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The list of national projects SAS

Institute of Forest Ecology
How are adaptive traits of physiological resistance of trees affected by climate, intra- and interspecific variability?
Ako sú adaptabilné znaky fyziologickej odolnosti drevín ovplyvnené klímou, medzi- a vnútrodruhovou variabilitou?
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Jamnická Gabriela PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on enlightening how the physiological processes of trees are affected by climatic conditions, by intra- and interspecific variability. We intend to plant seedlings of six forest tree species and seven clones of poplar in five easily accessible plots differing in climate. We will combine two widely used approaches: (i) identifying differences between tree species and clones measured in situ within a climatic gradient. It allows to exclude differences caused by the adaptation of populations to the climate of their origin; (ii) measurements in provenance trials. This will enable us to measure physiological parameters sufficiently to create a response-model. We will assess several physiological processes, stress markers, morphological and growth traits. Deep knowledge of how mechanisms of resistance against stress factors work is crucial for a successful mitigation of climate change. The models of physiological processes can be used as a supportive tool of foresters’ management decisions.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2023
Accumulation of energy and mineral elements in the soil-plant system of nature-friendly and anthropically affected forest ecosystems.
Akumulácia energie a minerálnych elementov v pôdno-rastlinnom systéme prírode blízkych a antropicky ovplyvnených lesných ekosystémov.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Kuklová Margita CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2024
Algorithm of collective intelligence: Interdisciplinary study of swarming behaviour in bats
Algoritmus kolektívnej inteligencie: Interdisciplinárne štúdium swarmového správania netopierov
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Kaňuch Peter PhD.
Annotation:Various algorithms of artificial intelligence inspired by real biological mechanisms are successfully applied in civil and military sector. In this project, cooperative research of four scientific institutions having different basis, methodology and the object of study (biology, mathematics, computer science and technology) focuses on interdisciplinary study of social self-organizational behaviour of tree-dwelling bats with the aim to develop new meta-heuristic method capable of space exploration. The project has a great potential to bring new knowledge about mechanisms of collective intelligence in social structures of biological organisms, which will contribute to the field of theoretical biology, behavioural and evolutionary ecology. It will contribute also to the field of artificial intelligence as it focuses on swarming behaviour of individuals/agents with higher nervous activity and well developed cognitive skills. The model organisms (bats) of the project are using advanced biological mechanism capable of individual space exploration without group disintegration. This characteristic has a great potential for development of new biologically inspired algorithms and methods applicable e.g. in movement coordination of UAVs. Distinguished contribution of the project is R&D of ultra-light sensors applicable not only in biological research.
Duration: 1.8.2018 - 31.7.2022
Application of entomopathogenic fungi from the genus Beauveria against invasive insect species
Aplikácia entomopatogénnych húb z rodu Beauveria proti inváznym druhom hmyzu
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Barta Marek PhD.
Annotation:Invasive insects are spreading to new areas as a result of climate change, unlimited global transport of goods and human mobility. In new territories, a complex of natural enemies of these species is absent or limited are therefore their populations in many cases are growing rapidly. Because of this, the invasive specie become more harmful than autochthonous ones. Invasive species are not only economic but also ecological problem, in particular by reducing natural biodiversity and treading out of indigenous species. One way of eliminating the species seems to be the use of biological methods based on entomopathogenic fungi of Beauveria genus. These methods are environmentally acceptable and can be used in areas where the chemical approach is undesirable (protected areas, national parks). Applying the entomopathogenic fungi by pheromone trap generates a combined biotechnical method of protection that is highly selective. This can eliminate the risk of infection transmission to non-target insects. The main objective of the project includes research of biological methods in forest protection based on entomopathogenic fungi of the genus Beauveria against invasive insect pests. The project is focused on development of application methods, techniques and carriers of selected strains of genus Beauveria, study of their horizontal and vertical transmission in pest populations and dissemination of achieved outcomes directly into forestry practice. The main output of the project will be applied output "Methodology of application of biological preparations based on Beauveria spp. against selected invasive species".
