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In: Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review, vol. 50, no. 3


Who Exactly is an Expert? On the Problem of Defining and Recognizing Expertise

Pavol Hardoš

ISSN 0049-1225 ISSN 1336-8613 (print)

Publisher: Sociologický ústav SAV

Year, pages: 2018, 268-288

Language: eng

Published: 4. 7. 2018

Full Text

Article type: štúdia

Document type: časopis

Abstract:

Who Exactly is an Expert? On the Problem of Defining and Recognizing Expertise. The article tackles the problem of defining and identifying experts. The conceptual analysis of what it means to be an expert relies on existing scholarship in social epistemology and sociology of expertise. It draws a portrait of experts as deeply immersed in specialist habits and practices, whose truth-tracing testimonies, publicity, and standards of inquiry bestow on them a tentative, context-dependent epistemic authority. This definition of expertise is closely connected with the question of their recognition by the lay public, i.e. how experts can (and should) signal their reliability and trustworthiness. The signaling is made possible through the culture of responsibility present in scientific practices along with the institutionalization of certain features of ‘epistemic vigilance’. Sociológia 2018, Vol. 50 (No. 3: 268-288)

How to cite:

ISO 690:
Hardoš, P. 2018. Who Exactly is an Expert? On the Problem of Defining and Recognizing Expertise. In Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review, vol. 50, no.3, pp. 268-288.

APA:
Hardoš, P. (2018). Who Exactly is an Expert? On the Problem of Defining and Recognizing Expertise. Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review, 50(3), 268-288.

Keywords: Social epistemology; sociology of expertise; scientific expertise; epistemic authority of science