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Asian and African Studies


Volume 26, 2017, No. 1

Content:


  The Excavations At Tell el-Retaba In 1977, 1978 and 1981 – Part 1 (In Memoriam Of Hans Goedicke)
Ľubica Hudáková, Jozef Hudec

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Tell el-Retaba, Hans Goedicke, Michael Fuller, archaeology, dating

In Part 1 the article brings the main results of the field excavations at Tell el-Retaba undertaken by Hans Goedicke´s team in 1977 and 1978, their comparison to the results of the joint Polish – Slovak mission and some revisions wherever possible. In 1977 the survey denoted the site as a garrison town extensively used in the New Kingdom. In 1978 Petrie´s work was re-examined; the Central Test Pit was excavated and eleven major stratigraphic levels were identified and tested. Some conclusions concern chronology of temenos, rebuilds of temple(s), and its dismantling. The dating of levels in the Central Test Pit is reconsidered in compliance with recent researches. Finds and the season 1981 will be released in Part 2.

Asian and African Studies. Volume 26, 2017, No. 1: 1-21.

 
  Britains’s Pressing Need For The Establishment Of An Iraqi Army, (1920 – 1922)
Karol Sorby Jr.

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British Middle Eastern policy after WWI; the Cairo Conference; the coronation of Fayṣal; the establishment of the Iraqi army; the role of Jacfar al-cAskarī

After World War I, in the San Remo Conference (April 1920) Britain was granted a mandate over Iraq to help it advance to readiness for full independence. In June 1920, an armed revolt against British rule broke out and quickly spread through the mid-Euphrates regions. The heavily armed and surprisingly determined tribes scored a number of early and significant successes. The crushing of the revolt involved besides the cost of lives the expenditure of huge amounts from the British Treasury. Winston Churchill, in taking charge of the Near and Middle East affairs, called a conference to Cairo on March 1921. The questions considered by the conference included the immediate reduction of British expenditure in Iraq with the consequent revision of policy involving 1. the future relationship of Iraq to Great Britain; 2. the person of the future ruler of Iraq; 3. the nature and composition of the defence forces of the new state which was to assume an increasing share of its own defence.

Asian and African Studies. Volume 26, 2017, No. 1: 22-40.

 
  The Socio-Economic Developments Of Aso-Oke Of South-Western Nigeria
Olayinka Akanle, O. A. Fadina, A. O. Olutayo

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Aso-oke, Kente, Economic History, Yoruba, Nigeria

This article offers a case-specific examination of the effects of colonialism on a local culture and economy - Aso-oke of South-Western Nigeria. In so doing, it provides more evidence to further the assertion that the economic dependency that resulted from colonialism was not an accident, but rather an intentional outcome. This article serves as an excellent example of how current economic and social circumstances cannot be fully understood without substantial knowledge of the past. Through examination of Aso-oke this article used primary data generated through qualitative techniques, archival records and other secondary data to engage research issues. The article concluded that the development and economic history of Aso-oke, hold the prospect for understanding the complications, complexities, contestations and contextualities of the contemporary development of Africa and beyond.

Asian and African Studies. Volume 26, 2017, No. 1: 41-68.

 
  The Perfective Form In Arusa – A Cognitive-Grammaticalization Model
Alexander Andrason, Michael Karani

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Maasai, TAM verbal semantics, maps, cognitive linguistics, grammaticalization

The present paper studies the semantics of the so-called perfective (PFV) form in Arusa (Maasai), using the model of the dynamic (one- and two-dimensional) semantic maps. The analysis demonstrates that PFV is a broad, semi-advanced resultative-path gram. It spans large sections of the two sub-paths of the resultative path: the anterior path (present perfect, perfective and non-perfective past, as well pluperfect and future perfect) and the simultaneous path (present stative). However, the PFV form is incompatible with the input sense of the resultative path (a resultative proper present) and the most advanced stages of the two sub-paths (non-stative present and progressive past). If the information related to prototypicality is included, the map adopts the shape of a wave with the prototypicality peaks located in the area of a perfective past and, to a lesser degree, a present perfect. The senses of a non-perfective past and a stative present are less prototypical. Other senses (pluperfect, future perfect and counterfactual irrealis) are non-prototypical, contributing minimally to the gram’s semantics.