Duration: 1.7.2020 - 31.12.2022
Biogeography and ecology of Orthoptera in Carpathians: Applications to biodiversity conservation
Biogeografia a ekológia rovnokrídleho hmyzu v Karpatoch: Aplikácie pre ochranu biodiverzity
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Jarčuška Benjamín PhD.
Annotation:Assessing biodiversity of Orthoptera using taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic diversity in Carpathian Mountains is main objective of the project. The project will analyse and assess the importance of various factors predicting selected Orthoptera species distribution in the study area while taking into account operating scale of factors. Revealed patterns of orthopteran diversity and their determinants, association between environmental characteristics and species abundance are expected to be important for understanding of evolutionary processes generating biodiversity. The new knowledge may lead, for to predictions, how global change will affect distribution and survival of species and for biodiversity conservation.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022
Bioprospecting of microbiome of woody plants with emphasis on endophytic microorganisms potentially usable in medicine and agriculture
Bioprospekting mikrobiómu drevín s dôrazom na endofytické mikroorganizmy potenciálne využiteľné v medicíne a poľnohospodárstve
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Michalko Jaroslav PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021
Diversity and distribution of species and communities in changing environment
Diverzita a distribúcia druhov a spoločenstiev v meniacom sa prostredí
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Slezák Michal PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022
Diversity of plant understory of alder forests in the main bioregions of Central Europe
Diverzita rastlín jelšových lesov hlavných bioregiónov strednej Európy
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Slezák Michal PhD.
Annotation:Alder forests with dominance of Alnus glutinosa are ecologically and floristically specific vegetation type. These forests belong to the endangered vegetation and they are under strong human pressure in Central Europe. We focus on the study of plant diversity patterns (alpha, beta and gamma) in the main Central European bioregions (Alpine, Continental and Pannonian) with respect to various plant groups (vascular plants, bryophytes, native and alien species) and two types of these forests, riparian alder forests and alder carrs. In addition, we would like to detect which ecological factors (including human impact) have an impact on alpha diversity of plants and which conditions predeterminate the highest species richness.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022
Ecological relationships in the system host-parasitoid
Ekologické vzťahy v systéme hostiteľ-parazitoid
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Černecká Ľudmila PhD.
Annotation:Study of the relationships between organisms is a basic prerequisite for understanding of evolution. Host-parasitoid interactions are an attractive area of research for evolutionary biologists. Only a small proportion of known parasitoid groups are associated with a dangerous host type. The exceptions are wasps from Polysphincta group (Hymenoptera). The project will evaluate ecological and behavioural data in both organism. The research will be studied under the conditions of forest ecotones, where the impact of ecological factors (altitude gradient, habitat type and woody species, exposure) on spiders and their parasitoids will be evaluated. The impact of management (conventional vs organic farming) on arachnid communities and their parasitoids in orchards and viticultural landscape will be investigated. The host spectrum and parasitoid manipulation will be tested experimentally. New knowledge about their biology and ecology is expected to allow a better understanding of the evolution of interactions between.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2023
Energy potential of primary production of the above-ground dendromass of forest stands
Energetický potenciál primárnej produkcie nadzemnej dendromasy lesných porastov
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Kuklová Margita CSc.
Duration: 1.7.2017 - 30.6.2021
Phenological response of plants to changing environmental conditions and spatio-temporal dynamics of selected macroelements and pollutants in forest ecosystems
Fenologická odozva rastlín na meniace sa podmienky prostredia a časovo-priestorová dynamika vybraných makroelementov a polutantov v lesných ekosystémoch
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Schieber Branislav PhD.
