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Geografický časopis


Volume 64, 2012, No. 2

Content:


  Spatial differences in voting behaviour among inhabitants of rural Poland, as exemplified by parliamentary elections in the period 1993-2007
Jerzy Bański 1), Mariusz Kowalsi 2), Marcin Mazur 3)

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1)Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warszawa, Poland. jbanski@twarda.pan.pl
2)Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw, Poland. mar.kow@twarda.pan.pl
3)Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, 00-818 Warszawa,Twarda str. 51/55, Poland. m.mazur@twarda.pan.pl


parliamentary elections, voting behaviour, political parties, rural areas, Poland

Freedom to elect political representation was one of the clearest manifestations of the transformations taking place in the Eastern Bloc countries. The transformations alluded to favour a diversification of voting behaviour along the lines of profession, group in society and whether a person was a country-dweller or an inhabitant of an urban area. For its part, the work described here was focused on the last issue, seeking to diagnose what spatial differences there might be to voting behaviour, between one rural area of Poland and another. Beyond that, were it to prove possible to note differences, a further aim was to look for changes over the period since democracy was reinstated in public life and an economy given over to the market philosophy was created, and to indicate the dynamics and directions characteristic of any such change.

Geografický časopis. Volume 64, 2012, No. 2: 91-109.

 
  Základné paradigmy v rozvoji geografie ako vedy: pokus o stručnú identifikáciu
Ján Paulov 1)

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1)Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, PríF UK, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. paulov@fns.uniba.sk


paradigms, subparadigms

To identify paradigms in the evolution of a science which is not as advanced as, for instance, physics may be a problematic matter. Nevertheless, the author has tried to do it in geography. Besides paradigms he also distinguished subparadigms for some of them. He distinguished, eight paradigms and eight subparadigms that appeared from antique Greek geography up to current geography. Their names, as well the names of their founders are given in the summary of the paper.

Geografický časopis. Volume 64, 2012, No. 2: 111-120.

 
  Geoinformatika ako interdisciplinárna vedná oblasť a jej vzťah ku geografii
Jaroslav Hofierka 1)

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1)Univerzita Pavla Jozefa Šafárika, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Ústav geogrfie, Jesenná 5, 040 01 Košice. jaroslav.hofierka@upjs.sk


GIScience, geoinformatics, GIS, geography, cartography, computer science

Over the last two decades, the debate on the Geographic Information Systems and the GIScience has lead to various views on the definition of this emerging scientific field. Early works focused on the development and use of geographic information systems considered the GIScience rather an interaction of various sciences, such as geography, cartography, and computer science, rather than a clearly defined scientific field with its own study object and methodology. However, it is becoming clear that this emerging interdisciplinary science is attracting more and more researchers positioning themselves within the GIScience. In this paper, we provide a thorough definition and focus of GIScience. In our view, GIScience is focused on the processing of geographical data using the GIScience methods and information technology in order to derive new information and knowledge about landscape objects and phenomena. The Geographic Information System is one of key GIScience products but it is also a research tool extensively used by other sciences including geography thus greatly contributing to further cooperation of the involved sciences.

Geografický časopis. Volume 64, 2012, No. 2: 121-132.

 
  Komplexita ripariálnej zóny - príklad rurálneho segmentu vodného toku Torysa
Martina Cebecauerová 1), Milan Lehotský 2)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geoglujz@savba.sk
2)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geogleho@savba.sk


riparian zone, complexity, development, River Torysa

Comprehension of the development of any type of landscape requires integration of overall and local approaches and awareness of the effects attributable to both socio-economic and natural forces. Application of ideas of aggregate complexity emphasizing the synergy of the functioning system components and a synoptic (situational) approach accepting universal laws in a specific spatial and temporal context make it possible. Changes of 13 type of land cover in riparian zone of rural types are analysed and overall (the whole study area) and local (four parts – river reaches) aspects are interpreted by comparison of two time horizons (1987 and 2003) in this article. The studied territory was the basin-shaped meander segment of the River Torysa. Results suggest convergence of the riparian zone to qualitatively and functionally new status reflecting a change of its relationship to environs generated by the change of social situation and a change of its inherent functioning manifested in the increase of alluvial forest areas and increase of their width.

Geografický časopis. Volume 64, 2012, No. 2: 133-154.

 
  Produkcia vybudovaného prostredia v postsocialistickej Bratislave: podmienky, dynamika a územný prejav
Pavel Šuška 1)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geogsusk@savba.sk


postsocialism, built environment production, residential and commercial spaces, Bratislava, Slovakia

In this article, we focuse on the set of institutional and social changes with effects on the production dynamics of the built environment, represented by residential and commercial (administrative and retail) spaces. The second aim of the paper is to analyse the spatial pattern of the new production, which has transformed Bratislava’s urban environment.

Geografický časopis. Volume 64, 2012, No. 2: 155-179.

 
  Komplexita a ekonomická geografia
Jaroslav Rusnák 1)

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1)Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Human Geographyand Demography, Mlynská dolina, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15, Bratislava, Slovakia. rusnak@fns.uniba.sk


complexity, economic geography, path-dependence, self-organisa-tion, positive feedbacks, lock-in

This paper tries to show how important and useful is the alternative theoretical framework based on complexity theory in economic geography. The topic of this study “complexity and economic geography” is intended to become the one discussed by Slovak geographers. First, some generic concepts and properties of a complex system are introduced. Subsequently, the problem linked by various interpretation of complexity in social science is solved. More attention is given to the new economy and economic geography, where the old and the new economies are distinguished in sense of “complexity economics”. The aim of this paper is also to introduce some relevant physical concepts and metaphors, which may have a sufficient explanatory power to clarify evolution of the socio-economic environment.

Geografický časopis. Volume 64, 2012, No. 2: 181-198.