Electronic Library of Scientific Literature
Volume 47, 4/1999
Mgr. Oľga Danglová, CSc., Ústav etnológie SAV, Jakubovo nám. 12, 81364 Bratislava, Slovakia
The writer deals with zoomorphic elements which occupied key position in Slovak decorative expression. She suggests that they had grown from magic, mythic and historical roots and iconographic traditions, which helped keep their symbolic codes together. Despite the fact that the original meaning of these codes had long vanished, their visual representations preserved their vigour throughout centuries.
Key words: folk decoration tradition, zoomorphic ornamentation, motifs of stag, lamb, ram, snake, horse, lion, fish and unicorn.
Kľúčové slová: ľudová dekoratívna tradícia, zoomorfná ornamentika, motívy jeleňa, baránka, barana, hada, koňa, leva, ryby, jednorožca.
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Mgr. Dušan Belko, Muzeologický kabinet SNM - NMC, Vajanského nábrežie č. 2, 814 36 Bratislava
This is a study of the past and present of dowsing - a phenomenon, which is most probably rooted in ancient human experience. In the first part of the study, the writer deals with cultural and historical sources of our knowledge about this phenomenon. He shows how it developed during successive historical ages - antiquity, the Middle Ages and modern history, and also compares the practice of dowsing in far-flung areas, such as China, the Near East and Europe. In the second part of the study, the writer attempts to present the results of an analysis of the contemporary practice of dowsing in modern societies. Moreover, he attempts to describe, conceptualise and interprete this often publicly discussed phenomenon from the point of view of dowsers themselves.
Key words: dowsing, biolocation, virgule, pendulum
Kľúčové slová: prútkarstvo, biolokácia, virgula, kyvadlo
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Prof. Philip Bohlman, Department of Music The University of Chicago, 1010 E. 59th Street, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
The paper deals with the problem of relationship of central and east Europe Jews to death. A topic is researched from musicological as well as semiotics point of view. Study begins with traditional images of death following the period of holocaust coping with this trauma after the World War II up to contemporary young generation of Jews. The problem is discused in two main lines: 1. Songs with theme of the death, connection of the myth and reality, 2. Funeral crying song as song genre.
Keywords: folklore, Jewish songs about death, central and eastern Europe
Kľúčové slová: folklór, židovské piesne o smrti, stredná a východná Európa
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PhDr. Zuzana Profantová, CSc., Institute of Ethnology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Jakubovo nám. 12, 813 64 Bratislava, Slovakia
Autostereotypes, transmitted historically through folklore, arise from the national mentality itself, and at the same time strongly influence it. Autostereotypes and national mentality are like joined vessels, which during the process of national self-identification and self-definition, mutualy influence each other. National mentality has a procesual character and is determined by geographic, politico-economic and historical conditions and circumstances. Historical mentality is a complex of ways and contents of thinking and feeling which is proper to a collective at a time: Mentality is manifested in deeds. Mentality must be determined on the basis of something far deeper than folklore narrative or other national traditions. Since the essence of mentality is also created by ability to reform national history, to cultivate oneself, to adopt autodidactics from one´s own historical events, to reduce isolation.
Key words: mentality, historical memory, folklore
Kľúčové slová: mentalita, historická pamäť, folklór
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