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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 40, 2008, No. 5

Content:


 

nekrológ:

 
  Spomienka na Jana Sedláčka, doc. PhDr., CSc. (1935 - 2008)
Soňa Szomolányi

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 5: 487-489.

 
 

recenzia:

 
  Gerbery, D. - Lesay, I. - Škobla, D. (eds.): Kniha o chudobe: Spoločenské súvislosti a verejné politiky
Jan Drahokoupil

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 5: 490-492.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  Násilie - spoločensky nežiaduci jav
Peter Ondrejkovič

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Violence; aggression; anomy; everyday violence; threat of pain; terrorism; mobbing; torture

Violence – Socially Undesirable Phenomenon. Violence, including violence committed by youth, can be by using „thick description“ identified as specific human behaviour, focused on extortion of carrying out the wishes, interests, acts, commands, and regulations. Violence is in most of the cases associated with power or predominance. The „thick description“ represents very detailed, literally microscopic reckoning of what is violence and it originated from paradigm and theoretical-methodological concept of phenomenology. Aggression and violence, in a similar way as money, became universal fetishes of contemporary societies. They are becoming a generally recognised issue in which probably all people are interested in. There are discouraging theories and according to them the increasing violence and aggression became the symptom of self-destruction of our civilization which draw its universality and legitimacy from its constitutional non-violence. By aggression we often refer to offensive behaviour, which usually follows as a reaction to real or apparent threat of one’s own (above all) authority, and is very often a demonstration of anger. Sociological meaning of aggression contains also an intention, i.e. intentional abuse. On the present we are witnesses of continuing discussions if aggression is primal meaningful force which enables solutions of aims in life and life’s questions or if it is destructive potential in a human being which has to be necessarily shunted by upbringing or training (self training). The determination of violence is very inaccurate although it forms part of our everyday experience. It denotes the most frequent definition of one-shot act or more precisely procedure whereat a human being causes a personal injury to someone else. Other characteristics discuss any acts including neglect which influences life, physical and psychical integrity, individual liberty and it discusses any other acts impairing personal development. The multivalent concept of violence gives evidence the fact that it is also used for definition of a form of intervention in different types of relations (interpersonal, foreign, relations between institutions) and its sphere is modified by legal authorities. The essential categories of violence are pain and threat of suffering. Violence that is causing harm is a source of helplessness of a victim and at the same time it is a demonstration of a perpetrator’s dominant power over her or his victim. The whole society as well as social sciences should concentrate their efforts in search for solutions for the continuous and growing violence, as a global phenomenon in which an important role will have to be played not only by the state and the public administration but also by all spheres of civil society. Sociológia 2008, Vol. 40 (No. 5: 391-416)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 5: 391-416.

 
  Regionálna kultúra v individualistickom kontexte
Mária Suríková

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Individualism; regional culture; subjectivisation; symbolization; isolation

Regional Culture in the Individualistic Context. The article analyses the regional culture as a value-regulatory system attribute of a social life in a region comprehended rather as a model than a concrete category. The main subject of the study is individualization of the regional culture, which causes subjectivisation of its values and normative contents and results in its internal pluralisation and relativisation, in weakening of its regulatory and organizational potential, but also in creative innovations or modifications of elements of the regional culture. The analysis is focused on the individualistic changes in a regional cultural memory, the economical functions of the region and the processes of a global cultural diffusion. Sociológia 2008, Vol. 40 (No. 5: 417-434)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 5: 417-434.

 
  Inovácie v sociálnych službách: Prípadová štúdia domovov dôchodcov na Slovensku
Katarína Staroňová, Ľudmila Malíková

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Innovations; innovations in public services; organizational innovativeness; innovation process; social service reform; residential care for elderly

Process of Innovations in Social Services: Case Study in Residential Care for Elderly Citizens in Slovakia. The article provides an insight into the concepts of innovativeness in public sector of Slovakia by empirical research conducted in the residential homes for elderly. This case study sets out to map the development of an innovation within the context of the Slovak social service sector. In this example, the innovation in question is quality standards in the provision of the social services. The case study tracks the origins of quality standards and examines the ‘critical events’ in its development to the current state. Issues such as the pressures, drivers and rationale for its introduction, barriers to its diffusion and uptake and facilitating factors are also considered. The case study is not intended to be evaluative or judgemental of the services and quality standards themselves. Sociológia 2007, Vol. 39 (No 5: 435-452)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 5: 435-452.

 
  Percepcia sociálnej identity Slovákov v Maďarsku a Maďarov na Slovensku
Mária Homišinová

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Group identification; macro-social communities; inter-generational aspects; Slovak minority in Hungary; Hungarian minority in Slovakia

Perception of Social Identity of Slovaks in Hungary and Hungarians in Slovakia. The paper deals with the issue of perception of social identity of Slovak minority in Hungary and Hungarian minority in Slovakia. In the first part, it presents a theoretical background for the study of social identity with a particular attention given to the study of ethnic identity as its segment. In the second part, the paper focuses on development trends and important factors determining an ethnic identity. It presents the state of the art of research into the ethno-social identity of members of Slovak minority living in Hungary and members of Hungarian minority living in Slovakia drawing on analysis and research findings from studies carried out in Slovakia and Hungary. In the third part, the author interprets research results from two sociological and social-psychological studies conducted among the members of Slovak minority in Hungary (2001) and among the members of Hungarian minority in Slovakia (2004). Sociológia 2008, Vol. 40 (No. 5: 453-486)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 5: 453-486.