Annotation:Attention will be paid to the research of phenological responses and vitality of selected forest trees and herbs in changing environmental conditions. The results should help clarify the potential relationships between these changes and the subsequent reactions of plant components throughout the phenological response and their vitality as an important bioindicator. Research will also be focused on the acquisition of knowledge about spatio-temporal dynamics of the contents of selected essential chemical elements - macroelements (C, N, S, P, K, Ca, Mg) and heavy metals (Zn, Pb, Hg, As) in soil and biomass of some forest trees and herbs in relation to their stage of development (phenological phases) and vitality, respectively. In addition, we will analyze selected components of biogeochemical cycle (water - deposition of sulfur, air - ozone concentration), which are considered to significant pollutants with a negative impact on living ecosystems.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2024
Identification of environmental vulnerability and adaptive potential of Norway spruce (Picea abies Karst. L.) populations under changing climate
Identifikácia environmentálnej zraniteľnosti a adaptívneho potenciálu populácií smreka (Picea abies Karst. L.) v podmienkach meniacej sa klímy
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Ditmarová Ľubica PhD.
Annotation:In terms of ongoing climate change are mountain spruce ecosystem considered extremely vulnerable. The adaptive potential of the genetic resources of forest trees acts as a key factor in the survival and continuity of the mountain ecosystems in relation to those changes. In the given context, the project is directed at bioindication of invisible changes, observed at the level of physiological and growth processes, which will help clarify the degree of environmental vulnerability of the spruce populations from different geographical origin, in direct response to extreme changing climate. At the same time there will be solved fundamental questions in evolutionary biology spruce, especially the issue of its adaptation to changing environmental conditions.
Duration: 1.7.2017 - 30.6.2021
Identification, genetic variability a pathogenicity of economically important needle cast species on pines
Identifikácia, genetická variabilita a patogenita hospodársky významných druhov sypaviek borovíc
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Adamčíková Katarína PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021
Invasive potential of non-native maples (Acer sp.) in Slovakia
Invázny potenciál cudzokrajných javorov (Acer sp.) na Slovensku
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Ferus Peter PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021
Complex utilization of plant biomass in biofoods with added value
Komplexné využitie rastlinnej biomasy v biopotravinách s pridanou hodnotou
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Váľka Jozef CSc.
Duration: 1.7.2017 - 30.6.2021
Norway spruce response to acute stress in relation to bark beetle attack
Odozva smreka na akútny stres vo vzťahu k náletu podkôrneho hmyzu
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Blaženec Miroslav PhD.
Duration: 1.7.2020 - 31.12.2023
Ash dieback: the causal agents and disease control strategy
Odumieranie jaseňov: pôvodcovia a stratégia ochrany
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Kádasi-Horáková Miriam PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021
The potential for fungus Entomophaga maimaiga to regulate gypsy moth Lymantria dispar (L.) in Slovakia
Potenciál huby Entomophaga maimaiga regulovať početnosť mníšky veľkohlavej Lymantria dispar (L.) na Slovensku
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Kulfan Ján CSc.
Annotation:Entomophaga maimaiga is a highly virulent, host-specific pathogen affecting specifically only L. dispar in its natural range. The gypsy moth is one of main forest pests in Slovakia. E. maimaiga was originally described from Japan and it was artificially introduced from Japan into the U.S., at the beginning of 20th century, and now it is, along with LdMNPV (Lymantria dispar multinucleocapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus), the principal pathogen of gypsy moth in U.S. Recent investigations suggest that E. maimaiga is quickly spreading in Europe too. In 2013, it was also found in Slovakia. The main aim of the project is to evaluate the potential for non-native species E. maimaiga to regulate gypsy moth L. dispar in Slovakia. The main objective of this project is developing of a new system for gypsy moth control and damage forecasting under the conditions of current occurrence of the entomopathogenic fungus E. maimaiga.
Duration: 1.7.2020 - 31.12.2022
Growth and production of mountain ecosystems under conditions of climate aridization
Rast a produkcia horských ekosystémov v podmienkach aridizácie klímy
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Ditmarová Ľubica PhD.
