Electronic Library of Scientific Literature
Doc. Dr. Jan Botik, CSc.,
Historicke muzeum SNM, 81101 Bratislava-Hrad, Slovakia
The essence of the uniqueness of the ethnic situation of any minority
lies in the fact that from the first moment of their existence
in a new land, certain processes begin to take effect in the development
of the members of a minority group, processes for which two basic,
yet mutually contradictory, tendencies are symptomatic. One of
these symptoms is marked by the expressive characteristics of
ethnocultural survival and most distinctly is manifested in the
clinging to of cultural values established in the original homeland,
that is, in the preservation of the signs of original cultural
and ethical uniqueness. The second tendency is marked by ethnocultural
changes and cultural assimilation with the majority population
with which the minority attaches its destiny.
PhDr. Peter Salner, CSc.,
Institute of Ethnology of Slovak Academy of Sciences, Jakubovo nam. 12, 81364 Bratislava, Slovakia
Results of the project entitled Oral History: Testimonies
of Holocaust Survivors" are presented. The project has been
coordinated by Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies
at Yale University and in Slovakia it is conducted by Milan Simecka
Foundation. Research is videorecording memories of Jews of the
years 1939-1945. The article is divided into two parts. The first
one informs on the project and describes the applied procedures.
Enclosures include authentic testimonies of witnesses arranged
by individual themes: beginning of Holocaust, deportations; situation
in Slovakia; liberation and return home.
PhDr. Juraj Zajonc,
Institute of Ethnology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Jakubovo nam. 12, 81364 Bratislava, Slovakia
At present making of lace is a significant area of the cultural
activities in all the countries west of Slovakia. The author tried
to set the common features of the lace making in these countries.
In the frame of confrontation with the development in Slovakia
he can see the concrete activities that are necessary to realize
in order to preserve the values of traditional lace making and
to develop the modern Slovak lace making.
PhDr. Viktor Krupa, DrSc.,
Institute of Oriental and African Studies of Slovak Academy of Sciences, Klemensova 19, 81364 Bratislava, Slovakia
Data from various languages confirm the importance of the cognitive
role of human body for the category of space in culture and language.
The key role of anthropomorphism is of a universal nature in mythology