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Oxidative alternations in rat heart homogenate and mitochondria during ageing

E. Babusikova - M. Jesenak - P. Racay - D. Dobrota - P. Kaplan

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Rok, strany / Year, pages: 2008, 115-120

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Publikované / Published: 0000-00-00

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Our understanding of the role played by reactive oxygen and nitrogen species in disease pathology and ageing is still insufficient. Reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species can initiate protein and lipid oxidative damage that may be the most important contribution to ageing and age-related heart diseases. In the present study, we investigated the effect of ageing on oxidative damage of protein amino acid residues and lipids in heart homogenate and mitochondria of 4- and 26-month-old Wistar rats. Levels of dityrosine and levels of lysine conjugates increased in heart homogenate during ageing, although levels of conjugated dienes did not change. We observed significantly oxidative modification of tryptophan in heart mitochondria and increased levels of dityrosine with advancing age. However, levels of lysine conjugates, conjugated dienes as well as relative level of cytochrome c oxidase were unchanged in heart mitochondria during ageing. The results of this study suggest a different mechanism of oxidative modification in heart compartments during ageing and moreover, mitochondria and other cellular compartments are targets for oxidative modifications.

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