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The dominant runoff processes on grassland versus bare soil hillslopes in a temperate environment - An experimental study

In: Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, vol. 67, no. 4
Gabriel Minea - Gabriela Ioana-Toroimac - Gabriela Moroşanu
Detaily:
Rok, strany: 2019, 297 - 304
Jazyk: eng
Kľúčové slová:
Dominant runoff processes; Grassland; Soil water balance plot; Rainfall-runoff event.
URL originálneho zdroja: http://www.ih.sav.sk/jhh
O článku:
This paper aimed to investigate the dominant runoff processes (DRP’s) at plot-scale in the Curvature Subcarpathians under natural rainfall conditions characteristic for Romania’s temperate environment. The study was based on 32 selected rainfall-runoff events produced during the interval April–September (2014– 2017). By comparing water balance on the analyzed Luvisol plots for two types of land use (grassland vs. bare soil), we showed that DRP’s are mostly formed by Hortonian Overland Flow (HOF), 47% vs. 59% respectively. On grassland, HOF is followed by Deep Percolation (DP, 31%) and Fast Subsurface Flow (SSF, 22%), whereas, on bare soil, DP shows a higher percentage (38%) and SSF a lower one (3%), which suggests that the soil-root interface controls the runoff generation. Concerning the relationship between antecedent precipitation and runoff, the study indicated the nonlinearity of the two processes, more obvious on grassland and in drought conditions than on bare soil and in wet conditions (as demonstrated by the higher runoff coefficients). Moreover, the HOF appeared to respond differently to rainfall events on the two plots - slightly longer lag-time, lower discharge and lower volume on grassland - which suggests the hydrologic key role of vegetation in runoff generation processes.
Ako citovať:
ISO 690:
Minea, G., Ioana-Toroimac, G., Moroşanu, G. 2019. The dominant runoff processes on grassland versus bare soil hillslopes in a temperate environment - An experimental study. In Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, vol. 67, no.4, pp. 297-304. 0042-790X (until 2019) . DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/johh-2019-0018

APA:
Minea, G., Ioana-Toroimac, G., Moroşanu, G. (2019). The dominant runoff processes on grassland versus bare soil hillslopes in a temperate environment - An experimental study. Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 67(4), 297-304. 0042-790X (until 2019) . DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/johh-2019-0018
O vydaní:
Vydavateľ: VEDA, Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia
Publikované: 15. 12. 2019