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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 39, 2007, No. 6English

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  Tížik, Miroslav: On the Sociology of the New Religiosity
Oľga Gyárfášová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 6English: 560-562.

 
  Filadelfiová, Jarmila - Bútorová, Zora (ed.): Women, Men, and the Age in the Labour Market Statistics
Daniel Gerbery

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 6English: 562-564.

 
  Gajdoš, Peter - Pašiak, Ján: Regional Development of Slovakia from the Perspective of Spatial Sociology
Stanislav Buchta

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 6English: 564-567.

 
  Matulník, Jozef a kol.: The Analysis of the Impact of Social and Health Changes on the Demographic Behaviour in Slovakia
Peter Gajdoš

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 6English: 567-572.

 
 

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  Economic Globalization and the “Power of Place”: Strategic Globalization and Social Dynamics of Localization
Frens Kroeger

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Transnational corporations; economic networks; conflict in business organizations; economic globalization; global local relationship

Economic Globalization and the “Power of Place”: Strategic Globalization and Social Dynamics of Localization in Transnational Corporations. This paper aims to deepen and differentiate superficial and all too “smooth” depictions of economic globalization by probing more deeply into social dynamics of conflict and resistance within Transnational Corporations. Conceiving of these as interaction systems, it is shown that (1) the living practice of organizational life is much more obstinate than is commonly assumed and makes use of diverse strategies to enact formal as well as informal resistance, and (2) that these social dynamics are both fuelled by and strengthen what, following Richard Sennett, can be called the “power of place”. Thus, strategic globalization emerges as inextricably intertwined with social dynamics of localization. Sociológia 2007, Vol. 39 (No 6: 483-501)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 6English: 483-501.

 
  Gendered Housework. A Cross-European Analysis.
Bogdan Voicu, Malina Voicu, Katarína Strapcová

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Housework; gender roles; Europe; EQLS; multilevel analysis

Gendered Housework. A Cross-European Analysis. The paper focuses on the factors which influence the sharing of domestic work in European countries. Many previous studies have offered explanations on the individual level, taking into account only individual characteristics when predicting a spouse’s contribution to chores. Using multilevel regression models, we try to combine individual-level and country-level factors in order to draw an explanatory model for the gendered sharing of housework within couples across European societies. The analysis provides support for most of the theories we have tested. The resource theory and the dependency/bargaining hypothesis were confirmed: in a couple, when one of the partners has more resources or a better status, the other spouse uses relatively more hours for the housework. On the other hand, religious and gender values play an important role: the more secular and more oriented towards gender equality a couple is in thinking, the more equally the partners share their housework. However, on average, all over the world, women spend more hours on housework than men do. The country-level indicators seem to be less important, but societies which are more affluent, less materialist societies, post-communist societies, societies where women are more present in public life, and those where Catholicism is not the dominant religion are characterized by a more equalitarian sharing of the housework. Sociológia 2007, Vol. 39 (No. 6: 502-521)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 6English: 502-521.

 
  The Economics of Social Order: Contrasting Durkheim and Buchanan
Vladislav Valentinov

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Social order, social rules, social contract, market exchange

The economics of social order: contrasting Durkheim and Buchanan. The paper examines the viewpoints of James Buchanan and Emile Durkheim on the question whether the maintenance of social order can be understood as resulting from contractual exchange of rational individuals. It is argued that neither Buchanan’s normative individualism requires considering the maintenance of social order as an outcome of an exchange process, nor Durkheim’s notion of moral integration requires embracing methodological holism. On this basis, the paper proposes an individualist understanding of social order as collective self-sufficiency rather than exchange. The broader implication of this argument is that institutions must be generally viewed as based on variable combinations of self-sufficiency and exchange as alternative mechanisms of gratifying human wants. Sociológia 2007, Vol. 39 (No. 6: 522-534)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 6English: 522-534.

 
  African Immigrants in Almería (Spain): Spatial Segregation, Residential Conditions and Housing Segmentation
Juan Carlos Checa Olmos, Ángeles Arjona Garrido

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Almería, African, segregation, residential conditions, housing segmentation

African immigrants in Almería (Spain): spatial segregation, residential conditions and housing segmentation. In this article, the residential situation of the immigrants coming from Africa to the province of Almería is described, analyzing mainly two aspects. Firstly, the residential segregation starting from the indexes of dissimilarity, isolation and absolute centralization. Secondly, the characteristics of the lodgings inhabited by the immigrants, taking as reference the indicators of stability, adequacy, habitability and affordability. The data were obtained from the Municipal Census and from a survey. The results show high residential segregation and a deficient residential situation, where almost three out of every four African immigrants live in unfit dwellings. The main reason that explains this situation is ethnic discrimination. Sociológia 2007, Vol. 39 (No 6: 535-559)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 6English: 535-559.