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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review

Volume 37, 2005, No. 5




  Durkheim Émile: Společenská dělba práce
Zuzana Kusá

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 37, 2005, No. 5: 475-478.

  Krekovič, E. - Mannová, E. - Krekovičová, E. (eds.): Mýty naše slovenské
Robert Klobucký

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 37, 2005, No. 5: 478-481.

  Katrňák Tomáš: Odsouzeni k manuální práci. Vzdělanostní reprodukce v dělnické rodině
Bohumil Búzik

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 37, 2005, No. 5: 481-484.



  Demografická situácia a správanie rodín vz. verejná politika
Jarmila Filadelfiová

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Demographic situation; family behaviour; public policy

Demographic Situation and Family Behaviour Versus Public Policy in the Slovak Republic. In the first chapter, the study provides a brief summary of trends in basic demographic processes in Slovakia in the last fifteen post-revolutionary years. A separate part of the text addresses regional heterogeneity and draws our attention to several extreme differences according to chosen indicators. The study also offers the most recent data on population, family, and household structure. It points out the possible consequences of ongoing changes while focusing on aging processes and gender issues. The paper is based on various data which are presented in graphs and charts. In another part, an analysis of increasing social differences between families and households is included. Significant changes in the development and structure of the population have an impact on many social and economical spheres of society. They influence not only the systems of health care and social welfare, but also the labour market structure, education system, and housing policy. In the conclusion, the author attempts to clarify the public debate about these issues and to formulate challenges for Slovak public policy. Sociológia 2005, Vol. 37 (No. 5: 387-418)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 37, 2005, No. 5: 387-418.

  Percepcia nerovností a príčin chudoby na Slovensku
Katarína Strapcová

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Social inequality; poverty perception; solidarity

Perceptions on Inequality and on the Causes of Poverty in Slovakia. In this paper, popular perceptions on inequality and on the causes of poverty in Slovakia are analysed. The paper begins with the assumption that recognising popular perceptions will enable us to identify how socially marginalized people are represented in our society and what kinds of social policy measures are perceived as appropriate by the public. Our theoretical concept is based on a two dimensional typology with four basic types of poverty explanation: 1. individual blame or blaming-the-poor approach, 2. social blame or blaming-the-state approach, 3. individual fate and 4. social fate. In addition to an empirical analysis, an assessment is made as to whether perceptions are shaped by basic principles present in the judgment process (self-interest, i.e. the underdog principle, or enlightenment principle). The dynamics of changes in public opinion are examined through available comparative datasets (European Values Study 1991 and 1999, Society 2004). The results show that the individual socio-economic position has an effect on the preferred explanation of poverty causes. The higher the socio-economic position, the more stigmatising the opinion. Sociológia 2005, Vol. 37 (No. 5: 419-448)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 37, 2005, No. 5: 419-448.

  Latentná ekonomika kultúrnej výmeny au pair
Miloslav Bahna

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au pair; migration; domestic work; child care; cultural exchange

Latent Economy of the Au Pair Cultural Exchange Programme. At the beginning of the 1990´s the typical participants of the au pair scheme were predominantly middle-class girls from Western Europe. However, this has changed in the last decades and girls from Eastern Europe have prevailed in the au pair stays which continue to be defined as “cultural exchange”. Thus the meaning of the term “au pair” has started to change, mainly because of the significantly different life experiences, material and structural backgrounds of au pairs from post-communist countries, such as Slovakia, the Czech Republic or Hungary, and because of the growing demand for a low-cost solution of child care in the West. The piecemeal transformation of the programme of cultural exchange to a part of the “child care strategy” in Western European countries gives the au pair scheme an economic dimension hidden behind the official definition of the programme. This study, based on data from Internet agencies that mediate au pair stays, finds statistically significant differences in characteristics of an au pair from Eastern and Western Europe. It also states that there is coherence between the characteristics of au pairs and the economic situations of their countries of origin. The key differences in strategies of the “Eastern” and “Western” au pair are presented in the final typology. Sociológia 2005, Vol. 37 (No. 5: 449-474)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 37, 2005, No. 5: 449-474.