Electronic Library of Scientific Literature
Volume 44 / No. 3 / 1996
The producers are unceasingly confronted with many new experiences.
The market demands products with continuous more complex functioning and
constantly shorter life cycles of products lead to faster appropriation
and application of new approaches.
The author in this article proposes one of the opportunities of how to successfully overcome this challenge, and this is by incorporating logistics into the manufacturing process. It amounts to a new conception in planning and management of production, application of "Just-in-Time" into the entire material channel, securing elasticity of machinery and employees, and shortening interconnection of information flows.
On the basis, especially international research and practise findings, can the application of logistics in the manufacturing process be secured. This in turn, can make it possible for our firms to increase the responsiveness to production with an optimal outlays.
The theory of capital and interest demonstrate the inevitability of
linking the actual and monetary processes in the economy as well as micro
and macroeconomic perspectives concerning the functioning of capital market.
However, the author thinks that there exist great confusion about basic
explanations and relations. For example, how to understand interest and
capital - real or financial, what determines supply and demand of capital,
how decisions are made by individuals, firms and organizations on the capital
market. Because the answers to these questions by individuals economic
schools are partial, an attempt is made to provide short historical overview
about the theory and problems of capital and interest from its inception
until current modern theory.
An understanding of the functioning mechanism of capital market makes it possible to specify how households and firms behave and on what grounds their choices are evaluated in regard to their limited resources. These findings are considered important also from the perspective of national economic policy choices in relations governing the selection of instruments which influence the process of the capital market. And it is these basic questions that the author is trying to respond to in this article.
The objective of the paper is the elaboration of methodology of the
social-economic structure and the evaluation of regional development. For
this purpose the paper is divided into two parts. The first part is concerned
with methodologies applied in the assessment of the social-economic development
of regions, and in the second part, is discussed the methodology for determining
regional development level.
Several methodological problems in evaluation of the economic development level make up an introductory part for evaluation of different approaches used when analysing regional development in European countries.
On the basis of empirical materials, according to the submitted method, in Slovakia there exist 5 types of regions which differ in their conditions of development. Each of these five regions has its specificities with regard to its economic base and spatial organization.
The most problematic are the regions with the retarding economic development for which the more detailed methodology of evaluation of their social-economic disparity has been elaborated.
The cooperative form of the enterprise in Slovakia is one of the oldest
in the world. The first credit cooperative society was founded by Samuel
Jurkovič in 1845. Other cooperative units were at that time already based
on the cooperative ideas of common property, democracy, autonomy and reciprocity.
After 1989 revolution, began the process of transformation toward the market economy which involved the relationship between the state and enterprises.
At the end of 1991, the Parliament passed the Law Number 42, known as "Transformation Law". Although the practical application of the Transformation Law brought to agriculture co-operatives for several years inevitable problems, the change toward the new modern market relations continues. The old co-operatives are either being destroyed, or transformed to new co-operatives having their own goals, based on their own decisions, and activities.
In the article the author provides the reader with a brief analysis about the cooperative form of enterprise in Slovakia and offers suggestions for its future development.
The paper deals with basic and specific educational needs of managers from the area of psychology. It emhpasizes the importance of a systemic approach in managerial education in this field. At the same time, the article points to some "white spots", i.e. the areas in which it is necessary to improve and accelerate the managerial education in various dimensions of psychology. This is especially needed in connection with the managers, professional orientation, the nature and contents of their work, as well as the level of management. The author's conclusions are based on the results of 1992-1994 study which involved 26 top Slovak firms. She also decsribes how to work out theoretical experiences from applied psychology in an educational process of Slovak managers. The goal is to improve the future psychic and professional standard of the managers' preparation for work-process.