In: Asian and African Studies, vol. 26, no. 1
Karol Sorby Jr.
Rok, strany: 2017, 22 - 40
British Middle Eastern policy after WWI; the Cairo Conference; the coronation of Fayṣal; the establishment of the Iraqi army; the role of Jacfar al-cAskarī
After World War I, in the San Remo Conference (April 1920) Britain was granted a mandate over Iraq to help it advance to readiness for full independence. In June 1920, an armed revolt against British rule broke out and quickly spread through the mid-Euphrates regions. The heavily armed and surprisingly determined tribes scored a number of early and significant successes. The crushing of the revolt involved besides the cost of lives the expenditure of huge amounts from the British Treasury. Winston Churchill, in taking charge of the Near and Middle East affairs, called a conference to Cairo on March 1921. The questions considered by the conference included the immediate reduction of British expenditure in Iraq with the consequent revision of policy involving 1. the future relationship of Iraq to Great Britain; 2. the person of the future ruler of Iraq; 3. the nature and composition of the defence forces of the new state which was to assume an increasing share of its own defence.
Sorby Jr., K. 2017. Britains’s Pressing Need For The Establishment Of An Iraqi Army, (1920 – 1922). In Asian and African Studies, vol. 26, no.1, pp. 22-40. 1335-1257.
Sorby Jr., K. (2017). Britains’s Pressing Need For The Establishment Of An Iraqi Army, (1920 – 1922). Asian and African Studies, 26(1), 22-40. 1335-1257.