Electronic Library of Scientific Literature
Volume 44, 2/1996
Mgr. Tatiana Podolinska, Katedra etnologie – Oddelenie religionistiky Filozofickej fakulty Univerzity Komenskeho, Gondova 2, 818 01 Bratislava, Slovakia
The contribution is based on the iconographical analysis of the motif of so called „devourer“ at the reverse of the celtic coin with the inscription MACCIVS from Bratislava. The study offers a new point of view of the interpretation for the reverse-motif at the coin Maccius using plenty of iconographical and mythological parallels from other cultural contexts.
PhDr. Jan Rychlik, CSc., Masarykuv ustav AVCR, Praha, Czech Republic
There are two basic possibilities for the coexistence of several nations in one state. The ideal solution is when the ethnic nations, without regard for their origin, form after long term coexistence, a consciousness of belonging to a common state, and this consciousness becomes basic and determining. In this way a single political nation arises from several ethnic nations. The other solution is the existence of national units with their own state political structure united into a supra-national state organization. This actually involves the coexistence of political nations, which lack their own complete statehood. However such forms of coexistence, usually on the basis of a federation, are usually only temporary and unstable. It is shown that several fully developed political nations cannot live permanently together in one state, which means that the permanent existence of a multi-national state, in which there is no single political nation, is very problematic.
Mgr. Lubica Faltanova, CSc., Ustav etnologie SAV, Jakubovo nam. 12, 813 64 Bratislava, Slovakia
The contribution is concerned with the customs associated with the sale and purchase of domestic economic animals in Slovakia in the first half of the 20th century. It traces them in relation to several neighbouring countries, for example: Poland, Hungary and Moravia. The customs are studied in three parts, representing individual phases of the phenomenon. These are customary practices on leaving home with animals to go to the market, those connected with the act of selling and buying, and those associated with arrival home with newly bought animals. The contribution traces the spatial distribution of the customs and their functions.
The second part of the study of the Slovak writer A.Bednar on Slovak ballads (the section on: The Materials of the Traditional Slovak Ballad was published in Slovenský Narodopis 44,1,1996 p.63-73) is devoted to the content and formal aspect of the Slovak ballad. The author divides the content of the ballad on the basis of two relationships between the figure in the ballad and the tragic event: 1. the figure mediates the destructive force of a higher power, 2. the figure is the accidental object of a higher power. From the formal point of view the Slovak traditional ballad points to four developmental stages, in the process of change of the ballad in Slovakia in the direction of a lyricized epic song, and to a complex relationship between the fair or market song and the folk ballad.
PhDr. Alexandra Bitusikova, Institute for Regional Research, Faculty of Humanities, Matej Bel University, Tajovskeho 40, 974 00 Banska Bystrica, Slovakia
The paper deals with a history of the Jewish community in Banska Bystrica from the year 1860 up to the present day. It describes the rapid development of the community in the second half of the 19th century and after 1918 when the first Czechoslovak Republic was established. The author is concerned with the status of the Jews in urban society, their social – cultural activities, interactions with other groups and level of mutual tolerance, acceptance and communication. Continuity of the positive development of the Jewish community was violently interrupted by World War II, the holocaust and the policy of the communist regime. After 1989 the renewed Jewish community with around 100 members began to arrange various educational and cultural activities and rekindle Jewish consciousness.