Nostalgia za neexistujúcou „krajinou detstva“ v impresionistickej poviedke Ivana Bunina (k žánrovej podobe próz Temné aleje).
Nostalgia for the Non-Existing „Land of Childhood“ in an Impressionist Short Story by Ivan Bunin (On the Genre in Dark Avenues)
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Rok, strany / Year, pages: 2014, 322-328
Jazyk / Language: slo\/eng
Publikované / Published: 30. 1. 2019
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Popis / Abstract:
The article was written as an outcome of the international scientific colloquium The Forms of Melancholy in the Arts organized by the Institute of Slovak Literature, Slovak Academy of Sciences, in Bratislava (15th May 2014) and, at the same time, is a partial outcome of the VEGA grant project titled Hyperlexicon of Literary and Scientific Terms and Categories, designed as a reflection on the genre theory and the forming of the genre invariants in modern prose of the 20th century. The methodological basis of the article is the interpretation analysis of the text structure of a particular short story chosen from the prose cycle Dark Avenues (1939-43) by the Russian Modernist Ivan Bunin with respect to literary (the beginning of Russian emigration / autobiographical literature of the first half of the 20th century) as well as non-literary contexts (the contemporary social and political situation in Western Europe and Russia). The article is supported by primary sources (original texts of Bunin´s short stories and their Slovak translations by renowned Slovak translators – the cited samples) as well as secondary literature on the subject of the research carried out by Russian, Czech and Slovak literary scientists, and, in addition to that, by my own previous research (studies and monographs) into the work of Ivan Bunin (see the bibliography below). The result of the interpretation analysis of one of the most significant short stories in the cycle titled Rusya (1940) and its non-literary background proves the hypothesis of the narrator´s ambiguous position on the author – narrator - character axis and, at the same time, tries to define the genre particularities of Bunin´s text oscilating between lyric, epic and drama with regard to the author´s intention and the use of the means of expression to convey the artistic message. The well-thought-of way of handling time and space, the writer´s narrative strategy brings an original aesthetic and psychological effect in reader text reception. In the context of Bunin´s work of the later emigration period, the presented interpretation analysis proves the assumption that the short story structure features genre vagueness being an open and continuously developing composition system.
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