Electronic Library of Scientific Literature - © Academic Electronic Press
Volume 32, 2000, No. 4, pp. 317-404
Katedra sociológie FF UK, Bratislava
Personal Identity: Continuity Versus Discontinuity. The paper approaches the problem of personal identity on the background of dominant historiosophical conceptions. Author supposes that the personal self-concepts of individuals are closely connected with the current historical schemas of progress and evolution or of the cyclical development of global society. The fall of the socialism and the following "unnatural" turn of the world history in the opposite direction has caused the confusion in the historical consciousness of common people. Belief in continual character of one’s personal identity was destroyed. The discontinuation was accompanied by the emergence of the eventualistic historiosophical conception, which supports the episodical approach of individuals to their biographical narratives. The recent tensions between continualistic and discontinualistic interpretations of personal identity were caused by the conflict between essentialist and constructivists in modern sociology and social psychology. Author points out that the present-day postmodern situation forms the discontinuous, unstable, fragmented identity.
Sociológia 2000 Vol. 32 (No. 4: 319-342)
Katedra sociológie výchovy a sociológie mládeže Pedagogickej fakulty UK, Bratislava
Modernization and Anomie. Is the Theory of Anomie Topical in the Present Slovak Society? Article inquires into the origins and development of the theory of anomie and critically apprehends the paradigm of modernisation. According to the latest research results, anomie becomes part of the most intimate spheres of human lives, directly influencing their life feelings. Some elements of the classical theory of anomie, which eloquently characterise contemporary society and the process of its globalization, became very topical in present days. It is claimed that the development following the anomic conditions of contemporary society shows strong shift from the norm to the deviation. Author agrees with Martin’s thesis of “sinister face of modernisation”, arguing that the contemporary elements of the anomie in Slovakia anticipate the future development of Slovak society, no matter whether we characterise this development as modern or postmodern. An alternative to the negative anomic development is a well functioning social control, which plays the central role in anomic as well as non-anomic development of society.
Sociológia 2000 Vol. 32 (No. 4: 343-360)