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Population changes caused by industrialization and deindustrialization – comparison of Ostrava and Glasgow

Igor Ivan - Jiří Horák

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Rok, strany / Year, pages: 2011, 113-132

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Publikované / Published: 0000-00-00

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The aim of this paper is to analyse and compare population changes in two old industrial cities (Ostrava and Glasgow) with accent on how these changes are driven by large economic and historic events like world wars, economic crises, political support for industrialization, etc. Both cities played a key role in the industrial history of the two countries but under completely different political situations. Both cities have undergone significant population influxes during the industrial era but they are also strongly encumbered by their industrial history and deindustrialization generally accompanied by depopulation. Glasgow has been through a complex transformation since the Second World War. Changes in economy and technology brought the rapid decline of jobs and vacancies in these sectors and a rapid decline of population in Glasgow. The city’s total population loss was about 35% in just 50 years (1950-2001). The position of Ostrava city was not so problematic, but population losses were and still are quite significant on the national scale. These population changes, caused mostly by out-migration, are described in the context of hard factors (mainly human resources, land-use changes, flats) and soft factors (quality of housing, the environment, etc.). The case of Glasgow in the last years demonstrates the positive influence of municipal policy directed towards population changes.

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Kľúčové slová / Keywords:

industrial city, transformation, population, migration, deindustrialization, Ostrava, Glasgow

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