The list of national projects SAS

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Institute: Institute of Philosophy SAS

Critical Reflection of the Current Science of Wellbeing
Critical Reflection of the Current Science of Wellbeing
Program: Other projects
Project leader: prof. PhDr. Novosád František CSc.
Duration: 1.6.2017 - 31.12.2018

Phenomenon of Culture in Philosophical Reflection
Fenomén kultúry vo filozofickej reflexii
Program: VEGA
Project leader: prof. PhDr. Novosád František CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2019

Fictionalism in Philosophy and Science
Fikcionalizmus vo filozofii a vo vede
Program: VEGA
Project leader: prof. Mgr. Zouhar Marián PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2019

Philosophical Anthropology and the Contemporary Civilizational Situation
Filozofická antropológia a súčasná civilizačná situácia
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Karul Róbert PhD.
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.6.2020

Problems of reception and reflection of the history of philosophical and political thinking in Slovakia: a multifocal approach
Problémy recepcie a spracovania dejín filozofického a politického myslenia na Slovensku: multifokálny prístup
Program: VEGA
Project leader: prof. PhDr. Pichler Tibor CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

Proper Names: Why Go Presuppositional?
Vlastné mená: Prečo zastávať presupozičný prístup?
Program: SASPRO
Project leader: Dr. habil. Zvolenszky Zsófia
Annotation:The project NAMES is based in the philosophy of language but extensively draws on work in theoretical linguistics. If granted the opportunity, during the SASPRO Fellowship period, I aim to develop a presuppositional account of proper names that is superior to Saul Kripke’s proposal that proper names are rigid designators (keep their reference across possible worlds) as well as competing proposals that have recently been put forth in linguistics and philosophy. My starting point is a clarified and modified version of John Searle’s view that proper names are associated with clusters of descriptions: that there is a crucial distinction to be drawn between ordinary and extraordinary uses of proper names (the latter of which include, among others, negative existential claims and identity statements); and that in the ordinary cases (but not the extraordinary ones), the descriptive material in the cluster is presupposed rather than asserted. The crux of my presuppositional account is that in ordinary uses of proper names, the descriptive material is not featured in the truth conditions of the utterance; instead, the truth conditions plausibly feature the object only and the descriptions are part of what’s presupposed. And, more broadly, my aim is to couch these in a comprehensive theory of proper name meaning that accounts for not just truth conditions but also other components of meaning (which include various presuppositions), and specifies systematic connections among these components. With a suitably laid out view of presuppositions (which takes into account recent developments in linguistics), I aim to provide a theory of the meaning of proper names accounting for (among other things) uses like “There are three Marks living in our building” as well as fictional names in a way that is more unified and elegant than rigid-designation-based alternatives and other recent proposals.
Duration: 12.1.2016 - 31.12.2018

The total number of projects: 6