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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 48, 2016, No. 6

Content:


 

review:

 
  Gbúrová, Marcela – Dobiaš, Daniel: The Liberalism Idea in European and Slovak Political Though
Dušan Masár

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 6: 664-665.

 
  Gerbery, Daniel – Hofreiter, Roman (eds.): Society and Economy: Sociological Perspectives
Katarína Strapcová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 6: 665-668.

 
 

study:

 
  Infrastructure in Marginalised Roma Settlements: Towards a Typology of Unequal Outcomes of EU Funded Projects
Daniel Škobla, Richard Filčák

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Roma settlements; infrastructure; EU projects; Slovakia

The social exclusion of the Roma population in Slovakia is manifested in many areas of life– from housing, education, access to healthcare and services, to employment and spatial distance. More than half of the Roma live in segregated settlements, which are characterized by a lack of fundamental infrastructure. Although a substantial number of infrastructure projects funded from EU funds were implemented to address these conditions the outcomes had been inconclusive. In this paper, the authors suggest that significant factors affecting the outcomes are general structural conditions, power asymmetries, and rooted social practices at the local level. Employing P. Bourdieu’s theoretical concepts and building on extensive fieldwork in municipalities of eastern and southern Slovakia, the authors identify three types of outcomes. These might serve as ‘ideal types’ for the better understanding of social processes leading to decision-making, and how various social agents may shape implementation of infrastructure projects at the local level. Finally, the authors discuss possibilities of how to mitigate discrepancies between the declared goals of the projects and their real outcomes.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 6: 551-571.

 
  Educational Mismatch Among Immigrants in the Czech Republic – Selected Issues
Martina Koutná, Anna Krčková, Tereza Vavřinová

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educational mismatch; education-occupation mismatch; skills mismatch; utilisation of skills; migration; over-education of immigrants; social cohesion; social integration

Although the share of immigrants in the CR is in comparison with other EU states relatively small, the number of foreign nationals quadrupled over the past two decades. The most important challenge of integration of immigrants into the labour market is releasing their full skills potential, which has also a positive impact on integration and social cohesion. The aim of this article is to examine educational mismatch of immigrants on the basis of the CZ-LFS and the 2014 CZ-LFS ad-hoc module data. The immigrants in this study are divided according to the country of origin into three groups: Slovaks, EU and non-EU countries nationals. After overview of immigrant population and its characteristic, binary logistic regression models exploring the odds of working in high-skilled occupations, empirical and subjective over-education are described.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 6: 572-600.

 
  Cultural Capital and Educational Outcomes in Croatia: AContextual Approach
Željko Pavić, Marina Đukić

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cultural capital; education; educational outcomes; schooling attainment; Croatia

This paper examines the relationship between different types of cultural capital and educational outcomes. The authors operationalised highbrow cultural capital, two additional formal competencies from CNFC, and parental cultural capital, in order to ascertain whether these cultural capital types are associated with secondary school enrolment and school grades. Data was collected by the authors in a survey that was conducted in five Croatian secondary schools. The results broadly show that highbrow cultural capital is connected with both measured educational outcomes. The authors conclude that the dominant interpretation of cultural capital still has its merits and argue for a broader contextual approach to cultural capital in future research.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 6: 601-621.

 
  The „Real“ Old Age and the Transition between the Third and Fourth Age
Marcela Petrová Kafková

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older adults; third age; fourth age; agency; SHARE; the Czech Republic

My paper focuses on the relation between chronological age and health. I understand health decline as an indicator of the transition into the fourth age. Currently the definition of the fourth age has been somewhat unclear. Some of the authors consider the fourth age as a synonym of the oldest-old and they define individuals in the fourth age based on their chronological age, mostly between 75 and 80 years. From the perspective of social gerontology, however, such a view is insufficient. Fourth-agers might be characterized especially by the loss of agency, ability to care and to make decisions about themselves. The SHARE data analysis for the Czech Republic confirmed the connection between health decline, frailty and chronological age, but it is not easy to define the exact boundary of the fourth age. Ageing is undoubtedly very individual. The frequently used boundary of 75 years seems to be unsuitable since frailty and general health decline occur more after 80 in men and women. Although the quality of life of older adults declines apparently with age, the decline is more affected by health status than chronological age. Health and quality of life are significantly influenced by the cultural and economic capital of older adults. Older adults with basic education and low income are more at risk of poorer health and lower quality of life. There are also significant gender differences. Women are more fragile, the analysis of the impact of income and education showed, however, that the relationship of gender, health and quality of life is much more complicated. To reach higher quality of life, women benefit from higher income more than men, higher education, however, brings greater benefit to men. Generally, structural factors seem to intervene in health and quality of life significantly.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 6: 622-640.

 
  The Religiosity Behind Bars: Forms of Inmate's Religiosity in the Czech Prison System
Jan Váně, Lukáš Dirga

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Czech Republic; prison; religiosity; ethnography

The text focuses on the multiple forms of religiosity (based on different types of motivation) of inmates in Czech prisons from the perspective of three groups of respondents: prison inmates, prison guards and representatives of a number of churches. The study is based on an ethnographic study of prisons in the Czech Republic. The data corpus includes qualitative interviews with selected actors in the prison world, material gathered through observations inside prisons and an analysis of the documentation on the Czech penitentiary system. Through this research, we found that the key respondents feel that there is some ambivalence around the religiosity of inmates and that the pragmatic approach many inmates take to faith is becoming a controversial issue. Our research demonstrated that the presence of religiosity of inmates in prison is not really accepted in a clearly positive manner as it may seem at first glance. On the contrary, the presence of it in prisons has become the subject of controversy among its main actors.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 6: 641-663.