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What We Know about Numbers and Propositions and How We Know It

In: Organon F, vol. 27, no. 3
Scott Soames
Rok, strany: 2020, 282 - 301
Jazyk: eng
Kľúčové slová:
Arithmetic; cognition; knowledge; natural numbers; plural properties; plural quantification; propositional attitudes; proposi- tions; representation; semantics.
Typ článku: Research Article
O článku:
The paper sketches and defends two instances of the strategy Let N’s be whatever they have to be to explain our knowledge of them—one in which N’s are natural numbers and one in which N’s are propositions. The former, which makes heavy use of Hume’s principle and plural quantification, grounds our initial knowledge of num- ber in (a) our identification of objects as falling under various types, (b) our ability to count (i.e. to pair memorized numerals with individuated objects of one’s attention), (c) our (initially perceptual) recognition of plural properties (e.g. being three in number), and (d) our predication of those properties of pluralities that possess them (even though no individuals in the pluralities do). Given this foundation, one can use Fregean techniques to non-paradoxically generate more extensive arithmetical knowledge. The second instance of my metaphysics-in-the-service-of-epistemology identifies propositions (i.e. semantic contents of some sentences, objects of the attitudes, and bearers of truth, falsity, necessity, contingency, and apriority) with certain kinds of purely representational cognitive acts, operations, or states. In addition to providing natural solutions to traditionally unaddressed epistemic problems involving linguistic cognition and lan- guage use, I argue that this metaphysical conception of propositions expands the solution spaces of many of the most recalcitrant and long-standing problems in natural-language semantics and the philosophy of language.
Ako citovať:
ISO 690:
Soames, S. 2020. What We Know about Numbers and Propositions and How We Know It. In Organon F, vol. 27, no.3, pp. 282-301. 1335-0668. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31577/orgf.2020.27301

Soames, S. (2020). What We Know about Numbers and Propositions and How We Know It. Organon F, 27(3), 282-301. 1335-0668. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31577/orgf.2020.27301
O vydaní:
Vydavateľ: Filozofický ústav SAV, Filosofický ústav AVČR
Publikované: 6. 8. 2020
Verejná licencia:
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.