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Geoinformatika ako interdisciplinárna vedná oblasť a jej vzťah ku geografii

Jaroslav Hofierka

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Rok, strany / Year, pages: 2012, 121-132

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Publikované / Published: 0000-00-00

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Over the last two decades, the debate on the Geographic Information Systems and the GIScience has lead to various views on the definition of this emerging scientific field. Early works focused on the development and use of geographic information systems considered the GIScience rather an interaction of various sciences, such as geography, cartography, and computer science, rather than a clearly defined scientific field with its own study object and methodology. However, it is becoming clear that this emerging interdisciplinary science is attracting more and more researchers positioning themselves within the GIScience. In this paper, we provide a thorough definition and focus of GIScience. In our view, GIScience is focused on the processing of geographical data using the GIScience methods and information technology in order to derive new information and knowledge about landscape objects and phenomena. The Geographic Information System is one of key GIScience products but it is also a research tool extensively used by other sciences including geography thus greatly contributing to further cooperation of the involved sciences.

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Kľúčové slová / Keywords:

GIScience, geoinformatics, GIS, geography, cartography, computer science

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