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Disappeared fen-meadows habitat – important local historical biocenter in central part of Bratislava, Slovakia

In: Geografický časopis, vol. 74, no. 1
Peter Pišút Číslo ORCID - Juraj Procházka Číslo ORCID - Eva Uherčíková Číslo ORCID - Romana Kohilová Číslo ORCID
Detaily:
Rok, strany: 2022, 5 - 30
Jazyk: eng
Kľúčové slová:
land use change, fen marsh, Caricion fuscae, palaeoecology, Horský park, Bratislava urban area
Typ dokumentu: článok
O článku:
This study focuses on the defunct historical wetland habitat located at the interface of Carpathian and Pannonian phytogeographical regions in what is now central part of Bratislava, Slovakia. S. Lumnitzer in his Flora Posoniensis (1791) reported interesting marsh species from the then location „unter dem Pazenhäusel“, such as Pedicularis palustris, Peucedanum palustre, Eriophorum angustifolium, Dactylorhiza majalis. Using botanical and geological data, historical maps, field survey and radiocarbon dating, we have reconstructed the location, character and initial area of a historical wetland, evidenced by abovementioned taxa, but also controlling factors which had determined its existence. Human-dependent fen-meadows habitat, probably with a plant community of Caricetum goodenowii, began to decline upon draining in 1890s and eventually fell victim to urban development. Palaeoecological record from a small forest wetland – remnant of former marsh at the margin of Horský park (= renowned urban forest) – has documented a relatively young age and co-alluvial character of deposits, although the examined 80 cm deep core extends back to the 17th century. In total 727 plant seeds, belonging to at least 44 plant taxa document succession (macrofossil zones MZ 1 – 3) and environmental changes over time.
Ako citovať:
ISO 690:
Pišút, P., Procházka, J., Uherčíková, E., Kohilová, R. 2022. Disappeared fen-meadows habitat – important local historical biocenter in central part of Bratislava, Slovakia. In Geografický časopis, vol. 74, no.1, pp. 5-30. ISSN 0016-7193. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31577/geogrcas.2022.74.1.01

APA:
Pišút, P., Procházka, J., Uherčíková, E., Kohilová, R. (2022). Disappeared fen-meadows habitat – important local historical biocenter in central part of Bratislava, Slovakia. Geografický časopis, 74(1), 5-30. ISSN 0016-7193. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31577/geogrcas.2022.74.1.01
O vydaní:
Vydavateľ: Geografický ústav SAV/Institute of Geography of the Slovak Academy of Sciences
Publikované: 31. 3. 2022