basis of the Research the Personalities from regional Institutions
Etnológia v regiónoch. Dejiny slovenskej etnológie od 20. storočia na základe výskumu vybraných osobností z regionálnych inštitúcií
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Ratica Dušan CSc.
Annotation:Project is focused on research of ethnologists and major amateur collectors of folk culture phenomena, who made their career outside of the central ethnological institutions or they are the representatives of ethnic minorities in Slovakia and at the same time they are considered as knowledgeable experts within their region and ethnology in general. The aim of the research is to collect data about them - bibliographic, archival, and if possible also in the form of interviews, based on the analysis of the material to highlight their contribution to the regional culture as well as the entire scientific discipline.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2019

STARCI - Intergenerational social networks in an aging city, continuity and innovation
Medzigeneračné sociálne siete v starnúcich mestách, kontinuita a inovácie
Program: APVV
Project leader: Mgr. Voľanská Ľubica PhD.
Annotation:The process of aging is a development process at a high complexity level. It concerns all age categories in a population. in the process of aging, proportion of the elderly grows, motivating change in design of the social sphere, in formal and infromal social care. City has huge potential to reduce loneliness of the elderly, improve quality of their daily lives and thus address one of the most serious factors with far consequences.
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.6.2020

Label „Roma“ – emic and ethic reflections and social impact
Nálepka „Róm“ – emické a etické reflexie a ich spoločenské dopady
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Hrustič Tomáš PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

From technology to decoration: An ethnological perspective of the manufacturing and meaning of items
Od technológie k dekóru: etnologická perspektíva produkcie a významu vecí
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Zajonc Juraj CSc.
Annotation:The project focuses on the ethnological research of three areas of life and culture of the Slovak population, designated today as elements of cultural heritage: (a) traditional textile production, (b) traditional clothes of Záhorie (western Slovakia) and Turiec (north-western Slovakia) regions, and (c) traditional ornaments. The study of each area represents a separate project segment (Textile, Clothes, Ornaments), with the study of traditional ornaments focusing on two topics – ornaments in the decorative tradition of Slovakia, and ornaments in the present-day mass visual culture. The project contents (except for the study of traditional ornaments in the present-day mass visual culture) comprise the reconstruction of complex phenomena defined as traditional culture.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

Family histories. Inter-Generational Transfer of Representations of Political and Social Changes
Rodinné histórie. Medzigeneračný prenos reprezentácií politických a sociálnych zmien
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Vrzgulová Monika CSc.
Annotation:The project focuses on the basic research of the inter-generational transfer of representations of the past in a family environment (at least two-generational families). The project objective is to conduct basic research (archive and field research), and capture the pictures and representations of the past and the political and social changes of predominantly the 2nd half of the 20th century, as formulated and passed down by the older generation and remembered and further communicated by the younger generation.
Duration: 1.1.2014 - 31.12.2017

REVETNOMIN - The dimensions of revitalization of ethnic minority in Slovakia: Interdisciplinary salvage research of disappearing ethnic group of Huncokári
Rozmery revitalizácie etnickej minority na Slovensku: Interdisciplinárny záchranný výskum zanikajúcej etnickej skupiny Huncokárov
Program: APVV
Project leader: Mgr. Panczová Zuzana PhD.
Annotation:The project focuses on the study of life of huncokári, a name given to an ethnic group of german woodsmen. This ethnic group has not yet been subject to any systematic scioentific interest. Mountain woodsmen came to the malé and Biele karpaty mountains mostly from lower austria and styria in the 18th century as a result of an invitation from Pálfi, the head of Bratislava county. Thanks to their isolation and specific socio-professional status they preserved unique expressions of material, spiritual and social culture up to the mid-20th century (such as endogamy, specific dialect, bilingualism, strong tehnic feeling). Huncokári formed a specific, linguistically and socially closed group which was after War War II largerly dispersed and has survived up to this day either via collective memory of a few descendants or as a part of collective memory of present-day local communities living in the vicicnity of their past settlements. Using selected ethnographic, linguistic, pedagogic and historical methodologiocal approaches we intend to completely document and analyse selected spheres of life and the formatáion of ethnic identuty of this group. We will focus on the circumstances of their arrival, specific way of life determined above all by the isolation of their settlements, as well as on theri own dialect and forced acculturation. From the ethnologic and linguistic point of viwe we will conduct a rescue research among the last living descendants of this minority. The outcomes of the project will be of material, analytic and application character.
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.6.2020

Holidays and rituals – Their social context and functions (Slovakia, 21st century)
Sviatky a rituály - ich spoločenské kontexty a funkcie (Slovensko, 21. storočie)
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Popelková Katarína CSc.
Annotation:The project focuses on the ethnological study of holidays and rituals in the current context. It seeks to explore and describe the social functions fulfilled by these phenomena in Slovak society in the 21st century. The scientific project objective is to explore: a) the specific symbolic and practical elements and effects of rituals and ritual activities as strategic social practices, both within and beyond various holidays; b) the actual social functions of holidays and rituals, their significance at the individual and collective levels, the forms they acquire, and the mechanisms through which they happen.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

Wartime Slovak State and the Holocaust in the Current Social Discourse. (An Ethnological Perspective)
Vojnový slovenský štát a holokaust v aktuálnom spoločenskom diskurze. (Etnologický pohľad)
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Salner Peter DrSc.
Annotation:The aim of the project is, on the basis of the ethnological field and archive research and analysis of internet debates and websites, to define the forms by means of which the Slovak society communicates the period of the wartime Slovak state and the Holocaust in the 21st century. The researchers will seek to explore how this historical period is reflected in the current Jewish community, how it is perceived, with hindsight, by the members of the then discriminated Czech minority, and in what manner the state´s positions are institutionally defined in commemoration policies. We will show the ways these issues are reflected by the general population, as well as the ways this period is covered by present-day film documentaries which consciously or intuitively apply anthropological and ethnological methods. Special attention will be paid to the possibilities of using the auto-ethnographic approach. We will also observe the phenomenon of anti-Semitism and the ways of dissemination of conspiracy theories.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

Základy urbánnej antropológie: mesto a jeho ľudia ako objekt antropologického výskumu
Program: Vnútroústavné
Project leader: Doc. PhDr. Bitušíková Alexandra CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2017

Projects total: 16