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Poľnohospodárstvo Slovenska v rokoch 2002 – 2014 a jeho regionálne diferenciácie

Jana Némethová - Alena Dubcová - Hilda Kramáreková

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Rok, strany / Year, pages: 2017, 281-298

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Publikované / Published: 0000-00-00

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Popis / Abstract:

A transformation of Slovak agriculture and its integration into European structures has recorded significant changes during its development. These are presented in the context of the situation and trends in agriculture in Slovakia since the second half of the 90s of the 20th century up to the year 2014. The article focuses on development of the Slovakia´s agriculture tendencies after its accession to the EU in 2004 and on the regional differentiations of NUTS III units production efficiency between 2002 and 2014. In processing of statistical data a component analysis was used, which led to creation of the agricultural productivity profiles. Indexes of changes pointed to the dynamics of the monitored indicators development. The impact of the Common Agricultural Policy of the EU was mainly reflected in structural changes in crop and livestock production although more significant changes have occurred in livestock production which also showed a greater decrease. Gradually, between the years 2002 – 2014 also the structure of crop production has changed in favor of cereals and some technical crops especially oilseeds. On the other hand, the production of some typical market crops such as potatoes and vegetables decreased. The structural changes resulted in deepening of regional differentiations of this economic sector. The comprehensive assessment of agricultural production as a whole showed that very high level of agriculture was reached by Trnava and Nitra regions.

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Kľúčové slová / Keywords:

agriculture, indicators of crop and livestock production, regions, re-gional differentiation, production performance profile, Slovakia

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