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Geografický časopis

Volume 67, 2015, No. 4


  A vision of the polycentric development of the Mazovia region in Poland
Jerzy Bański 1), Konrad Czapiewski 1)

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1)Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warszawa, Poland.

polycentrism, city, region, development, Mazovia

Recent studies have demonstrated that many regions in Western Europe are experiencing a gradual transition from a monocentric model to one predicated on polycentrism, where a number of cities play the role of autonomous centres of development bound to one another by an intricate network of cooperation. In Poland, the polycentric model of settlement is a key component of regional development policy. The aim of this study is to define the level of polycentricity of the Mazovia region in Poland. Our approach focuses on assessing the importance of subregional centres in the spatial structure of the region including their contribution to the socio-economic development of Mazovia. We assume the hypothesis that despite the concept of increasing the level of polycentricity in the Mazovia region declared in strategic documents, the actual socio-economic development trends are not expected to enhance the role of five subregional centres and thus raising their rank in relation to Warsaw.

Geografický časopis. Volume 67, 2015, No. 4: 301-321.

  Road and intersection accidents: localization of black spots in Ostrava
Igor Ivan 1), Jan Tesla 2)

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1)Institite of Geoinformatics, Faculty of Mining and Geology, VŠB-TU Ostrva, 17. listopadu 15, 708 33 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic.
2)Institite of Geoinformatics, Faculty of Mining and Geology, VŠB-TU Ostrva, 17. listopadu 15, 70833 Ostrava.Poruba, Czech Republic.

traffic accident, accident location, black spot, intersection, the city of Ostrava, Czech Republic

Traffic accidents are among the most frequently analysed negative aspects of transport, and tend to concentrate in certain locations, or road sections. Tools of spatial analysis applied to localized data on traffic accidents allow a quick location of specific segments and intersections with an above-average incidence of traffic accidents. However, traffic accidents are a specific type of point data mostly due to the limited space in which they occur. For this reason it was necessary to use an adjusted version of the traditional methods for the assessment of their spatial distribution. The paper presents selected approaches for evaluating the spatial distribution of traffic accidents in the Czech Republic for the period 2009 to 2013. Road sections have not been completely analysed, but the network is divided separately for road sections and for intersections. Subsequently, the most problematic road sections and intersections were identified using the City of Ostrava as an example. Traffic accidents are also assessed in relation to the volume of traffic for elimination of causality between the traffic volume and intensity of traffic accidents. The specific segments with increased accident rates without the influence of traffic volume were also identified.

Geografický časopis. Volume 67, 2015, No. 4: 323-340.

  Nákupné centrá v Bratislave a atribúty ovplyvňujúce preferencie spotrebiteľov
František Križan 1), Kristína Bilková 2), Pavol Kita 3), Josef Kunc 4), Peter Barlík 2)

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1) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave,Prírodovedecká fakulta Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava.
2)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava.
3)Ekonomická univerzita v Bratislave, Obchodná fakulta, Katedra marketingu, Dolnozemská cesta 1, 852 35 Bratislava.
4)Masarykova univerzita v Brne, ekonomicko-správní fakulta, Katedra regionální ekonomie a správy, Lipová 507/41a, 602 00 Brno,Česká republika.

urban retail, shopping centres, consumer preferences, Bratislava

Shopping centres represent a new form of the contemporary retailing with a significantly impact on the urban spatial pattern as well as the shopping behaviour of consumer. The paper is focused on an analysis of spatial patterns of consumersʼ behaviour and preferences in Bratislava recent shopping centres. The relevance of selected attributes of the most preferred shopping centres has been assessed too. The analysis and assessment were based on an extensive questionnaire survey with Bratislava residents (N = 11,389). On the mesoregional level (Bratislava city districts), the preference analysis revealed three key factors leading to the preference for a particular shopping centre: retail brands (marketing/tenant mix), accessibility and environment. On the microregional level (individual city districts, residence and shopping realized in the same neighbourhood), a routine or habit of shopping in a particular place has become important, too. Loyalty towards individual shopping centres seems to be of little importance on both regional levels. The outcomes of the study may be useful in marketing analyses and strategies of individual shopping centres but also in planning and research activities (decision-makers, scientific research, etc.) focused on future trends in the urban retailing environment.

Geografický časopis. Volume 67, 2015, No. 4: 341-357.

  Geografický prístup k výskumu kultúrnych pamiatok a historickej kultúrnej krajiny (na príklade podmalokarpatského regiónu)
Ján Lacika 1)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava.

historical cultural landscape, sustainable development, cultural monuments, Sub Little Carpathian Region

Properties of the natural landscape are often used as indicators of environmental quality. However, results of research focused on historical cultural landscape (HCL) are also applicable for this purpose. Conserved segments of HCL are viewed as positive parts of the present landscape, which enrich the environment of the given territory. The article presents verification of geographical methodology of research into cultural monuments and HCL using the example of the study area of the Sub Little Carpathian Region (south-west of Slovakia). It is involved with comprehensive evaluation of a set of cultural monuments based on the analysis and assessment of collected data about their geographical, cultural, historical, aesthetic and technical/legal properties. The data are concentrated in evaluating sheets, which provide an overall picture about the cultural monument in question and its inclusion into the transformed HCL. Typologically different segments of compact HCL were identified in the study area. Apart from their cultural and historical value, they also possess a high potential for the optimal inclusion into the functional present landscape (compact segment of historical urban settlement landscape in Svätý Jur, segments of historical rural settlement landscape at Doľany, Častá, Horné Orešany, Dolné Orešany, and segments of extra urban HCL in the hinterland of Červený Kameň Castle, the Chateau of Smolenice, and recreation resort of Harmónia.

Geografický časopis. Volume 67, 2015, No. 4: 359-378.