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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 46, 2014, No. 3English

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  Macháček, Ladislav: How Are You, Hungarians in Slovakia?
Viktória Botošová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 3English: 343-348.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  European Comparison of Intergenerational Differences in Private Returns toEducation in the Context of Tertiary Education Expansion
Miroslav Štefánik

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private returns to education; educational expansion; earnings regression; instrumental variable JEL: J31, J38, I28, I23, I24

European Comparison of Intergenerational Differences in Private Returns to Education in the Context of Tertiary Education Expansion. This paper provides an international comparison of private returns to education which is put into the context of recent increase in tertiary education accessibility. We compare post-socialistic Central European countries: Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia to countries of continental Western Europe: Austria, Belgium, Germany, France and Luxembourg. Micro-data from the European Survey on Income and Living Conditions are utilised in order to estimate private returns to education using Mincerian earning regressions. We have found out that while in West European countries the returns to tertiary education acquired after 1995 are higher than returns to tertiary education acquired before 1995, which is in line with expectations based on obsolescence of education, this is not true for the post-socialistic countries. The Central European, post-socialistic countries provide evidence on decline in private returns to education acquired after 1995. This could be related with the character of tertiary education expansion, which was more intensive in post-socialistic countries and rather continuous in the countries of continental Western Europe. Sociológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 3: 243-260)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 3English: 243-260.

 
  Transnational Solidarity and Public Support for the EU Enlargement
Horatiu Rusu, Andrei Gheorghita

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transnational solidarity; EU enlargement; EU integration; identity; post-materialism

Transnational Solidarity and Public Support for the EU Enlargement. What makes people support the European Union project has been a topic of constant research in the social sciences during the last decades. The key explanations of attitudes towards EU integration and enlargement processes are mainly related to identity issues, trust in political institutions, post-materialism, cognitive mobilization and utilitarianism. This paper revisits these explanations and adds a new ingredient to the debate, namely the role of solidarity in confining sceptical attitudes towards enlargement. We hypothesize that a deficit of transnational solidarity at the level of citizens is related to an attitude of reluctance about further EU enlargement. For this purpose, we employ a multilevel approach on individual-level data from the European Values Study 2008 – 2009 and contextual data for 42 countries. Our findings support the idea of a significant, positive relation between transnational solidarity and pro-enlargement attitudes. Sociológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 3: 261-282)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 3English: 261-282.

 
  Specification of the Quality of Work Life Characteristics inthe Slovak Economic Environment
Ladislav Sojka

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quality of work life; job satisfaction; QWL characteristics

Specification of the Quality of Work Life Characteristics in the Slovak Economic Environment. The paper describes the state of the art of the quality of work life (QWL) in the Slovak academic and practice environment. It was found that until now only a little effort has been devoted to this issue within the academic sphere. Definitions of QWL were critically reviewed and a new definition based on ISO 9000 definition has been proposed. On the basis of the research conducted on the sample of 721 respondents, ten QWL characteristics were selected that are relevant to the Slovak economic environment. A typology of QWL characteristics and methods of QWL calculation are also presented. Sociológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 3: 283-299)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 3English: 283-299.

 
  The Marriage Market in Spain. Analysis of the Structure of Opportunity in Mixed Marriages
Ángeles Arjona Garrido, Juan Carlos Checa Olmos

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intermarriage; immigration; marriage market; family; preferences

The Marriage Market in Spain. Analysis of the Structure ofOpportunity in Mixed Marriages. The dual purpose of this article is to find out the importance and characteristics of marriages between foreigners and Spaniards and to study the opinions of the Spanish population on the possibility of their children having affective relationships with foreigners, since this is becoming an important element in the definition of the marriage market opportunity structure. For the first goal, data were acquired from the Movimiento Natural de Población (Vital Statistics) statistical source. For the second, data were taken from the national survey on attitudes of the Spanish population toward immigrants taken by the ASEP Company. The results show, firstly, that there is a gradual increase in mixed marriages, although there are differentiated patterns between men and women. Secondly, Spaniards are against one of their family members marrying a foreigner. Sociológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 3: 300-319)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 3English: 300-319.

 
  Cooperation over International Water Resources: a Case from the Danube River Basin
Milovan Vukovic, Danijela Voza, Nada Štrbac, Ljiljana Takic

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environmental cooperation; Hungary; Slovakia; neo-realism; institutiona¬lism; linkage of issues

Cooperation over International Water Resources: a Case from the Danube River Basin. This paper explores the dynamics of environmental conflict and cooperation under the conditions of relative power symmetry and involvement of various actors (not predominantly state-actors); especially, environmental groups. It analyzes the highly-contested water issue in the Danube river basin that refers to the multi-purpose ''Gabcikovo-Nagymaros'' project and its alleged detrimental impact on the environment. In order to present a thorough explаnation of cooperative efforts, the paper discusses the Hungaria-Slovakian water conflict through following variables: (1) structural variables that include both (a) regional power distribution between disputants and regional countries, and, (b) issue-power distribution; (2) type of conflict (strategic versus symbolic); and (3) linkage variables that include a number of tactics to tie a particular water dispute to other issue/issues. The conflict analysis shows that the water dispute between Hungary and Slovakia involves dynamics that include a complex network of interactions between a number of domestic and international policy actors. It also indicates the conditions under which a voluntary mode of cooperation can produce unsatisfactory results. Sociológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 3: 320-342)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 3English: 320-342.