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In: Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review, vol. 39, no. 5


Princíp aktivácie v sociálnej politike a jeho vzťah k zmierňovaniu chudoby a sociálneho vylúčenia

Principle of Activation in Social Policy and its Relation to Alleviation of Poverty and Social Exclusion

Daniel Gerbery

ISSN 0049-1225 ISSN 1336-8613 (print)

Year, pages: 2007, 383-408

Published: 0000-00-00

Full Text

Article type: štúdia / study

Abstract:

Principle of Activation in Social Policy and its Relation to Alleviation of Poverty and Social Exclusion. The paper focuses on activation bias of current social policies and its relation to alleviation of poverty and social exclusion. Activation is viewed as a policy paradigm that changes relationship between the welfare state and individuals. Author distinguishes between narrow and broader understandings of the activation approach. In the broader sense, the activation aims at raising opportunities to fully-fledged social participation in all domains of society. In the narrow sense, the activation is only related to labour market participation and decreasing of unemployment. Author analyses three forms of activation that are important in order to reduce poverty and social exclusion: workfare strategies embodied in the social assistance systems, changes of key parameters of tax-benefit systems, and last but not least active labour market policies. Author pays attention to their potential to activate poor people and their consequences both for target groups and social policy. The focus is also on political discourses and assumptions which determine implementation of these programmes. Finally, the paper deals with activation potential of Slovak social policy and suggests some principles how to evaluate it.

Principle of Activation in Social Policy and its Relation to Alleviation of Poverty and Social Exclusion. The paper focuses on activation bias of current social policies and its relation to alleviation of poverty and social exclusion. Activation is viewed as a policy paradigm that changes relationship between the welfare state and individuals. Author distinguishes between narrow and broader understandings of the activation approach. In the broader sense, the activation aims at raising opportunities to fully-fledged social participation in all domains of society. In the narrow sense, the activation is only related to labour market participation and decreasing of unemployment. Author analyses three forms of activation that are important in order to reduce poverty and social exclusion: workfare strategies embodied in the social assistance systems, changes of key parameters of tax-benefit systems, and last but not least active labour market policies. Author pays attention to their potential to activate poor people and their consequences both for target groups and social policy. The focus is also on political discourses and assumptions which determine implementation of these programmes. Finally, the paper deals with activation potential of Slovak social policy and suggests some principles how to evaluate it.

How to cite:

ISO 690:
Gerbery, D. 2007. Princíp aktivácie v sociálnej politike a jeho vzťah k zmierňovaniu chudoby a sociálneho vylúčenia. In Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review, vol. 39, no.5, pp. 383-408. ISSN 0049-1225 ISSN 1336-8613.

APA:
Gerbery, D. (2007). Princíp aktivácie v sociálnej politike a jeho vzťah k zmierňovaniu chudoby a sociálneho vylúčenia. Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review, 39(5), 383-408. ISSN 0049-1225 ISSN 1336-8613.

Keywords: Active social policy; poverty; social assistance; workfare; active labour market policy