Duration: 1.7.2019 - 30.6.2023
Responses of animals to recent changes in forest ecosystems and urban environments
Reakcie živočíchov na aktuálne zmeny v lesných ekosystémoch a urbánnom prostredí
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Zach Peter CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022
Reproductive strategies and relation to acoustic parameters and migration strategies: studies on Reed Warbler and Lesser Grey Shrike
Reprodukčné stratégie vo vzťahu k akustickým parametrom a migračným stratégiám: štúdie na trsteniarikovi bahennom (Acrocephalus scirpaceus) a strakošovi kolesárovi (Lanius minor).
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Krištín Anton DrSc.
Annotation:Song of passerines have several functions, like territory defense and mate attraction. By using of reproduced song of higher and lower quality in the Reed Warbler we will simulate occupied territories by males of different quality. We will determine the male strategy of territory choice affected by simulating quality of neighbor song, the female mate choice in relation to quality of neighbor song and evaluate the maternal investment of females into eggs in terms of clutch size, egg yolk testosterone and egg white lysozyme, in dependence on quality of neighbor song. Long-distance migrant songbirds are among the most endangered species. Their migration strategies are almost unknown and their relation to reproductive strategy, population trend and endangering factors is being not explained sufficiently. Using geolocators we will study the migration strategies and routes of selected individuals of the Lesser Grey Shrike and analyze their breeding success as well local and global factors of endangerement.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2023
Self-revitalizing processes in variously injured forest ecosystems
Samorevitalizačné procesy v rôzne atakovaných lesných ekosystémoch
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Barna Milan PhD.
Annotation:The proposed project focuses on not well known problem of the revitalization processes in forest ecosystems and their prediction by signs and state of individual components of examined ecosystem. This issue in immision-affected regions is currently very up-to-date objective. Negative effect of environment on growth conditions and thus to canopy damage depends on a number of tree disposition characteristics as well as synecological relations governing forest ecosystems. From these reasons it is very important to clarify revitalization processes in forest ecosystems after removement of the source of pollution. Clarification and characterization of revitalization process signs in respective forest components could represent a basic concept for prediction of forest development in man-affected environment. The research will concentrate on improved growth conditions in the area of former emission load, as influenced by on-going climate change.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021
Systematics and phylogeny of the genus Dermoloma in Europe and North America
Systematika a fylogenéza rodu Dermoloma v Európe a Severnej Amerike
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Adamčíková Katarína PhD.
Annotation:Dermoloma is insufficiently known genus of basidiomycetes classified in the order Agaricales (Agaricomycotina). More than 30 species are described worldwide, but only few of them are generally accepted. Opinions about morphological delimitation and number of the species are very variable in the current literature. Traditionally, up to eight species are recognised, although more than 30 European species were described. Our preliminary phylogenetic study suggest existence of more than 25 molecular operation units in Europe that probably represent independent species. Aim of the project is to define European and North American Dermoloma species by means of molecular and morphological methods and to assign them correct names. Fungi of the genus Dermoloma are essential part of grassland ecosystems and accordingly this project will deal with studies of environmental soil samples. We will look for suitable metabarcode for identification of species using next generation sequencing (metagenomics).
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021
Aliens among us: Spatio-temporal dynamics of plant invasions and their adverse impact on ecosystems
Votrelci medzi nami: Časovo-priestorová dynamika rastlinných invázií a ich nepriaznivý dopad na ekosystémy
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Slezák Michal PhD.
Duration: 1.7.2020 - 30.6.2024
The effect of application of honeybee autochthonous probiotic lactobacilli bound on the pollen carrier, on immune status and quality of honeybee products
Vplyv aplikácie autochtónnych včelích probiotických laktobacilov na peľovom nosiči na imunitný status a kvalitu produktov včiel medonosných
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Bíliková Katarína PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2021
Climate change and natural hazards impacts: vulnerability and adaptive capacity of Western Carpatians forest ecosystems
Zmeny klímy a prírodné riziká: zraniteľnosť a adaptačné kapacity lesných ekosystémov Západných Karpát
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Jakuš Rastislav PhD.
Duration: 1.7.2019 - 30.6.2022

The total number of projects: 26