Vedecké časopisy a ročenky vydávané na pôde SAV

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Geografický časopis


Volume 65, 2013, No. 2

Content:


  Festival tourism – the concept, key functions and dysfunctions in the context of tourism geography studies
Waldemar Cudny 1)

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1)Uniwersytet Łódzki, Filia w Tomaszowie Mazowieckim, ul. Konstytucji 3 maja 65/67, 97-200 Tomaszów Mazowiecki, Poland. , algernon1@neostrada.pl


festivals, festival tourism, tourism geography, tourism functions and dysfunctions, festivalization

Festivals are a rapidly developing phenomenon, which is why they are frequently studied in different sciences. They play a major role in the development of tourism; therefore it is important to conduct a comprehensive study of festivals within the framework of tourism geography. Travel to visit a festival may be treated as a separate type of tourism called festival tourism. It has a substantial influence on the tourist space. If the impacts are positive, they are referred to as functions. There are also negative impacts described as the dysfunctions of festival tourism. The aim of this article is to compensate for the shortage of geographical works concerning festival tourism. The author’s intention is to present festivals as an object of study in tourism geography, to provide the definition of festival tourism, as well as to establish its main impacts on the tourist space (tourism functions and dysfunctions).

Geografický časopis. Volume 65, 2013, No. 2: 105-118.

 
  Verejná doprava ako indikátor medzisídelných väzieb madzi mestami Slovenska
Marcel Horňák 1), Tomáš Pšenka 2)

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1)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demogeografie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. hornak@fns.uniba.sk
2)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demogeografie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. psenka.tomas@gmail.com


public passenger transport connection, interurban relationships, intensity of connection, regional capitals, Slovakia

Spatial interactions including interurban relationships have always been principal in geographical research. Public transport networks represent spatial elements employing existing transport infrastructure and reflecting spatial (especially interurban) relationships. Research on the spatial attributes of the public transport system may help to identify the strength, orientation and quality of interurban relationships. Numerous studies by geographers and other experts use public transportation links for spatial analysis of interurban and interregional bonds. The paper is focused on an analysis of interurban connections within the network of 138 towns and cities (with the urban statute) in Slovakia based on evaluation of direct public transport connections covered by both train and bus services, surveyed in 2010. Special attention is paid to interurban relationships within the territorial administrative units of Slovakia (NUTS III level) and the spatial integrity of these units is examined through the quality and direction of connections with regional capitals. The study also shows the quality of mutual public-transport connectivity of regional capitals. The results indicate that interurban interactions are rather weak in some of the NUTS III units. Rather than administrative identity, position in transport infrastructure networks and geographical position seem to be more important in the mutual connectivity of urban centres.

Geografický časopis. Volume 65, 2013, No. 2: 119-140.

 
  Stupňovitá štruktúra dna koryta vodného toku s výrazným pozdĺžnym sklonom (na príklade horného toku rieky Topľa)
Milan Frandofer 1), Milan Lehotský 2)

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1)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra fyzickej geografie a geoekológie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. mfrandofer@gmail.com
2)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geogleho@savba.sk


step-like channel, headwater stream, River Topľa, step morphometry, relative steepness factor

A staircase-like longitudinal profile of the Topľa headwater stream channel is analysed and the resultant parameters of step heights, wavelengths, relative steepness and vertical sinuosity are compared with well-established values published in other studies. While the mean step height and wavelength do not show significant differences, the relative steepness factor and vertical sinuosity index are relatively low compared to the theoretical values of a developed and stable step/pool system, performing as the maximum flow dissipator. Recent extreme flood events in the Topľa watershed may be the cause of system disruption. However, a recovery of the system stability was observed in other step-pool channels worldwide indicating that these rhythmic forms reflect a general self-organization phenomenon operating on the earth’s surface.

Geografický časopis. Volume 65, 2013, No. 2: 141-159.

 
  Aplikácia novej klasifikácie textúry v geografii pôd Slovenska
Zoltán Bedrna 1), Tomáš Orfánus 2)

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1)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra fyzickej geografie a geoekológie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. bedrna@fns.uniba.sk
2) Ústav hydrológie SAV, Račianska 75, 831 02 Bratislava. orfanus@uh.savba.sk


soil texture, classification, geography of soils, Slovakia

Soil texture classification exists in various modifications in the majority of soil-classification systems in the world. Texture (fine-earth grain-size classes) of mineral soils within the Slovak morphogenetic classification of soils (Šály et al. 2000), is determined from the USDA triangle (Soil Survey Staff 2010). The histic (organic) soils have been classified according to the degree of organic matter decomposition as fibric, mesic, or sapric. The innovation of soil texture classification (Bedrna and Orfánus 2012, Orfánus and Bedrna 2012) is grounded in hierarchical division of soil texture into classes, groups, and kinds considering all relevant components of soil (fine-earth, skeleton and organic particles). The classification proposal confirms a separate textural class of psephitic soils (gravelly, stony and bouldery) but in the scope of organic-mineral soils establishes a completely new textural class of humolitic soils with 30-50% volumetric of organic matter (fibric and sapric). It also confirms histic soil class for organic soils with > 50% volumetric of organic matter (folic, fibric, mezic and sapric) present. The broader geographical and ecological context of the new soil-texture classification system is demonstrated on two examples; the first one – Jurský Šúr near Bratislava – represents wetland soil, while the second represents montane soil near Brezno (central Slovakia).

Geografický časopis. Volume 65, 2013, No. 2: 161-169.

 
  Vyčleňovanie a typizácia geoekologických jednotiek jaskýň s využitím multivariačných štatistických metód
Štefan Ratkovský 1)

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1)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra fyzickej geografie a geoekológie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. ratkovsky@email.cz


cave, geoecological units, delimitation, typology, multivariate method

The aim of this article is to create a procedure for delimitation and typology of geoecological units in caves. Caves are considered as geosystems, which are characterized by vertical (speleotopes) and horizontal (speleochores) spatial structure. The delimitation of a speleotope resides in determination of the most significant natural spatial boundaries among the leading natural components of a cave, which are mainly the speleorelief, then water or sedimentary fills. Summed geoecological values of speleotopes can be calculated from the normalized orthogonal state variables (Xj) by application of the statistical multivariate method – factor analysis. The speleotopes were consequently classified into geoecological types by application of cluster analysis and hierarchical typology. Choric units of the cave environment, consisting of speleotopes, which have geoecologically similar contents, are those sections of the cave where the same direction of the natural processes prevails, especially where geomorphological and hydrological processes are concerned.

Geografický časopis. Volume 65, 2013, No. 2: 171-185.