Asian and African Studies. Volume 26, 2017, No. 1: 69-101.

 
  The Evil Eye of Sumerian Deities
Zacharias Kotzé

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Evil eye, Sumerian deities, cognitive linguistics.

The evil eye in ancient Mesopotamia has received surprisingly little attention in recent research. It has been suggested that the belief in the malefic gaze was much less prevalent in ancient Mesopotamia than initially thought by earlier generations of scholars. Unfortunately, though, recent scholarship has focused exclusively on the relatively small corpus of evil eye incantations from ancient Mesopotamia. This study attempts to add to the understanding of this ancient belief system by analysing the conceptual content of linguistic expressions for the evil eye of gods and goddesses in Sumerian literature.

Asian and African Studies. Volume 26, 2017, No. 1: 102-115.

 
  A Character-Pair In The Chinese Novel Qilu Deng
Lucie Olivová

Chinese literature, 18th century, vernacular novel, Qiludeng, gender, parallelism, character-pairs, doubles

This article investigates two female characters from the novel Qiludeng歧路燈 (The Lantern at the Crossroads), completed in 1777. They were imagined as a complementary pair, therefore, the article will also address the literary concept of a “character-pair”, and its relation to the formal parallelism.We shall then note that the disposition and demeanour of this particular pair correspond with many traditional notions of female social roles, observed by modern anthropologists today. Finally, “character-pairs” in Chinese vernacular fiction will be recognised as distinct from the so called “doubles” in Western fiction of the nineteenth century.

Asian and African Studies. Volume 26, 2017, No. 1: 116-125.

 
  The War Of Attrition In The Middle East, 1969 – 1970
Karol Sorby

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UN Resolution 242, the principle “land for peace”, Arab summit at Khartoum, effort to “eliminate the effects of aggression”, the War of Attrition, the Bar Lev line, the Rogers Plan.

After the June War of 1967 the issue at stake was the return of territories occupied by Israel. The purposely ambiguous UN Resolution 242 became a controversial issue as each party stressed another part of the resolution. As the Israelis refused the equation “land for peace” and the withdrawal from all territories, the Arab states at Khartoum decided to adopt a unified position. The Arab states agreed to unify efforts to “eliminate the effects of aggression” – not eliminate Israel. Although they pledged not to negotiate with Israel, they looked to the superpowers – the USA and USSR – to resolve the dispute. The USA was all too willing to sit back and wait for the Arab states to come around. After all, the Arab States wanted their land back and all they had to do to get it back was to sign peace treaties with Israel. To re-engage the Americans, Egypt engaged Israel in the so-called War of Attrition artillery duels and aerial dogfights across the Suez Canal (solely within its own occupied territory). The US Department of State made an attempt to break the impasse announcing the Rogers Plan in December 1969. Both sides at first turned down the plan, but the escalation of war during the first half of 1970 and the threat of superpower involvement may have changed the situation. In July 1970 Egypt and Israel accepted the Rogers Plan.

Asian and African Studies. Volume 26, 2017, No. 1: 127-147.

 
 

Book Review:

 
  Yuying, Yang: 马立安•高利克的汉学研究 [Marián Gálik’s Sinological Studies]
Yong Zhang


Asian and African Studies. Volume 26, 2017, No. 1: 148-151.

 
  Mendel, Miloš: Dějiny Saúdské Arábie [History of Saudi Arabia]
Karol Sorby

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Asian and African Studies. Volume 26, 2017, No. 1: 152-154.

 
 

Plates:

 
  The Excavations At Tell el-Retaba In 1977, 1978 and 1981 – Part 1 (In Memoriam Of Hans Goedicke)
Ľubica Hudáková, Jozef Hudec

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Asian and African Studies. Volume 26, 2017, No. 1: 155-161.