Vedecké časopisy a ročenky vydávané na pôde SAV

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Geografický časopis

Volume 62, 2010, No. 4


  Transport concentration areas and their relations to the spatial organization of society: A case study of the Czech Republic
Stanislav Kraft 1), Michal Vančura 1)

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1)University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Pedagogical faculty, Department of Geography, Jeronýmova 10, 371 15 České Budějovice, Czech Republic.

transport concentration areas, transport system, spatial organization, settlement system, Czech Republic

The principal objective of the study is interpretation of the relation between the spatial organization of settlement and the transport system as exemplified by the Czech Republic. In this sense, transport or transport relations are perceived as a real demonstration of the functional and spatial relations generated by the settlement system. Based on methods commonly used for identification of population concentration areas, the article discusses possible identification of transport concentration areas. The methodology of the identification of transport concentration areas is based on spatial asymmetry of transport flows distribution, or more precisely, on road transport volumes established in the Czech Republic on a regular basis every five years. The identified transport concentration areas are then compared to areas with the maximum population density and integrated systems of centres, which correspond to the methods employed to identify the metropolitan areas in the Czech Republic.

Geografický časopis. Volume 62, 2010, No. 4: 279-291.

  Vizuálna analýza vybraných historických dominánt Bratislavy
Zuzana Hlavatá 1), Ján Oťaheľ 2)

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1)Eurosense, s.r.o., Kutuzovova 13, 831 03 Bratislava.
2)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava.

visual landscape quality, viewshed, points of view, aesthetics of city image, digital terrain model, 3D landscape model, GIS, Bratislava

The visibility potential of selected dominants, particularly St Martin’s Cathedral, Michael’s Gate and the Old Town Hall in historic centre of Bratislava are analysed. The input data were adapted to a 3D landscape model using the 3D digital terrain model, 3D model of roofs and the GIS with raster size of 1.5 m. Moreover, the terrain was heightened to the level of 165 cm (mean height of observer’s eyes). The attractiveness of potential view points was assessed in the context of visibility and viewshed of the dominants pursuing the following criteria: size (area) of the relevant observed part and distance from the dominant. Results were computed for the range of 4,000 metres away from dominants and spatially identified in three categories of attractiveness. The most attractive view points were verified and preferred according to aesthetic principles of observed images of the city.

Geografický časopis. Volume 62, 2010, No. 4: 293-311.

  Webové stránky vidieckych obcí Slovenska: kvantitatívne zmeny v čase a priestore
Vladimír Székely 1), Daniel Michniak 1)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava.

rural municipalities, Internet, websites, diffusion of information, Slovakia

In Slovakia, there is no central information source concerning the existence of municipal websites that would increase the awareness and information of local inhabitants and form a positive image of the municipality for the potential immigrants, investors and tourists. The primary mapping of rural municipalities with their own website was carried out in March 2006. The second mapping was finished in April 2009. The aim of the paper is to present the results of this mapping and to compare the newly created revised database with that of 2006. Time-spatial analysis describes and explains the process of diffusion of the progressive idea concerning creation of municipality websites as a new form of massmedia communication.

Geografický časopis. Volume 62, 2010, No. 4: 313-328.

  Rurálna kriminalita a rurálne okresy Slovenska so zvýšenou kriminalitou
Anton Michálek 1)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava.

rural crime, explanation concepts, multiple disadvantage, situation context, rural region, Slovakia

Despite the evident need, research into crime existing in rural areas is still missing in Slovakia. This article should be an answer to this situation and its ambition is to at least partially fill the gap in geographical research. The aim of the article is to prove the basic theoretical knowledge concerning rural crime in general and in Slovakia, to identify rural regions (districts) with increased crime and to briefly characterize selected factors that contribute to this situation. Appurtenant analyses relied on Statistical Statements on Crime in districts of the Slovak Republic in 2000-2002 (Prezídium policajného zboru 2003), regional data of the Statistical Office (ŠÚSR 2009) and the Centre of Labour, Social Affairs and Family (ÚPSVaR 2008). Analysis and explanation of causes of increased crime in the empirical part of the article is based on the concept of multiple disadvantages. Results confirmed that all studied relevant factors in districts reach negative values and may represent the key factors of high crime level in these regions.

Geografický časopis. Volume 62, 2010, No. 4: 329-345.

  Priestorové aspekty čerpania štrukturálnych fondov v Nitianskom samosprávnom kraji v rokoch 2004-2006
Hilda Kramáreková 1)

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1)Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a regionálneho rozvoja, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 949 74 Nitra.

structural funds, operational programmes, financial cash flows on the level of municipalities, Nitra self-governing region

Currently, the scientific geographical literature does not pay adequate attention to the spatial aspects of drawing financial resources from structural funds although these financial resources represent one of the most important sources for the regional development of municipalities. Therefore, the aim of the study is the analysis of financial cash flows on the level of municipalities from the structural funds of the European Union during 2004-2006. It was a short programming period in which Slovakia, as a member of the European Union, could draw financial resources from the structural funds for its regional development for the first time. A specific feature of this period was the beginning of fiscal decentralization of municipalities, the basis of a new system of financing regional/local self-government. The justness of the studied issues is evident with regard to the already written stu-dies regarding, for example, the labour market and poverty on regional, subregional and local levels. The study is based on critical analysis of a database of final beneficiaries, cartographic visualization of their incomes and subsequent interpretation. The acquired information was compared with selected correlated themes (poles of growth, size categories of municipalities, centres of professional associations of municipalities so-called “microregions“). The results of the study showed that rural communities spent nearly 93% of the total funds. On the one hand, this suggests overestimating of cities as poles of development and on the other hand it may mean a successfully started process of endogenous development of municipalities.

Geografický časopis. Volume 62, 2010, No. 4: 347-373.