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Od analýzy priestorovej štruktúry k identifikovaniu trendov vo vývoji poľnohospodárskej krajiny v zázemí Bratislavy

In: Geografický časopis, vol. 67, no. 2
Martina Cebecauerová - Michala Sládeková Madajová
Detaily:
Rok, strany: 2015, 127 - 148
Kľúčové slová:
land cover, changes of agricultural landscape, shrinkage of arable land, disappearance of vineyards, suburbanization, hinterland of Bratislava
O článku:
There have been significant social and economic changes in Slovakia during the last 60 years that are also reflected in the overall character and visual image of the country. The aim of this paper is to analyse and visualize the changes in agricultural landscape in the part of hinterland of Bratislava, the area situated between the Malé Karpaty Mountains and the Podunajská nížina Lowland, and to assess the driving forces determining these changes. Agriculture was long the primary economic activity in this territory and it concentrated on growing crops and grasslands on arable land and grape vines on the foothills of the Malé Karpaty Mountains. Monitoring of changes was based on examination of the area, representation of agricultural classes, and their interconversions derived from the contingency tables (matrix changes) in the period immediately preceding the central management and planned economy (in 1949) on the one side and in the stage of society’s transformation, before Slovakiaʼs accession to the EU (the year 2003) on the other. A total loss of arable land, orchards, cultivated vineyards and managed grasslands as well as a minor aforestation process was observed. Not only the size of classes but also their spatial structure captured in the new landscape patterns and qualitative characteristics of the agricultural classes are changing. The presence of the capital city markedly determines the spatial structure of the surrounding area. The landscape is becoming ever more fragmented; its important elements degrade in many places and the degree of anthropogenic transformation is increasing.
Ako citovať:
ISO 690:
Cebecauerová, M., Sládeková Madajová, M. 2015. Od analýzy priestorovej štruktúry k identifikovaniu trendov vo vývoji poľnohospodárskej krajiny v zázemí Bratislavy. In Geografický časopis, vol. 67, no.2, pp. 127-148. ISSN 0016-7193.

APA:
Cebecauerová, M., Sládeková Madajová, M. (2015). Od analýzy priestorovej štruktúry k identifikovaniu trendov vo vývoji poľnohospodárskej krajiny v zázemí Bratislavy. Geografický časopis, 67(2), 127-148. ISSN 0016-7193.