Electronic Library of Scientific Literature
Volume 44, 4/1996
SLOVESNÉ A HUDOBNÉ PREJAVY SPOJENÉ S PÚŤAMI
Mgr. Katarína Zajicová,
Katedra etnológie FF UK, Gondova 2, 81801 Bratislava, Slovakia
The author devotes attention to the characteristics, variety and typology of folk and semi-folk religious songs in Slovakia from the 16th century to the present. She gives special attention to pilgrimage songs about Mary, tracing their continuity of development, historic influences on their changes and their present state. The publication and distribution of pilgrimage songs is closely connected with their development. Therefore the author also looks at the highly positive role which the most important publishers in the old Kingdom of Hungary (Trnava, Košice, Banská Bystrica, Bardejov, Levoča, Skalica, Bratislava) played in the development of pilgrimage songs.
RODINA ŽIVNOSTNÍKA A POSTAVENIE ŽENY V NEJ V PRVEJ POLOVICI 20. STOROČIA
Živnosť ako spôsob života (na príklade mesta Trenčín)
PhDr. Monika Vrzgulová,
Ústav etnológie SAV, Jakubovo nám. 12, 81364 Bratislava, Slovakia
It is usual for a social group to have specific models of behaviour, norms, values and symbols, which distinguish it from other social groups. To a significant degree, values determine social behaviour, action and thinking, and in the form of value systems, regulate the whole culture and social life of the group both internally and towards the wider society.
KRÚTIVÉ TANCE NA SLOVENSKU (so zameraním na východoslovenské regióny)
PhDr. Stanislav Dúžek, CSc.
Ústav hudobnej vedy SAV, Dúbravská cesta 9, 841 05 Bratislava, Slovakia
The article about couple whirling dances in Slovakia especially describes the choreographic aspect of this most important, still almost universally occurring, regionally and historically differentiated type of Slovak folk dance. Within Slovakia, the eastern Slovak regions are generally characterized by a special folk dance culture, width of dance repertoire and vitality of dance and music folklore. Therefore we especially oriented our work in the direction of the more significant typological groups, historical- stylistic and functional layers of whirling dances from eastern Slovakia, which are distinctive and less well known than similar dances in other parts of Slovakia. The first version of the paper was presented as an introduction to a seminar about folk dance: Anthology of Eastern Slovak Folklore at Prešov on 22nd November 1992.
KRÚTIVÉ TANCE NA VÝCHODNOM SLOVENSKU Z HĽADISKA HUDOBNÉHO SPRIEVODU
Mgr. Peter Michalovič,
Záhorské múzeum Skalica, Ústav hudobnej vedy SAV, Dúbravská cesta 9, 841 05 Bratislava, Slovakia
Whirling dances of the old style are characteristic of the Slovak village
environment, but they are steadily disappearing from contemporary dance
activity. Eastern Slovakia is an area where it is still possible to find
a relatively large number of localities where this type of dance exists
in a relatively lively form. This situation is helped to a significant
degree by traditional groups, especially of players of stringed instruments,
but also of other musical instruments, who maintained this dance in the
folk tradition and in the area of folklorism.
One of the significant musical dance localities of eastern Slovakia is Zámutov, where traditional stringed instrument music is still performed. In particular the viola or violin counter playing form the harmonic rhythmic accompaniment, reflected in the dance expression of the dancers. A typical musical accompaniment of counter playing to whirling dances is called a duvaj. The onomatopoeicly coloured word gives a picture of the actual method of playing - legato strengthening of notes. The style of playing of the accompanying instruments contains various technical and rhythmic properties which identify this style. An identical method of accompanying playing also occurs during wedding dances, which are part of ceremonial folklore. This indirectly points to the archaic nature of this style of playing. The moderately fast tempo of the whirling dances is an important style forming feature of the accompanying counter playing. It is used during both the current čardáš tunes and the wedding dances.
PREHĽAD BÁDANIA O NACIONALIZME (STREDOVÝCHODNÁ EURÓPA)
PhDr. Gabriela Kiliánová, CSc.,
Ústav etnológie SAV, Jakubovo nám. 12, 813 64 Bratislava, Slovakia
The contribution is concerned with the overview about the research on nations and nationalism among the Eastern Central European authors mostly after 1945. The study offers special attention to the works of Miroslav Hroch, Józef Chlebowczyk and Jenö Szücs from the 1960's, 70's and 80's. It discusses also the recent development in the research of nationalism after 1989 in Eastern Central Europe.