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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 46, 2014, No. 6English

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  Krivý, Vladimír (ed.): Ako sa mení slovenská spoločnosť
Zora Bútorová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 6English: 732-738.

 
 

study:

 
  Návrat a odpoutávání se od sociálního původu: vývoj sociální fluidity v České republice v letech 1990 až 2011
Tomáš Katrňák, Laura Fónadová

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social mobility; stratification; inequality; post-socialism; birth cohorts; the Czech Republic

Return to and Departure from Social Origin: Trends in Social Fluidity in the Czech Republic between 1990 and 2011. The authors analyse trends in social fluidity between 1990 and 2011 in Czech society and examine how the transition from socialism to capitalism has affected these trends. The data consist of 28 annual surveys conducted in the Czech Republic between 1990 and 2011 (N=28,726). The results show that social fluidity in Czech society decreased between 1989 and 2000. This is the result of social change (the period effect), namely, intragenerational changes, which the authors conceptualise as a return to social origin. These changes are related to the re-stratification of Czech society after 1989. The period of return to social origin ends sometime around the year 2000. After that, the trend reverses and social fluidity slowly increases. The authors argue that the period of return to social origin is replaced by a period of departure from social origin. This shift is the effect of the educational expansion that has occurred since 1989 in Czech society and cohort replacement. Soiciológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 6: 655-685)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 6English: 655-685.

 
  Politická participácia založená na moci a vplyve v Európskych demokraciách
Matej Makarovič, Mateja Rek

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political participation; democracy; Europe; influence; power

Power and Influence-Based Political Participation in European Democracies. In this article, we analyse issues related to political participation from the perspective of sociological theory. The key argument is based on a theoretical framework distinguishing clearly between power and influence. We employ Talcott Parsons' theory of steering media and use it as a base on which to build a classification of forms of political participation. We show that with the development of a society, power-based political participation is not being replaced by influence-based political participation. Instead, in developed societies, the number of active citizens increases, and they tend to use more of both power-based and influence-based forms of political participation. Based on our classification of the forms of political participation, we examine a set of quantitative indicators using a hierarchical cluster analysis in order to explore differences and similarities among EU members as regards the use of power or influence-based forms of political participation. Sociológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 6: 686-705)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 6English: 686-705.

 
  Komu zvoní hrana: teorie křivd a nástup nových politických stran v parlamentních volbách 2010 a 2013 v České republice
Pavel Maškarinec, Petr Bláha

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Czech Republic; parliamentary elections; new political parties; grievance theory; grievance mobilization; economic grievance; immigration; ethnic grievance; Public Affairs Party, ANO2011, Dawn of Direct Democracy of Tomio Okamura

For whom the Bell Tolls: Grievance Theory and the Rise of New Political Parties in the 2010 and 2013 Czech Parliamentary Elections. This article presents an analysis of the electoral success of new political parties in the 2010 and 2013 Czech parliamentary elections. The article uses the grievance theory for explaining the reasons behind inter-regional variation of electoral support for the Public Affairs Party, ANO 2011, and the Dawn of Direct Democracy of Tomio Okamura. We use two grievance mobilization models which focus on economic changes and immigration/ethnic conflict. The study discusses grievance mobilization models and tests them on aggregate regional data using linear regression analysis. Overall, the study finds that the explanatory capacity of grievance theory mobilization models is very low. This is especially the case of economic grievances, but even ethnic mobilization models were only moderately successful. While neither model performed well when controlling for education and age structure, the models including contextual variables had the best explanatory ability. As the total amount of variance explained by the regression models was very low, future research should search for other factors explaining the reasons for the rise of the new parties. The theoretical model of grievance mobilization should be applied on individual data from surveys that are able to account more adequately for existing grievances in society, including political grievances, which are very difficult to observe at the aggregate level of analysis. Sociológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 6: 706-731)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 6English: 706-731.